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Lec. 8 (Seminar on “Sharing Experience on Nuclear Power for Development” in Vietnam). Experience of Fukui Prefectural Government in Hosting Nuclear Power Station and Development of Local Community. Takahama Power Station. Tsuruga Power Station. Monju. Ohi Power Station.

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Mihama power station

Lec. 8

(Seminar on “Sharing Experience on Nuclear Power for Development” in Vietnam)

Experience of Fukui Prefectural Government

in Hosting Nuclear Power Station

and Development of Local Community

Takahama Power Station

Tsuruga Power Station

Monju

Ohi Power Station

Mihama Power Station

January 24, 2013

Hiroyuki IWANAGA, Executive Director, Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center


Mihama power station

Access

From Tokyo to Tsuruga

 ◆Train(about 3 hours)

Tokyo~Maibara:‘Shinkansen’

Maibara~Tsuruga: JR limited express

 ◆Airplane(about 3 hours)

Haneda~Komatsu: Airplane

Komatsu~Tsuruga: JR limited express

From Osakaor Nagoyato Tsuruga

 ◆JR limited express(about 2 hours)

From Kyoto to Tsuruga

 ◆JR limited express(about 1hour)

Tsuruga

2


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Fukui Prefecture

○Area4,189.54 K㎡

○Population 800,409 People

○PerCapitaIncome

2,663 thousand yen

○GrossPrefectural Product

31,132 hundred million yen

Awara City

Eiheiji Town

Sakai City

Katsuyama

City

Fukui City

Echizen

Town

Ono City

Ikeda

Town

Echizen City

Minami Echizen Town

Tsuruga City

Mihama

Town

Takahama

Town

Obama City

WakasaTown

Ohi Town

3


Mihama power station

  • Contents

  • 1.Fukui Prefecture’s Nuclear Power

  • 2.Three Nuclear Principles in Fukui Prefecture

    • 1)Ensuring the safety of nuclear power stations

    • 2)Local residents’ understanding and consent

    • 3)Subsidy system for attaining permanent welfare

  • Fukui Prefecture’s Correspondence based on the Fukushima Daiichi NPS Accident

4


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1. Fukui Prefecture’s Nuclear Power

Fifty-years History as the Nuclear Power Station Siting Prefecture Generating Highest Amount Electricity in Japan

5


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Historical overview of Nuclear Energy in Fukui

Initial phase (1967 - )

Residents has 'exceeded expectations' for regional development with the use of Nuclear energy and the prefecture and local municipalities campaign to host the Nuclear Power Plants.

Operational phase (1970 - )

The interplay of hope and fear (The first nuclear-generated power from Mihama Unit No.1 was sent to the site of the EXPO '70 exhibition in Osaka or the other hand, a rash of events at nuclear power plants including radioactive releases threatened people.)

9NPPs (1975 - )

New plant construction plan at the existing site and new sites has moved forwarded. Meanwhile, Public fear and distrust increased due to TMI accidents and other domestic and overseas nuclear events.

15 NPPs (1985 - )

“Oil crisis” led to a renewed interest in nuclear and a decision was made to construct new plants at the existing site and a research reactor “Monju”. - Decommission(A prototype nuclear reactor “Fugen” has shut down permanently in 2003.)

New phase

The Fukushima nuclear accident has major impact on some issues about restarting the nuclear power plant after regular inspections, operational duration of aging plant over 40 years and replacement of plant.


Mihama power station

Nuclear Power Plants in Fukui

Japan Atomic Energy Agency

The Kansai Electric Power Co.

FBR Monju

Mihama

The Japan Atomic Power Co.

Tsuruga

◎ Fukui

The Kansai Electric Power Co.

Ohi

Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Fugen

North region

The Kansai Electric Power Co.

Takahama

Tsuruga◎

Operational

South region

Under construction

◎ Obama

Preparing for construction

Permanent shut down

Wakasa-wan Energy Research Center

7


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  • Fukui prefecture:

  • - Advanced prefecture with a long-established history (40 years) of

  • operating different models of reactors

  • - Biggest supplier of electricity in Japanwith 13 commercial reactors

  • Supplies half of the electric power to the Kansai region where major cities

  • like Osaka and Kyoto are located

 Commercial: In operation1311.285 million kW

In planning phase 23.076 million kW (Under examination for safety)

For research: Fugen 10.156 million kW (Being decommissioned)

Monju1 0.28 million kW (Being given trial run)

 Reactor type: Light-water reactor (PWR)1210.928 million kW

Advanced light-water (APWR) 23.076 million kW (Under examination for safety)

