LEADING INDICATORS. - HSE Development, Corporate HSE, 24 Sept. 2012. Rev. 0. CONTENTS. USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS LIMITATIONS OF LAGGING INDICATORS DAILY LIFE EXAMPLES OF LEADING INDICATORS BODY WEIGHT DRIVING – DASHBOARD INFORMATION BIRD’S TRIANGLE LAGGING AND LEADING HSE INDICATORS
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- HSE Development, Corporate HSE, 24 Sept. 2012
For example, by the time ill effects from smoking are apparent it may be too late to avoid ill health.
LAGGING INDICATORS – LIMITATIONS (2)
For plant operations where there is potential for disastrous outcomes but the likelihood of such events is extremely low, the absence of these events (lagging performance indicators) may not be a true indicator that the potential dangers are being proactively managed.
The outcomes are so severe that one can’t wait for it to happen to find out that the implementation of the HSEMS has been effective or not.
LAGGING INDICATORS – LIMITATIONS (3)
Lagging indicators may fail to reveal latent hazards that have a significant potential to result in a disaster.
The fact that a car’s engine is running doesn’t mean that it is not loosing oil and will not breakdown before the next service. Regular checking of the oil level is a sensible precaution and a leading indicator.
Comparing our weight to the healthy weight for somebody of our age and height can provide advance warning of potential future health problems such as Heart Disease.
Here body weight is the leading indicator.
Advance warning of weight increase can encourage changes in diet and life style to reduce the risks.
Lagging indicators provide information on the outcomes of our actions i.e. results from past actions.
Leading indicators measure the inputs to the process that affect future outcomes.
In many cases HSE performance is reviewed by assessing lagging indicators.
Lagging indicators like First Aid, Medical recordable, Lost time, Fatality are outcomes.
Reactions to outcomes, though important, are like reacting to a stock market change rather than predicting the change to protect investments.
Near Missincident occurred
These are the outcomes we try to avoid
Near Miss – incident occurred
Reading the signs of emerging risks
Leader site visits; Leader Audits
Permit to Work audits; JSA Audits; HSE Training
Safety Critical Equipment PM; PM backlogs
Closure of actions - investigations; audits; HAZIDS
Safety Observations; Proactive Near-Miss reports
Reactive feedback and control
Proactive feedback and control
Accident & Incidents
Accident & Incidents
Lagging indicators monitor the outputs from the process. Corrective action is taken if the outputs deviate from the required standard. The control is reactive as corrective action cannot be initiated until the unwanted outputs have occurred.
Leading indicators monitor inputs to the process at stages before any adverse outcomes have occurred. Leading indicators provide feedback earlier in the process and enable proactive corrections to be made before any adverse outputs have resulted.
The effectiveness of leading performance indicators can be improved by better understanding the contributions that different inputs make to the desired output performance;
When using leading performance indicators, it is important to periodically analyze the relationships between the leading and lagging indicators that are being used and measure effectiveness.
Monitoring the petrol level without responding when the gauge shows near empty or relying on a faulty gauge that always shows more than half full will not prevent the car stopping when it runs out of fuel.
Leading performance indicators should be seen as a part of a process to guide actions that will improve future performance.
Identify where there are potential weakness or opportunities for improvement;
Identify what can be done to counter a weakness or deliver on improvement opportunities;
Set SMART performance standards for the actions identified;
Monitor performance against the standards;
Take corrective actions to improve performance;
Repeat the process, using the continual improvement model.
Actif the outcome deviates from the plan correct it
PlanThe activity of improvement
DoExecute the plan
CheckMeasure the Outcomes
Effective use of leading performance indicators can help to take the “luck” out of managing health, safety and environmental performance.
New / Development in year 2012
By measuring the input to a process, leading performance indicators can complement the use of lagging indicators and compensate for some of their short coming.
Leading indicators can monitor the effectiveness of the control systems and give advance warning of any developing weaknesses i.e. show the condition of systems before failure occurs. In this way, they help to control risks and prevent accidents.
Leading performance indicators can also measure the inputs that people are making to the management process. Used in this way they have a role in promoting and monitoring a positive culture towards improving HSE performance.
Leading performance indicators provide information that helps the user to respond to changing circumstances and take actions to achieve desired outcomes or avoid unwanted outcomes.
Leading Indicators should be objective and measurable; and provide information that guides action to improve performance.
Leading performance indicators can be used for industry benchmarking;
This can be done using a set of leading performance indicators that are based on the actions that are considered to be of most importance for improving the performance of the Industry as a whole;
Performance standards can be developed based around the desired level of Industry Performance;
The benchmarking process can help to identify areas of weakness compared to other organizations and opportunities for improvement. These can provide a fruitful source of data that can be developed further for the organization’s own leading performance indicators.
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