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3 rd 9-weeks. Elections, Parties, and Pressure CE.5 a-f CE.7 c-d. American Free Market System CE.9 a-c CE.10 a-c CE.11 a. What term means seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill? A. Participating B. Joining C. Lobbying D. Expressing. C. Lobbying.

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3 rd 9-weeks

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3rd 9-weeks


Elections, Parties, and PressureCE.5 a-fCE.7 c-d

American Free Market SystemCE.9 a-cCE.10 a-cCE.11 a


What term means seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill? A. ParticipatingB. JoiningC. LobbyingD. Expressing


C. Lobbying


The requirements for a majority vote to win in the electoral college favors a -- ? A. Two-party systemB. Multi-party systemC. One-party systemD. The most experienced candidate


A. Two-party system


All of the following are ways interest groups influence public policy EXCEPT: A. Identifying issuesB. Making political contributionsC. VotingD. Lobbying government officials


C. Voting


Individuals can express opinions in influencing public policy by doing all of the following EXCEPT:A. LobbyingB. Demonstrating C. Sharing controlD. Writing letters


C. Sharing control


Which of the following is NOT a function of political parties? A. Monitors the actions of officeholders B. Educating the electorate about campaign issuesC. Paying people to vote for a particular candidateD. Help candidates win elections


C. Paying people to vote for a particular candidate


What type of system characterizes the American political process? A. One-party systemB. Two-party systemC. Multi-party systemD. The most experienced candidate


B. Two-party system


What is required before a citizen may vote? A. Voter registrationB. 15 years of age by day of general electionC. LobbyingD. Expressing an interest


A. Voter registration


All of the following are qualifications to register and vote in Virginia EXCEPT: A. Citizen of the United StatesB. Resident of Virginia and precinctC. Hold a job in VirginiaD. 18 years of age by day of general election


C. Hold a job in Virginia


Persons CANNOT register to vote in Virginia –A. In person at the registrar’s officeB. In person at the Division of Motor VehiclesC. By telephoneD. By mail application


C. By telephone


What is a basic responsibility of citizenship?A. VotingB. Obeying the lawC. LobbyingD. Expressing


A. Voting


Why have campaign finance laws been reformed?A. Charities donate to their favorite candidatesB. Rising costs limit who can afford to run for officeC. Individuals refused to donate moneyD. Candidates could not afford the application fee


B. Rising costs limit who can afford to run for office


Voter participation is usually greatest in -- A. Local electionsB. State electionsC. Congressional electionsD. Presidential elections


D. Presidential elections


Rising campaign costs encouraged the development of what?A. Third partiesB. Political action committeesC. Nationwide boycotts of electionsD. Low income candidates seeking office


B. Political action committees


In the electoral college process, the slate of electors for each state is chosen by what? A. Poplar voteB. Number of cities in the stateC. State’s Congressional representationD. Is the same for every state


A. Poplar vote


Which is NOT a similarity between political parties? A. Both organize to win electionsB. Both influence public policiesC. Both develop the same platformsD. Both define themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to center


C. Both develop same platforms


Which of the following is true of third parties? A. They introduce new ideas or press for a particular issueB. They appeal to all votersC. They never have extremist ideasD. They win a majority of elections, because they involve a political personality


A. They introduce new ideas and press for a particular issue


Which of the following is NOT a strategy informed citizens use to make choices in elections? A. Identifying propagandaB. Evaluating sourcesC. Confusing fact with opinionD. Detecting bias


C. Confusing fact with opinion


What group influences elections by identifying candidates, writing editorials, creating political cartoons and broadcasting different points of view?A. citizensB. lobbyistsC. Political action committeesD. mass media


D. Mass media


All of the following are ways the media plays an important role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Focusing public attention on selected issuesB. Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicatedC. Holding government officials accountable to the publicD. Gathering petitions


D. Gathering petitions


The United States economy is a -- ? A. Mixed economyB. Command economyC. Government controlled economyD. Traditional economy


A. Mixed economy


A command economy is one that –A. Has central ownership of property and resourcesB. Is the most common economic system todayC. Has a greater government role than in a free market economyD. Has private ownership of property and resources


A. Has central ownership of property and resources


In a mixed economy the government -- A. Makes decisions for the public sectorB. Adjusts supply and demandC. Limits individual choiceD. Centrally plans the economy


D. Centrally plans the economy


The most common economic system today is –A. Central ownershipB. Mixed economyC. Command economyD. Free market


B. Mixed economy


The following are characteristics of the United States economy EXCEPT: A. Free marketB. Private partyC. profitD. Central ownership