Light-water reactor (BWR) 10.357 million kW

Heavy-water reactor (ATR) 10.156 million kW (Being decommissioned)

Fast-breeder reactor (FBR) 10.280 million kW (Being given trial run)

 Power generation: 73.3 billion kWh (2010) Equivalent to about one fourth of nuclear power generation in Japan(Capacity factor: 74%)

 Power generated during 40-year period:2.1423 trillion kWh

8


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2. “Three Nuclear Principles”

in Fukui Prefecture

Basic Principle on Implementing Nuclear Policy

9


Fukui s nuclear policy

Fukui’s Nuclear Policy

  • In Japan, the national government has all kinds of authority and responsibility for controlling the safety of nuclear power stations.

  • Fukui Prefecture has been implementing nuclear policy based on “Three Nuclear Principles” aiming at ensuring the safety, health, and welfare of its residents.

  • Three Nuclear Principles

    • 1)Ensuring safety

    • 2)Receiving local residents’ understanding & consent

    • 3)Bringing permanent welfare to the prefecture

10


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“First Principle" Ensuring Safety

To protect the safety and health of its residents, Fukui Prefecture takes “safety measures,” such as signing a safety agreement, monitoring the neighboring environment, and enhancing atomic disaster prevention.

Signing a safety agreement

Monitoring the neighboring environment

Enhancing atomic disaster prevention

11


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What is a Safety Agreement?

Compliance with relevant rules and regulations

Compliance with relevant regulations and implementation of the safety agreement for securing safety

Prior permission of plans

Any major change to a plan, such as new power plants, modifications, use of new fuels, and storage of nuclear fuel materials, must be approved by municipalities.

Notification during normal operation

Maintenance and operating status, regular inspection, fuel transportation, nuclear waste, and exposure level status

Notification in the event of an accident

Emergency occurrence, unplanned reactor shutdown,

power plant failure

On-site inspection

On-site inspections will be conducted at the power plants if the

safety ofthe surrounding environment and employees needs to be ensured.

Request for proper measures

Request for proper measures such as restrictions on reactor facilities including reactor shutdown

On-site inspection of Monju concerning sodium leakage Dec. 8, 1999

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Response to accidents and breakdowns by the Fukui prefectural government

Occurrence of accidents and breakdowns

1)Recognize the phenomenon

2)Confirm the safety of the surroundings

3)Grasp past examples

Receive the first report

Radiation leakage to a general drainage channel at Tsuruga Reactor No.1 in April 1981

Abnormal phenomena, based on the safety agreement

10 cases in 2011

Determine announcement to the outside

Determine the announcement time

1)Report to persons of a higher rank

2)Coordinate with related organizations

3)Confirm the safety of the surroundings

4)Write an announcement and draw figures announced

5)Grasp all the facts

INES standards

Level 0: 1 case

Others: Outside the evaluation

Express so that prefectural citizens (the press) can understand correctly

The prefectural government gave explanation to the prefectural government reporter club

(The business gave explanation to the local reporter club)

13

13


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Sodium Leak from Monju in December 1995

The accident occurred on the day the national government informed the prefectural assembly of the discontinuance of ATR development. All the members of the division worked overtime.

After receiving the first report, two staff members were sent to the atomic site.

The leading members of PNC were thunderstruckby the news of a fire caused by the sodium leakage!

There was no company-wide talk about how to disclose information and to recover its credibility.

Lessons from problems (hidden information) in Mihama and Tsuruga were not reflected in the accident!

On-site survey (by the Fukui and Tsuruga governments)

Why did ten years pass until the start of modification?

Providing the outside with no correct information significantly changed the nature of the accident.  The national and prefectural people got suspicious of the operator!

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A Pipe was Broken in the Secondary System of the Mihama Reactor No. 3 in August 2004

The accident occurred right after heavy rain in Fukui and when attention was paid to therisk management system of the prefecture.

After receiving the first report, the prefectural governor made a request (governor’s initiative) for sending doctors and for mobilizing a disaster prevention helicopter.

To inspect the pipes of the secondary system, the governor asked the operator to stop the plant step by step.

The governor asked the national government and operator to reinforce measures against aging.

Requirements for safety assurance were added to the safety agreement, such as a “request for stopping the operation of a power plant” and “ensuring the safety of persons working for power plants.”

The governor strengthened the operation monitoring system of the prefecture.

