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Reduced Sensation and its Effects on Safe Swallowing. Nicole Martin Wayne State University 2012. Swallowing. Begins in utero . Involves a tightly coupled interdependence among ongoing sensory and motor events. Three phases: the oral phase, pharyngeal phase and esophageal phase

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reduced sensation and its effects on safe swallowing

Reduced Sensation and its Effects on Safe Swallowing

Nicole Martin

Wayne State University

2012

swallowing
Swallowing
  • Begins in utero.
  • Involves a tightly coupled interdependence among ongoing sensory and motor events.
  • Three phases: the oral phase, pharyngeal phase and esophageal phase
  • Completion of a normal swallow involves receiving constant and always changing information from contact receptors for touch, pressure, taste and smell.
reduced sensation
Reduced Sensation
  • Puts the patient at risk.
  • Can affect pediatric and adult populations.
  • Several possible causes.
  • Patient’s safety and nutrition are both at risk.
children
Children
  • Independent by three years old.
  • Possible causes of reduced sensation: prematurity, cardiac/respiratory conditions leading to need for ventilator, neurological, genetic and anatomic or structural etiologies, cerebral palsy, cleft palate, Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
adults
Adults
  • People are living longer.
  • Aging is the primary cause of decreased sensation.
  • Other causes: CVA, TBI
what can happen
What Can Happen?
  • Choking
  • Aspiration
  • Dehydration
  • Malnutrition
  • Pneumonia
  • Reduced quality of life
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