Leading indicators
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LEADING INDICATORS. - HSE Development, Corporate HSE, 24 Sept. 2012. Rev. 0. CONTENTS. USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS LIMITATIONS OF LAGGING INDICATORS DAILY LIFE EXAMPLES OF LEADING INDICATORS BODY WEIGHT DRIVING – DASHBOARD INFORMATION BIRD’S TRIANGLE LAGGING AND LEADING HSE INDICATORS

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LEADING INDICATORS

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Leading indicators

LEADING INDICATORS

- HSE Development, Corporate HSE, 24 Sept. 2012

Rev. 0


Contents

CONTENTS

  • USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

  • LIMITATIONS OF LAGGING INDICATORS

  • DAILY LIFE EXAMPLES OF LEADING INDICATORS

    • BODY WEIGHT

    • DRIVING – DASHBOARD INFORMATION

  • BIRD’S TRIANGLE

  • LAGGING AND LEADING HSE INDICATORS

  • BEING REACTIVE OR PROACTIVE

  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEADING AND LAGGING INDICATORS

  • LEADING PERFORMANCE INDICATOR AS A PART OF PROCESS

  • METHODOLOGY FOR USING LEADING INDICATORS

  • BOROUGE STORY

  • CONCLUSION

  • BENCHMARKING


Use of performance indicators

USE OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

  • Performance indicators provide information on:

    • What is happening around us;

    • How well we are doing;

    • What has happened so far (i.e. Historical Performances);

    • Warning of impending problems or dangers to enable us to take appropriate action.


Lagging indicators limitations 1

LAGGING INDICATORS – LIMITATIONS (1)

  • Lagging indicators may not be sufficient because of

    • The time delay between the actions we take and the resulting outcome(s) i.e. information too late for us to respond.

For example, by the time ill effects from smoking are apparent it may be too late to avoid ill health.


Leading indicators

LAGGING INDICATORS – LIMITATIONS (2)

For plant operations where there is potential for disastrous outcomes but the likelihood of such events is extremely low, the absence of these events (lagging performance indicators) may not be a true indicator that the potential dangers are being proactively managed.

The outcomes are so severe that one can’t wait for it to happen to find out that the implementation of the HSEMS has been effective or not.


Leading indicators

LAGGING INDICATORS – LIMITATIONS (3)

Lagging indicators may fail to reveal latent hazards that have a significant potential to result in a disaster.

The fact that a car’s engine is running doesn’t mean that it is not loosing oil and will not breakdown before the next service. Regular checking of the oil level is a sensible precaution and a leading indicator.


Body weight

BODY WEIGHT

Comparing our weight to the healthy weight for somebody of our age and height can provide advance warning of potential future health problems such as Heart Disease.

Here body weight is the leading indicator.

Advance warning of weight increase can encourage changes in diet and life style to reduce the risks.


Driving dashboard information

DRIVING – DASHBOARD INFORMATION

  • Lagging Indicators:

    • The odometer value provides the measure of how far we have travelled.

  • Leading Indicators:

    • Petrol gauge, temperature gauge and oil indicator lamp provide information allowing us to take action before the car stops through lack of fuel or engine seizure.

Lagging indicators provide information on the outcomes of our actions i.e. results from past actions.

Leading indicators measure the inputs to the process that affect future outcomes.


Bird s triangle

BIRD’S TRIANGLE

In many cases HSE performance is reviewed by assessing lagging indicators.

Lagging indicators like First Aid, Medical recordable, Lost time, Fatality are outcomes.

Reactions to outcomes, though important, are like reacting to a stock market change rather than predicting the change to protect investments.

Fatality

Lost Time

MedicalRecordable

First Aid

Near Missincident occurred


Lagging and leading hse indicators

LAGGING AND LEADING HSE INDICATORS

Fatality

These are the outcomes we try to avoid

Lost Time

Lagging indicators

Medical Recordable

First Aid

see

the

Risk

Near Miss – incident occurred

Reading the signs of emerging risks

Leader site visits; Leader Audits

Permit to Work audits; JSA Audits; HSE Training

Leading indicators

Safety Critical Equipment PM; PM backlogs

Closure of actions - investigations; audits; HAZIDS

Safety Observations; Proactive Near-Miss reports


Being reactive or proactive

BEING REACTIVE OR PROACTIVE

Reactive feedback and control

Proactive feedback and control

Input

Input

Output

Output

Process

Process

Accident & Incidents

Accident & Incidents

Leading Metrics

+

+

Controller

Controller

Desired Value

Desired Value

Error Detect

Error Detect

Frequency

Frequency

Lagging indicators monitor the outputs from the process. Corrective action is taken if the outputs deviate from the required standard. The control is reactive as corrective action cannot be initiated until the unwanted outputs have occurred.

Leading indicators monitor inputs to the process at stages before any adverse outcomes have occurred. Leading indicators provide feedback earlier in the process and enable proactive corrections to be made before any adverse outputs have resulted.


Relationship between leading and lagging indicators

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LEADING AND LAGGING INDICATORS

The effectiveness of leading performance indicators can be improved by better understanding the contributions that different inputs make to the desired output performance;

When using leading performance indicators, it is important to periodically analyze the relationships between the leading and lagging indicators that are being used and measure effectiveness.


Leading performance indicator as a part of process

LEADING PERFORMANCE INDICATOR AS A PART OF PROCESS

Monitoring the petrol level without responding when the gauge shows near empty or relying on a faulty gauge that always shows more than half full will not prevent the car stopping when it runs out of fuel.

Leading performance indicators should be seen as a part of a process to guide actions that will improve future performance.


Methodology for using leading indicators

METHODOLOGY FOR USING LEADING INDICATORS

Identify where there are potential weakness or opportunities for improvement;

Identify what can be done to counter a weakness or deliver on improvement opportunities;

Set SMART performance standards for the actions identified;

Monitor performance against the standards;

Take corrective actions to improve performance;

Repeat the process, using the continual improvement model.

Actif the outcome deviates from the plan correct it

PlanThe activity of improvement

DoExecute the plan

CheckMeasure the Outcomes

Effective use of leading performance indicators can help to take the “luck” out of managing health, safety and environmental performance.


Borouge story from lagging to leading hse indicators

BOROUGE STORY – FROM LAGGING TO LEADING HSE INDICATORS

New / Development in year 2012


Conclusion

CONCLUSION

By measuring the input to a process, leading performance indicators can complement the use of lagging indicators and compensate for some of their short coming.

Leading indicators can monitor the effectiveness of the control systems and give advance warning of any developing weaknesses i.e. show the condition of systems before failure occurs. In this way, they help to control risks and prevent accidents.

Leading performance indicators can also measure the inputs that people are making to the management process. Used in this way they have a role in promoting and monitoring a positive culture towards improving HSE performance.

Leading performance indicators provide information that helps the user to respond to changing circumstances and take actions to achieve desired outcomes or avoid unwanted outcomes.

Leading Indicators should be objective and measurable; and provide information that guides action to improve performance.


Benchmarking

BENCHMARKING

Leading performance indicators can be used for industry benchmarking;

This can be done using a set of leading performance indicators that are based on the actions that are considered to be of most importance for improving the performance of the Industry as a whole;

Performance standards can be developed based around the desired level of Industry Performance;

The benchmarking process can help to identify areas of weakness compared to other organizations and opportunities for improvement. These can provide a fruitful source of data that can be developed further for the organization’s own leading performance indicators.


Leading indicators

Thank you for your time!


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