Request to Nakagawa, the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry on the day following the accident

Fukui Nuclear Safety Committee (from 2004)

15

Broken part of the pipe


Mihama power station

Circumference Environmental Monitoring

Environmental Radiation Monitoring System

of Fukui Prefecture

200 meetings over 40 years

Fukui Environmental Radiation Measurement Technology Conference (formed in 1969)

External evaluation (experts)

Prefecture’s monitoring

Operator’s monitoring

Planning, monitoring, & evaluation

(Plans and quarterly and annually reports)

Fukui Nuclear Safety Committee

Evaluation and check

Fukui Nuclear Environmental Safety Control Conference

(Representatives of residents and various groups)

Held quarterly

Confirmation

Via the Internet and News about Environmental Radiation

Announcement

16


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Environmental Radiation

Research and Monitoring Center

(Tsuruga City, Fukui)

  • Fukui environmental radiation monitoring telemeter system

  •  Monitoring in emergency

17


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Fukui Analytical Office

(Fukui City, Fukui)

  • Analyzing radiation from environmental samples

  • This office investigates a variety of samples, such as food and drink (water, crops, and seafood) and environmental substances (dust suspended in the air, atmospheric moisture, rainwater, soil, indicator plants including pine needles and mugworts, seawater, sea grasses, and sea-bottom soil).

  • Measuring spatial radiation

    • A monitoring car measures radiation at emergency points around the power plants.

    • Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs) are installed in 52 different places in the prefecture to measure the total dose.

    • The office makes a survey of natural radiation levels in Fukui Prefecture.

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“Second Principle”

Receiving Local Residents’ Understanding & Consent

For local residents’ understanding and consent, Fukui Prefecture make efforts to receive an agreement from its residents by checking opinions from the heads of the atomic municipalities and the prefectural and municipal assemblies, holding a meeting with representatives of every field and class, and enhancing atomic public relations.

Checking opinions from the heads of the atomic municipalities and the prefectural and municipal assemblies

Holding a meeting with representatives of every field and class

Enhancing atomic public relations.

19


Mihama power station

Enhancement of Atomic Public Relations

Public Relations Activities of the Fukui Atomic Information Center

FoundationApril 1972

MissionContribute to the formation of bright cultural society by positively disseminating knowledge of the peaceful use of nuclear power to citizens and raising their awareness of the peaceful use

ActivitiesMaintain and manage the Atomic Energy Science Museum, “At Home”, where people can learn about energy and nuclear power through experience

  • Produce and publish PR materials concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power

  • Hold exhibitions, experience classes, and experience events concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power

  • Hold lectures, seminars, and lecture meetings concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power

  • Support for and guidance on studytours to nuclear and nuclear-related facilities

  • Collect and exhibit materials concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power and other related activities

    Operating costsBorne by the Fukui prefectural government, four municipal governments, which have nuclear power stations, and four electricity businesses in the prefecture

20


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Fukui Atomic Energy Science Museum ‘At Home’

Location

Yoshiko,Tsuruga City,

Fukui Prefecture

Open

October in 1976

Staff

8 staff

Admission Fee

Free

Closed

29th December to

3rd January

21


No of visitors

No. of Visitors

FY2011127,100

FY2010142,018

FY2009142,001

FY2011

FY2010

FY2009

* Generally, many families and elementary school children visit the center.

22


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Hands-on Exhibits

Visitors can enjoy learning related to Energy and Nuclear Power with the feeling of Amusement Park.

Exhibit which can be learned the mechanism of nuclear power generation

Exhibit which can be learned the mechanism of uranium

nuclear fission

23


Mihama power station

Visual Attraction in the Theater

・The visual system which has large-sized screens and 50 personal computers.

・Learning knowledge about energy and nuclear power through challenging quizzes.

24


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Holding of Experience Class

Holding Experience Classes regarding Nuclear Power and Energy

Making ‘Fog Chamber’ for observing radiation

Experience of human power generation

25


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Issue of Nuclear Public Relations Magazines

Issuing Nuclear Public Relations Magazines on commisioned work from Fukui prefecture

Circulation

100,000 copies

Delivering Areas

(Ten Municipalities)

Tsuruga city/Obama City/

Echizen City/

Mihama Town/

Takahama Town/Oi Town/

Wakasa Town/

Minami-Echizen Town/

Echizen Town/Ikeda Town

Contains articles on the challenges of nuclear power generation faced by Fukui and operating status of nuclear power stations in Fukui.

