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Building a program based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories. Susan Bergson Michael Robinson Jack Carrel Based on Presentation by: B.D. Hayes, DSW, MPH, MSW- Morehouse School of Medicine. Learning Objectives.

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Learning objectives

Building a program based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories

Susan BergsonMichael RobinsonJack CarrelBased on Presentation by: B.D. Hayes, DSW, MPH, MSW- Morehouse School of Medicine


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To provide a model for developing your proposal ideas based on research, field experience and evidence based behavior change models/theories

  • To review winning grant writing tips

  • To identify strategies for mutually beneficial partnering/collaborations

  • To increase funding for a variety of projects


Learning objectives

A successful grant proposal is

one that is well-prepared,

thoughtfully planned and

concisely packaged

…………….………….CFDA


Research and write first

Research and Write first

Fund Second


The three essential laws of successful proposal development and grant writing

The Three Essential Laws of Successful Proposal Development and Grant Writing

  • Do your homework

  • Follow instructions

  • Use Common Sense


General tips and comments

General Tips and Comments

  • Take sufficient time to prepare a good abstract, LOI, or a concept paper

  • Avoid the use of jargon and acronyms

  • Always include a budget and budget justification

  • Be careful when/where you cut and paste: assure uniformity of font size and type

  • ALWAYS use a reader and get editorial assistance


Traits of a successful grant getter

Traits of a Successful Grant Getter

  • Research skills

  • Salesmanship skills

  • Communication skills

  • Ingenuity skills

  • Administrative skills

  • Human relations

  • Persistence, dedication, patience

  • Ability to work hard

  • Political awareness and action

  • Integrity


Step 1 research

Step 1: Research

  • Before writing up a proposal, look at the research or the evidence base

    • PubMed

    • Google Scholar

  • Make sure to reference research (cite articles) in your background or needs statement

  • Use what already exists:

    • Statewide Coordinated Statement of Need and Comprehensive Plan

    • HIV/AIDS Quarterly and Annual Reports

    • New report from the Southern AIDS Coalition


Step 2 field experience

Step 2: Field Experience

  • What makes you think that it will work in the context in which you work and the population you will focus on?

  • Conduct focus groups and/or key informant interviews to understand why and how intervention will work

  • If changes to intervention need to be made to fit your population of interest, what are they?

  • Check out article- Cultural adaptation in translational research: field experiences. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15933334


Step 3 understanding behavior change theory

Step 3: Understanding Behavior Change Theory


Global causes of death

Global Causes of Death

Step 3: Understanding Behavior Change Theory

Injuries

Communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies

Noncommunicable diseases

Source: WHO, World Health Report 2000—Health Systems: Improving Performance (Geneva: WHO, 2000).


Behavior change reduces risky behaviors

Behavior change reduces risky behaviors


Health promotion means changing behavior at multiple levels

Health Promotion Means Changing Behavior at Multiple Levels

AIndividual: knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, personality 

BInterpersonal: family, friends, peers 

CCommunity: social networks, standards, norms 

DInstitutional: rules, policies, informal structures

EPublic Policy: local policies related to healthy practices

Source: Adapted from National Cancer Institute, Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion (2003), available online at http://cancer.gov.


Stages of change model

Stages of Change Model

  • Changing one’s behavior is a process, not an event

  • Individuals at different levels of change

  • Gear interventions to level of change

Source: James O. Prochaska et al., “In Search of How People Change: Application to Addictive Behaviors,” American Psychologist 47, no. 9 (1992): 1102-14.


Stages of change model cont

Stages of Change Model (cont.)

Precontemplation

Maintenance

Contemplation

Action

Decision


Example combating hiv aids in uganda

Example Combating HIV/AIDS in Uganda

  • Political support, multisectoral response

  • Decentralized behavior change campaigns

  • Focus on women and youth, stigma and discrimination

  • Mobilization of religious leaders

  • Confidential voluntary counseling and testing

  • Social marketing of condoms

  • Control and prevention of STIs

Source: Edward C. Green, Rethinking AIDS Prevention: Learning from Successes in Developing Countries (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2003).


Successful applications

SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS

  • Direct, concise, compelling, convincing, capable and resourceful

  • Addresses a significant/important problem

  • Explicit goals, measurable objectives

  • Comprehensive but succinct background review

  • Methodology fits problem

  • Appropriate funding mechanism


Unsuccessful applications

Unsuccessful Applications

  • Lack of knowledge about relevant literature

  • Questionable reasoning in research design

  • Lack of demonstrated experience in selected methodology (lacks detail)

  • Format issues

  • Over-ambitious

  • Failure to follow directions

  • Lack of new or original ideas

  • Diffuse, superficial, or unfocused research

  • Lacks clearly stated hypothesis and rationale

  • Lack of an overall research goal; uncertainty about future directions


Developing your idea s

Developing Your Idea(s)

  • Needs Assessment

    • Evidence of problem

    • Local, county, state, national

  • Capability Assessment

    • Organizational

    • People

    • Past and present history

    • Resources (funds, expertise, etc.)


Grant writing process

Grant Writing Process

  • Begins with a good idea

  • Review the components of a successful grant

  • Apply the model

  • Evaluate and discuss the plan

  • Literature review

  • Analysis of current research/activity in the field

  • Develop team


The task you face

The Task You Face

  • Clearly Identify the Need

    • Make sure the needs are those of the target population

  • Define the Solution

    • Use a Problem/Needs approach

  • Carefully Design the Project

    • How a problem is defined often determines an approach to develop a solution


Basic components

Basic Components

  • Project Methods or Design

  • Project Evaluation

  • Project Budget

  • Future Funding

  • The Proposal Summary

  • Introduction

  • Problem Statement (or Needs Assessment)

  • Project Objectives


General tips and comments1

General Tips and Comments

  • Take sufficient time to prepare a good abstract, LOI, or a concept paper

  • Avoid the use of jargon and acronyms

  • Always include s budget and budget justification

  • Be careful when/where you cut and paste: assure uniformity of font size and type

  • ALWAYS use a reader and get editorial assistance


Questions

Questions?

  • Read the directions!

  • As you are writing the LOI, please feel free to send Michael Robinson questions: [email protected]

  • Get two other people who are not involved with the proposal development to read your document

  • The Louisiana Community AIDS Partnership is available to help with technical assistance on all of your grant applications if you need us.


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