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3 rd 9-weeks. Elections, Parties, and Pressure CE.5 a-f CE.7 c-d. American Free Market System CE.9 a-c CE.10 a-c CE.11 a. What term means seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill? A. Participating B. Joining C. Lobbying D. Expressing. C. Lobbying.

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3 rd 9 weeks
3rd 9-weeks


Elections parties and pressure ce 5 a f ce 7 c d
Elections, Parties, and PressureCE.5 a-fCE.7 c-d

American Free Market SystemCE.9 a-cCE.10 a-cCE.11 a


What term means seeking to influence legislators to introduce or vote for or against a bill? A. ParticipatingB. JoiningC. LobbyingD. Expressing


C lobbying
C. Lobbying introduce or vote for or against a bill?


The requirements for a majority vote to win in the electoral college favors a -- ? A. Two-party systemB. Multi-party systemC. One-party systemD. The most experienced candidate


A two party system
A. Two-party system college favors a -- ?


All of the following are ways interest groups influence public policy EXCEPT: A. Identifying issuesB. Making political contributionsC. VotingD. Lobbying government officials


C voting
C. Voting public policy EXCEPT:


Individuals can express opinions in influencing public policy by doing all of the following EXCEPT:A. LobbyingB. Demonstrating C. Sharing controlD. Writing letters


C sharing control
C. Sharing control policy by doing all of the following EXCEPT:


Which of the following is NOT a function of political parties? A. Monitors the actions of officeholders B. Educating the electorate about campaign issuesC. Paying people to vote for a particular candidateD. Help candidates win elections



What type of system characterizes the American political process? A. One-party systemB. Two-party systemC. Multi-party systemD. The most experienced candidate



What is required before a citizen may vote? process? A. Voter registrationB. 15 years of age by day of general electionC. LobbyingD. Expressing an interest



All of the following are qualifications to register and vote in Virginia EXCEPT: A. Citizen of the United StatesB. Resident of Virginia and precinctC. Hold a job in VirginiaD. 18 years of age by day of general election


C hold a job in virginia
C. Hold a job in Virginia in Virginia EXCEPT:


Persons CANNOT register to vote in Virginia – in Virginia EXCEPT: A. In person at the registrar’s officeB. In person at the Division of Motor VehiclesC. By telephoneD. By mail application


C by telephone
C. By telephone in Virginia EXCEPT:


What is a basic responsibility of citizenship? in Virginia EXCEPT: A. VotingB. Obeying the lawC. LobbyingD. Expressing


A voting
A. Voting in Virginia EXCEPT:


Why have campaign finance laws been reformed? in Virginia EXCEPT: A. Charities donate to their favorite candidatesB. Rising costs limit who can afford to run for officeC. Individuals refused to donate moneyD. Candidates could not afford the application fee



Voter participation is usually greatest in -- in Virginia EXCEPT: A. Local electionsB. State electionsC. Congressional electionsD. Presidential elections


D presidential elections
D. Presidential elections in Virginia EXCEPT:


Rising campaign costs encouraged the development of what? in Virginia EXCEPT: A. Third partiesB. Political action committeesC. Nationwide boycotts of electionsD. Low income candidates seeking office


B political action committees
B. Political action committees in Virginia EXCEPT:


In the electoral college process, the slate of electors for each state is chosen by what? A. Poplar voteB. Number of cities in the stateC. State’s Congressional representationD. Is the same for every state


A poplar vote
A. Poplar vote each state is chosen by what?


Which is NOT a similarity between political parties? each state is chosen by what? A. Both organize to win electionsB. Both influence public policiesC. Both develop the same platformsD. Both define themselves in a way that wins majority support by appealing to center


C both develop same platforms
C. Both develop same platforms each state is chosen by what?


Which of the following is true of third parties? each state is chosen by what? A. They introduce new ideas or press for a particular issueB. They appeal to all votersC. They never have extremist ideasD. They win a majority of elections, because they involve a political personality



Which of the following is NOT a strategy informed citizens use to make choices in elections? A. Identifying propagandaB. Evaluating sourcesC. Confusing fact with opinionD. Detecting bias


C confusing fact with opinion
C. Confusing fact with opinion use to make choices in elections?


What group influences elections by identifying candidates, writing editorials, creating political cartoons and broadcasting different points of view?A. citizensB. lobbyistsC. Political action committeesD. mass media


D mass media
D. Mass media writing editorials, creating political cartoons and broadcasting different points of view?


All of the following are ways the media plays an important role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Focusing public attention on selected issuesB. Offering a forum in which opposing viewpoints are communicatedC. Holding government officials accountable to the publicD. Gathering petitions


D gathering petitions
D. Gathering petitions role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:


The United States economy is a -- ? role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Mixed economyB. Command economyC. Government controlled economyD. Traditional economy


A mixed economy
A. Mixed economy role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:


A command economy is one that – role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Has central ownership of property and resourcesB. Is the most common economic system todayC. Has a greater government role than in a free market economyD. Has private ownership of property and resources


A has central ownership of property and resources
A. Has central ownership of property and resources role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:


In a mixed economy the government -- role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Makes decisions for the public sectorB. Adjusts supply and demandC. Limits individual choiceD. Centrally plans the economy


D centrally plans the economy
D. Centrally plans the economy role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:


The most common economic system today is – role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:A. Central ownershipB. Mixed economyC. Command economyD. Free market


B mixed economy
B. Mixed economy role in setting the public agenda EXCEPT:


The following are characteristics of the United States economy EXCEPT: A. Free marketB. Private partyC. profitD. Central ownership


D central ownership
D. Central ownership economy EXCEPT:


What economic system is based on private ownership of property, profit and individual choice? A. traditionalB. free marketC. commandD. subsistence


B free market
B. Free market property, profit and individual choice?