Contents

26


Mihama power station

“Third Principle”

Bringing Permanent Welfare to the Prefecture

To attain permanent welfare in the prefecture, Fukui Prefecture develops the atomic area by using a subsidy system for constructing power plants and collecting taxes, including a nuclear fuel tax. In addition, it implements an energy research and development centralization plan.

Constructing social infrastructure by tax revenues, such as subsidies for power plants and a nuclear fuel tax

Implementing an energy research and development centralization plan

27


Mihama power station

Infrastructure Improvement by Tax Revenue, such as Subsidy System depending on Siting NPP, Nuclear Fuel Tax

28


Mihama power station

Constructing a Nuclear Power Plant and Developing its Region

Power supply

Transmission

Electric power company

Electric charge

Rise in employment rate by power plant construction and operation

Power source development tax

Order to local companies and invitation of relevant firms

Fixed property and nuclear fuel taxes

National government

Social infrastructure development

Regional development

Subsidies as per three power development laws

Rise in financial power

Preparation of industrial parks

Municipalities in question

Prefectural government

29


Examples of the recent use of subsidies granted to fukui prefecture

Examples of the Recent Use of Subsidies Granted to Fukui Prefecture

Project for developing a public center for children and families

Project for supporting the Obama Municipal Hospital’s function of emergency medical treatment and health examination

Project for developing an industrial park in Tsuruga City

Project for running “Fukui Science School”

Project for promoting local activities through child rearing meisters

Project for promoting return to Fukui for finding a job

30


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Promoting of Energy Research and Development Centralization Project

- The national and regional governments, electric power companies, and universities taking local development measures as one -

31


Mihama power station

What is the Energy R&D Centralization Project?

  • ○Fukui is one of the leading energy supply bases in Japan.

  • ○Many diverse nuclear reactors are located here.

  • ○Research institutes and institutions for human resource

  • development also exist.

Not to be mere electricity “production plants”

but to make the best use of Fukui Prefecture’s features

The Energy R&D Centralization Plan is designed to effect Fukui Prefecture’s transformation into a region with comprehensive R&D facilities that focus on nuclear power.

32


Mihama power station

Implement System for the Energy R&D Centralization Project

Council on the Promotion of Energy R&D Centralization

The “Council on the Promotion of Energy R&D Centralization” consists of top-level representatives of industry, business, academia and research institutes, the national government, Fukui Prefectural Government, and municipal governments. The council meets every year to fulfill the Centralization Plan steadily and smoothly.

At the council, the contents of measures are coordinated and promotion policies for the next year are determined.

Project Office of Energy R&D Centralization

The “Project Office of Energy R&D Centralization" was established at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center as the promotion engine for the fulfillment of the Energy R&D Centralization Plan.

The project office is responsible for collaboration among academia, industry and government, technological support/consultations, and human resource development/exchange.

33


Mihama power station

Goals of the Energy R&D Centralization Project

Accumulation of international research functions

  • Promotion of international research by accumulating research institutes and other facilities

  • Establishment of a center for exchange where exceptional researchers from Japan and overseas can gather together to share ideas

Contribution to safe technology and human resource development in Asia

  • Preparation of an environment conducive to human resource development founded on partnerships among universities and other organizations

  • International contributions through the acceptance of trainees from overseas, particularly Asia

Contribution to local industry

  • Development of local industry by transferring nuclear technologies and assisting in decommissioning

  • Growth and development of corporations in the nuclear power and energy industries

34


Mihama power station

System of Measures for the Energy R&D Centralization Project

(determined before the Fukushima accident occurred)

Universities and research institutes in Fukui and the Kansai & Chukyo areas

Basic Measures

The US, European & Asian nations, IAEA, etc.

Accumulation of technologies

Accumulation of human resources (knowledge)

Local companies

NPPs Operators and Manufacturers

Ensuring Safety and Security

(1) Research systems for long-term use

(2) Organize local primary medical system

(3) Build research and treatment facilities centered on proton beam cancer treatment

Education and Exchange of HR

Priority Measures

(1) Conduct technical training aimed at the skills of engineers at companies in Fukui

Enhancement of R&D function

① The International HR Development Center for Atomic Energy

(1) FBR R&D center

(2) Systematize education of nuclear power & energy at universities in Fukui

② Build an academic hub for the wide area collaboration with universities

(2) Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center

  • Promote education of nuclear power & energy at elementary, junior high and high schools

③ Nuclear Safety Training Center

(3) New roles for the Wakasa Wan

Energy ResearchCenter

④ Applied Laser Research Center

(4) International Nuclear Information and Training Center

(4) Promote collaboration with universities and research institutes inside and outside Fukui, including the Kansai & Chukyo areas

⑤ International hub for R&D on FBR

(5) Promote internship for overseas trainees by the government

⑥ Reinan New Energy Research Center

⑦Fukui Cool-Earth Next Generation Energy

Industrialization Project

(6) Invite international conferences, etc.

