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Ergonomics. Applications for Ergonomics. Manufac-turing. Home & Leisure. Manufacturing. Service. Office. Safety, Quality, & Efficiency. Principles of Ergonomics. Principle 1. Work in Neutral Postures. Maintain the “S-Curve” of the Spine. The Neck. Keep Elbows in and Shoulders Relaxed.

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Presentation Transcript
applications for ergonomics
Applications for Ergonomics

Manufac-turing

Home & Leisure

Manufacturing

Service

Office

summary neutral postures
Summary — Neutral Postures

Neck straight

Shoulders relaxed

Elbows at sides

Wrists in neutral

Back with S-curve

point
Point:
  • To work smarter, work in neutral postures
  • Evaluate and modify:
    • work method
    • tools
    • workstation design
point1
Point:
  • Think of what you do.
  • Think of ways to reduce excessive force.
  • Thousands of ways, only some examples here.
height elbow drawing
Height elbow drawing

Most work at

elbow height

(sitting or standing)

height elbow hi lo drawing
Height elbow hi/lo drawing

Exceptions:

Heavy = lower

Precision = higher

slide40

Before

After

vibration
Vibration

Dampening Material

summary
Summary
  • Posture
  • Force
  • Reach
  • Heights
  • Motions
  • Static load
  • Pressure points
  • Clearance
  • Stretch & exercise
  • Environment
cumulative trauma disorders ctds

Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs)

“Wear and tear” that accumulates thru time

symptoms
Symptoms
  • Soreness, pain, discomfort
  • Numbness or burning
  • “Pins and needles”
  • Limited range of motion
  • Weakness and clumsiness
basic message to everyone
Basic Message to Everyone:

If you think you may have a problem

Get it checked out

risk factors for ctds
Risk Factors for CTDs

(Tasks)

  • Awkward Postures
  • Force
  • Repetitive Motions
  • Static Load
  • Pressure Points
  • Vibration
  • Temperature Extremes
risk factors for ctds1
Risk Factors for CTDs

(Personal)

  • Physical Condition
  • Diseases and Conditions
prevention
Prevention
  • Apply what you learn here
what you can do
What You Can Do
  • Request help for any problems
  • Be willing to try new methods
  • Know what’s adjustable
  • Get it checked out
  • Exercise and keep in shape
  • Think about off-the-job activities
  • Learn more about ergonomics
activities at this site
Activities at This Site
  • TeamErgo
  • Surveys
  • Plans
  • etc
ad