D. Central ownership


What economic system is based on private ownership of property, profit and individual choice? A. traditionalB. free marketC. commandD. subsistence


B. Free market


What is given up when a choice is made---the highest valued alternative forgone? A. Opportunity costB. Price C. CompetitionD. Demand


A. Opportunity Cost


What are things that incite or motivate and are used to change economic behavior? A. competitionB. incentivesC. marketsD. costs


B. incentives


What is the combining of human, natural, capital and entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?A. consumptionB. productionC. regulationD. promotion


B. promotion


All of the following are resources EXCEPT: A. naturalB. entrepreneurshipC. capitalD. Supply and demand


D. Supply and demand


What is the using of goods and services? A. ConsumptionB. ProductionC. RegulationD. Promotion


A. Consumption


What consists of earnings after all expenses have been paid? A. profitB. CompetitionC. priceD. Consumer soverignty


A. profit


Consumers determine through purchases what goods and services will be produced. This is –A. Consumer sovereigntyB. Supply and demandC. Economic flowD. Financial capital


A. Consumer sovereignty


What is rivalry between producers and sellers of a good or service resulting in better quality of goods and services at a lower price?A. partnershipB. corporationC. competitionD. lobbying


C. competition


What is the amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at a certain price? A. demandB. supplyC. priceD. profit


A. demand


What is the amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to sell at a certain price? A. demandB. supplyC. priceD. profit


B. supply


Why must individuals choose/make decisions about desired goods and services? A. Because they are sufficientB. Because they are limitedC. Because they are marketableD. Because they are plentiful


B. Because they are limited


Available resources and consumer preferences determine what is A. consumedB. producedC. promotedD. regulated


B. produced


Consumer preferences and price determine what is A. consumedB. producedC. purchasedD. regulated


C. purchased


Private financial institutions encourage saving and investing by --A. Paying interest on depositsB. Offering credit cardsC. Charging monthly feesD. Providing loans


A. Paying interest on deposits


What promotes and regulates competition? A. Credit unionsB. governmentC. Securities brokeragesD. individuals


B. government


What is a form of business organization with one owner who takes all the risks and all the profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


B. proprietorship


What is a form of business organization with two or more owners who share the risks and the profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


A. partnership


What is a form of business organization that is authorized by law to act as a legal person regardless of the number of owners and where owners share profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


D. Corporation


Who can take risk to produce goods and services in search of profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


C. entrepreneur


Who buys resources, makes products that are sold to individuals, other businesses and the government, and used the profits to buy more resources?A. Businesses (producers)B. servicesC. goodsD. Individuals (households)


A. Businesses (producers)


Who owns the resources used in production, sells the resources and uses the income to purchase products?A. Businesses (producers)B. servicesC. goodsD. Individuals (households)


D. Individuals (households)


The government uses legislation to discourage monopolies in order to –A. Promote competitionB. Trade globallyC. Limit competitionD. Encourage investments


A. Promote competition


The government regulates business by using agencies to oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:A. FCCB. EPAC. FTCD. CIA


D. CIA


What does EPA stand for?


Environment Protection Agency


What does FCC stand for?


Federal Communications Commission


What does FTC stand for?


Federal Trade Commission


Interstate highways, postal service and national defense are all examples ofA. Supply and demandB. Public goods and servicesC. Economic activityD. businesses


B. Public goods and services


Banks, savings and loans, credit unions and securities brokerages are all examples of aA. Private financial instituteB. governmentC. Consumer sovereigntyD. Public good and service


A. Private financial institute


Private financial institutes receive deposits and make –A. loansB. paymentsC. goodsD. services


A. loans


What determines price?A. Interaction of supply and demandB. Who acquires goods and servicesC. The value of what is given upD. Resources available


A. Interaction of supply and demand


What does price determine?A. Interaction of supply and demandB. Who acquires goods and servicesC. The value of what is given upD. Resources available


B. Who acquires goods and services


Which is NOT a type of business ownership?A. partnershipB. corporationC. proprietorshipD. entrepreneurs


D. entrepreneurs


Who plays an important role in all three business organizations?A. partnershipB. corporationC. proprietorshipD. entrepreneurs


D. entrepreneurs


What is selecting an item or action from a set of possible alternatives?A. choiceB. incentiveC. priceD. demand


A. choice


What is the amount of money exchanged for a good or service?A. choiceB. incentiveC. priceD. demand


C. price


Name the economy where markets are allowed to operate without undue interference from the government.A. enterpriseB. Free marketC. Mixed economyD. Command economy


B. Free market


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