⑧ Eco-Agriculture Enhancement Project

Creating and fostering of new industries

(1) Build a technology transfer system together with government industry and academia

(2) Create new industries that utilize resources from NPPs

(3) Invitation of business enterprises

35


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Ensuring Safety and Security

Improvement of the local medical system for ensuring safety

  • [Electric power businesses]

  • High-standard ambulances equipped with the latest medical instruments were deployed at each power plant. (2006)

  • The scholarship system for medical students was established by Reinan Medical Promotion Foundation (2007- )

  • Facilities for treating thermal injuries were established at Obama Municipal Hospital. (2010)

High-standard ambulance

Establishment of cancer research and treatment facilities centering on proton beamtherapy

  • [Fukui Prefectural Government]

  • Sixty-two cases of therapy research were conducted at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center, including research on therapy for prostate cancer and liver cancer.

  • Based on the results of the therapy research, the Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center was established and therapy started. (March 2011- )

Practical use of research results

36

Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center


Mihama power station

Enhancement of R&D Function

Fast Breeder Reactor R&D Center

  • [Japan Atomic Energy Agency]

    • Demonstrate the reliability of Monju as a power production plant and research the diversified use of Monju

Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center

Monju, a fast breeder reactor

  • [Japan Atomic Energy Agency]

    • Research the decommissioning of nuclear power plants by using Fugen.

Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center

  • Promote the use of radiation in medical treatment, agriculture and the environment, and the practical use and applied research of environment/energy

    • (Examples of research)

    • Development of more sophisticated therapy technology in response to the establishment of the Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center

    • Development of new varieties of vegetables grown in plant factories and research on the improvement of the functions of beneficial fungi

    • Development of laser decontamination/cutting technologies usable for the Fukushima nuclear accident and the decommissioning of nuclear power plants.

  • Support for R&D carried out by local companies using the latest analysis and evaluation technology

Fugen, an advanced converter reactor

Multipurpose synchrotron tandem accelerator

37


Mihama power station

Creating and Fostering New Industries

Establish a technology transfer system through collaboration among academia, industry and government

  • [Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center]

    • Formed a network among academia, industry and government (2005- )

    • R&D utilizing competitive funds of the national government

    • Support companies in the prefecture in their attempt to enter the nuclear industry

      • Information exchange meeting with plant manufacturers (2008-2011)

      • Exhibition and business meeting with nuclear energy-related companies (2010)

Development of Echizen paper by utilizing radiation technology

  • [Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc.]

    • Started operation of facilities for electron beam irradiation

    • (2011)

    • Improve the quality of or sterilize materials, such as fiber and plastics, by electron beam irradiation

    • Electron accelerator10 MeV

    • (The highest grade accelerator for commercial use in Japan)

Information exchange meeting with a plant manufacturer

Attract businesses

  • [Electric power businesses, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Fukui Prefectural Government, municipal governments]

    • Act together to attract businesses to Fukui Prefecture

    • Number of newly established companies: 14 (2006- )

38

Facilities for electron beam irradiation


Mihama power station

Education and Exchange of HR

Training for improving the skills of engineers belonging to companies in the prefecture

  • [Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center]

    • Training for technological improvement so that companies in the prefecture can contribute to the maintenance work of nuclear power plants. (2005- )

    • Total number of engineers who received training: About 6,000

Education on nuclear energy at universities, senior/junior high schools, and elementary schools in the prefecture

Technological training in a company in the prefecture

  • [Universities in the prefecture]

    • Improvement of the educational curriculums for nuclear energy of the University of Fukui and the Fukui University of Technology

    • Opening of Tsuruga Summer Institute on Nuclear Energy

  • [Electric power businesses, etc.]

    • Give lessons on nuclear energy at elementary schools and junior/senior high schools, and receive student study tours at their nuclear facilities

Study tour of senior high school students at nuclear-related facilities

Inviting and holding international conferences

  • Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy in Asia (June 2010)

  • The 9th APEC Energy Ministers’ Meeting Fukui (June 2010)

  • The 13th FNCA Coordinators Meeting (March 2012)

  • Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy in Asia (March 2012)

39

Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy

in Asia(March 2012)


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Introduction of

the Fukui International Human Resources Development Center (FIHRDC)


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Establishment of Fukui IHRDC

The potential of Fukui prefecture related to human resources development for atomic energy

① Various kind of nuclear power generating facilities

② Concentrated HRD Organization

③ Experience for 50years, and Accumulation of

Human Resources

  • The Fukui International Human Resources Development Center for Atomic Energy(Fukui IHRDC) was established in April 2011.