What is given up when a choice is made---the highest valued alternative forgone? A. Opportunity costB. Price C. CompetitionD. Demand


A opportunity cost
A. Opportunity Cost alternative forgone?


What are things that incite or motivate and are used to change economic behavior? A. competitionB. incentivesC. marketsD. costs


B incentives
B. incentives change economic behavior?


What is the combining of human, natural, capital and entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?A. consumptionB. productionC. regulationD. promotion


B promotion
B. promotion entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?


All of the following are resources EXCEPT: entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?A. naturalB. entrepreneurshipC. capitalD. Supply and demand


D supply and demand
D. Supply and demand entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?


What is the using of goods and services? entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?A. ConsumptionB. ProductionC. RegulationD. Promotion


A consumption
A. Consumption entrepreneurship resources to make goods or provide services?


What consists of earnings after all expenses have been paid? A. profitB. CompetitionC. priceD. Consumer soverignty



Consumers determine through purchases what goods and services will be produced. This is –A. Consumer sovereigntyB. Supply and demandC. Economic flowD. Financial capital


A consumer sovereignty
A. Consumer sovereignty services will be produced. This is –


What is rivalry between producers and sellers of a good or service resulting in better quality of goods and services at a lower price?A. partnershipB. corporationC. competitionD. lobbying


C competition
C. competition service resulting in better quality of goods and services at a lower price?


What is the amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at a certain price? A. demandB. supplyC. priceD. profit


A demand
A. demand willing and able to


What is the amount of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to sell at a certain price? A. demandB. supplyC. priceD. profit


B supply
B. supply willing and able to


Why must individuals choose/make decisions about desired goods and services? A. Because they are sufficientB. Because they are limitedC. Because they are marketableD. Because they are plentiful


B because they are limited
B. Because they are limited goods and services?


Available resources and consumer preferences determine what is A. consumedB. producedC. promotedD. regulated



Consumer preferences and price determine what is is A. consumedB. producedC. purchasedD. regulated



Private financial institutions encourage saving and investing by --A. Paying interest on depositsB. Offering credit cardsC. Charging monthly feesD. Providing loans



What promotes and regulates competition? investing by --A. Credit unionsB. governmentC. Securities brokeragesD. individuals


B government
B. government investing by --


What is a form of business organization with one owner who takes all the risks and all the profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


B proprietorship
B. proprietorship takes all the risks and all the profits?


What is a form of business organization with two or more owners who share the risks and the profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


A partnership
A. partnership owners who share the risks and the profits?


What is a form of business organization that is authorized by law to act as a legal person regardless of the number of owners and where owners share profits?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


D corporation
D. Corporation by law to act as a legal person regardless of the number of owners and where owners share profits?


Who can take risk to produce goods and services in search of profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?A. partnershipB. proprietorshipC. entrepreneurD. corporation


C entrepreneur
C. entrepreneur profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?


Who profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?buys resources, makes products that are sold to individuals, other businesses and the government, and used the profits to buy more resources?A. Businesses (producers)B. servicesC. goodsD. Individuals (households)


A businesses producers
A. Businesses (producers) profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?


Who profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?owns the resources used in production, sells the resources and uses the income to purchase products?A. Businesses (producers)B. servicesC. goodsD. Individuals (households)


D individuals households
D. Individuals (households) profit and may establish any one of the three types of business structures?


The government uses legislation to discourage monopolies in order to –A. Promote competitionB. Trade globallyC. Limit competitionD. Encourage investments



The government regulates business by using agencies to oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:A. FCCB. EPAC. FTCD. CIA


D cia
D. CIA oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


What does EPA stand for? oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


Environment protection agency
Environment Protection Agency oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


What does FCC stand for? oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


Federal communications commission
Federal Communications Commission oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


What does FTC stand for? oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


Federal trade commission
Federal Trade Commission oversee business practices. All of the following are agencies EXCEPT:


Interstate highways, postal service and national defense are all examples ofA. Supply and demandB. Public goods and servicesC. Economic activityD. businesses



Banks, savings and loans, credit unions and securities brokerages are all examples of aA. Private financial instituteB. governmentC. Consumer sovereigntyD. Public good and service


A private financial institute
A. Private financial institute brokerages are all examples of a


Private financial institutes receive deposits and make – brokerages are all examples of aA. loansB. paymentsC. goodsD. services


A loans
A. loans brokerages are all examples of a


What determines price? brokerages are all examples of aA. Interaction of supply and demandB. Who acquires goods and servicesC. The value of what is given upD. Resources available


A interaction of supply and demand
A. Interaction of supply and demand brokerages are all examples of a


What does price determine? brokerages are all examples of aA. Interaction of supply and demandB. Who acquires goods and servicesC. The value of what is given upD. Resources available


B who acquires goods and services
B. Who acquires goods and services brokerages are all examples of a


Which is NOT a type of business ownership? brokerages are all examples of aA. partnershipB. corporationC. proprietorshipD. entrepreneurs


D entrepreneurs
D. entrepreneurs brokerages are all examples of a


Who plays an important role in all three business organizations?A. partnershipB. corporationC. proprietorshipD. entrepreneurs


D entrepreneurs1
D. entrepreneurs organizations?


What is selecting an item or action from a set of possible alternatives?A. choiceB. incentiveC. priceD. demand


A choice
A. choice alternatives?


What is the amount of money exchanged for a good or service? alternatives?A. choiceB. incentiveC. priceD. demand


C price
C. price alternatives?


Name the economy where markets are allowed to operate without undue interference from the government.A. enterpriseB. Free marketC. Mixed economyD. Command economy


B free market1
B. Free market without undue interference from the government.


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