  • As the core organization of human resources development for atomic energy

  • For the purpose of using effectively the potential of Fukui prefecture

41


Mihama power station

Operational

Under planning

Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation in Fukui

①Various kind of nuclear power generating facilities

The greatest power supply area in Japan

・Amount of electric power generation

about 76.7 million MWh (2010)

・About 1/2 ofPower consumption of Kansai area

・About 1/4 of nuclear power generation in Japan

Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju

福井市

The first reactors of the following types were constructed in Fukui

・ Boiling Water Reactor (BWR)

・Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR)

・Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR)

・ Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR)

The Japan Atomic Power Company

Tsuruga Power Station

Japan Atomic Energy Agency

Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center

嶺北地方

Various status of NPPs

・ Operational (incl. Monju) 14

・ Under planning (Tsuruga3,4 ) 2

・ Decommissioning (Fugen) 1

敦賀市

Tsuruga City◎

小浜市

◎Obama City

The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc.

Mihama Power Station

Performance test

Decommissioning

The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc.

Ohi Power Station

The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc.

Takahama Power Station


Mihama power station

  • 9 Facilities related to HRD and Nuclear Energy R&D

  • 2 Facilities opened in 2012

  • 4 Off-site Centers : Tsuruga, Mihama, Ohi, Takahama

Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation in Fukui

JAEA Emergency Support Center

② Concentrated HRD Organizations

JAEA Training Center

Research Institute of Nuclear Engineering(Univ. of Fukui)(2012~)

Tsuruga Training Center (JAPC) (2012~)

Nuclear Operation Support Center (KEPCO)

Nuclear Power Training Center (KEPCO)

Mihama Off-site Center

Tsuruga Off-site Center

Ohi Off-site Center

Institute of Nuclear Safety System (INSS)

Nuclear Training Center (NTC)

WERC

Takahama Off-site Center

43


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Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation of Fukui

③ Accumulation of 50-years worth of experience and Human Resources

・Experience of introducing NPP[Senor Human resources of Electric Company]

-Human Resources Development(HRD)Method needed when NPP siting

-Troubles and Know-how experienced at NPP

・Local Public Acceptance(PA) and Communication

-Popularization of knowledge concerning atomic energy peaceful utilization

-Atomic energy education to primary school, junior and senior high school

・Safety measures and responses for troubles and local resident

-Agreement of safety

-Radiation monitoring in environment

-Information disclosure (Open to public)

・Know-how regarding symbiosis with local society

44


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Activity Development utilizing Network

FukuiInternational HRD

Network Council

Japan Nuclear HRD Network

Collaboration

Japanese government, Fukui Prefectural government, Tsuruga City, Universities, Electric Power Companies, Industrial circles, etc.

Workers and students

Researchers and research students

Fukui IHRDC

- Coordination with institutes for nuclear HRD

- Planning and implementation of training programs, etc.

Research Institute

Training Institutes

Universities in Fukui and

Kansai/Chukyo areas

International Nuclear Information & Training Center(JAEA)

WERC

Monju Fast-Breeder Reactor

University of Fukui, Fukui University of Technology, Kyoto University, Osaka University, Nagoya University, Kinki University, etc.

Nuclear Safety Training Center (JAPC)

Institute of Nuclear Safety System, etc.

Nuclear Technology and Education Center (KEPCO)

Nuclear Power Training Center, etc.

Administrative Agency

Fukui Prefectural Environmental

Radiation Research and Monitoring

Center


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Work Program of FIHRDC

International human resources development

After Fiscal 2013

Fiscal 2012

Expand project in accordance with needs in Asia and other countries adopting atomic energy programs

Activities

Expand project in conjunction with opening of nuclear Safety Training Center and Research Institute of Nuclear Engineering, University of Fukui

Activities

○Oversea training

・Reactor plant safety course

・Public acceptance course

・The training in foreign countries

・Nuclear Power Generation Safety

Bases Course

・Nuclear Energy Administration

Course

・Training for operator /

maintenance worker

○International conference

・International Meeting on

Human Resources Development

for Nuclear Energy In Asia

○Acceptance of researchers and

research students

○Oversea training

・Reactor plant safety course

・Public acceptance course

・Nuclear Power Generation Safety

Bases Course

・Nuclear Energy Administration

Course

  ・The training in foreign countries

○International conference

・International Meeting on

Human Resources Development

for Nuclear Energy In Asia

○Acceptance of researchers and

research students

Fiscal 2011 (establishment)

Implementation of training programs utilizing existing facilities

Activities

○Oversea training

・Reactor plant safety course

・Public acceptance course

  ・The training in foreign countries

○International conference

・International Meeting on

Human Resources Development

for Nuclear Energy In Asia

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Mihama power station

Introduction of Training Program (1)

〜Public Acceptance Course (outline)〜

Public Acceptance Course

Purpose:To contribute to human resources development related

to public relations in country aiming at introducing

nuclear power plants.

Invited country:Vietnam

Participants: Publicist of electric company , etc.

Number of acceptance: 10(2011 result)

Duration :1 week Frequency: 2 times / year

Discussion with local residents

Lecture by mayor of Tsuruga

Visit to Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center

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Mihama power station

Introduction of Training Program (2)

〜Public Acceptance Course (Training Contents and Comment)〜

Training Contents

①Basis of Atomic Power

This course gives trainees the knowledge of “Role of Atomic Energy Power for Secure of Sustainable Energy”, “Atomic Energy Policy in Japanese government and Fukui prefecture”, “Outline of Nuclear Power Plant” and “Outline of the Fukushima Daiichi NPS Event and Lessons learned from the Accident”.

②Coexistence between Siting Municipality and Atomic Energy

This course gives trainees the knowledge of the experience concerning coexistence with the atomic power which Tsuruga city has cultivated. And the debate with local residents on the theme of "the communities and atomic energy" is conducted

③Risk Communication

The method and concept of “Risk Communication” which is the effective technique at the time of having a dialog with a local resident are learned through international and domestic success / failure example.

④Facility Visit

The knowledge related to the atomic energy facilities is attained by the facility visit in Fukui, such as Nps, “Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center”, “Nuclear Emergency Response Operations Facility”.

Trainee’s Comment

  • It is better to reduce a lecture which learning a technical content and increase facility visit and discussion with the person who is really engaged in publicity work.

  • Because We are interested in Japanese culture, it is a chance to deepen mutual understanding if we have more opportunities to experience Japanese culture

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Mihama power station

Introductionof Training Program (3)

〜Reactor Plant Safety Course (outline)〜

Reactor Plant Safety Course

Purpose :Cultivation of administrative officers, engineers related to

nuclear reactor safety

Invited country :Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia,

Mongolia, Philippine, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka

Participants : Administrative officers, engineers, etc. who is related

to atomic energy

Number of acceptance :30 (2011 result)

Duration : 4 week Frequency: 2times/ year

Scenery of Lecture

Visit to the Tsuruga NPS unit 3, 4 under construction

Visit to the training center

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Mihama power station

Introductionof Training Program (4)

〜 Reactor Plant Safety Course (Training Contents and Comment)〜

Training Contents

①Basis of nuclear power plant safety

This course shows the fundamental agenda of NPS in each phase from location to design, construction, and

operation.

②Safety measures and evaluation

The method of safety measures and evaluation is learned using actual cases.

③Operational techniques of nuclear power plant

The method of operation control (PWR, BWR) is learned.

④Maintenance management of the reactor plant

The system and timing of the plant equipment inspection, etc. are learned

⑤Fukushima Daiichi NPS event

This course include the content about “Outline of Fukushima Daiichi NPS event”, “Technical issues and lessons learned from the accident”, “Action of IAEA” and “The debate of NPS construction plan of each country after the accident”

⑥Facility visit

The knowledge related to the atomic energy facility is attained by visiting “NPS”, “Training center”, “Nuclear Emergency Response Operations Facility”, “Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center” and so on in Fukui.

Trainee’s Comment

  • I want the panel discussion that featured the theme of PI which importance adds to more and more in each country ahead of atomic energy.

  • I want lecture to reach an examination of preservation and the inspection process that a regulation agency of Japan performs. Because information about concrete how to lead safe regulation is useful for the country of the atomic energy implementation phase.

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Introductionof Training Program (5)

〜Atomic Energy Researchers Acceptance Program〜

Atomic Energy Researchers Acceptance Program

Purpose : Contribute to peaceful use and improving safety techniques

of atomic energy, and encourage collaboration and

exchange with overseas research institute.

Country :The Asian countries which are active in peaceful use of

atomic energy and safety improvement, US, France, etc.

Participants : The researcher of the research institute, graduate

student, etc.

Acceptance institute : Research institute in Fukui such as Universities

Research implementation

Window duties of research activity

Support of a staying researcher

And so on…

FIHRDC

Participants

Acceptance institute

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3. Fukui Prefecture’s Correspondence based on the Fukushima Daiichi NPS Accident

  • 1.Gathering information on the Accident and Conducting Relief Activities

  • 2.Post-Accident Thoughts on Nuclear Power, as a Nuclear Plant Site

  • 3.Review of Regional Disaster-Prevention Plans

  • Enhancement of Public Relations

  • Correspondence for Improvement of the Energy R&D Centralization Project

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1.Gathering information on the Accident and Conducting Relief Activities

  • (1)Dispatching personnel to the Disaster Provision Main Office of Fukushima Prefecture and the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters

  • Prefecture’s personnel were sent to Disaster Provision Main Office in Fukushima and the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarter to collect information on the accident and provide support.

    • Period: March 12 to August 12

    • No. of persons: 2 to 3

  • (2)Activities in support of environmental monitoring

  • Environmental radiation monitoring was conducted by professional personnel.

    • Monitoring car

    • March 12 to July 29

    • Transportable monitoring post

    • March 13 to December 22

  • (3)Providing equipment and materials to help prevent nuclear accidents

  • Fukui’s nuclear disaster prevention equipment was provided to the Disaster Provision Main Office of Fukushima Prefecture.

    • Protective cloth and mask, pocket dosimeter, iodine preparation

    • Nal scintillation survey meter,

    • GM survey meter, air dust sampler, etc.

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2.Post-Accident Thoughts on Nuclear Power, as a Nuclear Plant Site

Considering measures such as the following to be necessary in order to improve the safety of nuclear power plants and regain the trust of residents, Fukui is asking the Japan government and power companies to carry them out.

[Measures by the national government]

Establishment of tentative safety standards for nuclear power plants, based on findings from the accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant.

Revision to guidelines against nuclear accidents, based on findings gained from evacuees, etc.

  • [Measures by power companies]

  • Management-related measures:

    • Strengthening emergency response systems, power-plant support systems, and telecommunications, etc.

  • Equipment-related measures:

    • Clear statement of practical plans for seawalls and other facilities, promptly beginning construction to strengthen external power supplies, etc.

Seawall improvements

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Deployment of power-supply cars


Mihama power station

3Review of Community Disaster Management Plan

  • Establish a study committee etc.

    • To review the Fukui Prefectural Disaster Management Plan, based on lessons

    • from the Fukushima accident

    • Establish the “Study Committee for the Chapter of Nuclear Disaster Management in the Fukui Prefectural Disaster Management Plan”

    • Establish the “Resident Evacuation Working Group” in the study committee

  • Improve the disaster management communication network (examples)

    • Put satellite telephones usable inside and outside the building in all municipal offices, off-site centers, etc. to form a nuclear disaster management network

    • Connect directly the prefectural government to the national government by an exclusive–use satellite channel

    • Design to realize triple communication means (Radio, satellites, and wire)

  • Improve the radiation monitoring system

    • Increase the number of environmental radiation measuring apparatuses (Monitoring posts)

    • Make the buildings of the observatories earthquake-proof

    • Distribute radiation doze indicators to all municipalities

    • Increase in the number of movable monitoring posts

  • Improve materials and equipment for nuclear disaster management activities

    • Additional preparation of stable iodine tablets to distribute to prefectural citizens

    • Distribute survey meters to elementary and junior high schools

    • Additional preparation of materials and equipment to distribute to disaster management workers (Municipal officials, the police, firefighters)

[Relay station of disaster management radio]

[Monitoring post]

[Survey meter]

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4.Enhancement of Public Relations

Increasing concern over nuclear generation

Increasing interest in effects of radiation

① Information corner on the Fukushima accident

② Q&A corner about radiation

③ Holding of hands-on radiation class (new)

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Mihama power station

① Information corner on the Fukushima Accident

Now showing the latest information : Fukui prefectural responding;

The electric power supplier’s measure to the Fukushima accident;

Results of radiation monitoring in Fukui prefecture.

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②Q&A corner about Radiation

Displaying of the panels of a quiz system regarding radiation and radioactivity

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③Holding of hands-on radiation class (new)

Instructors : Professor of university/Researchers of Fukui Prefectural

Environmental Radiation Research and Monitoring Center

Radiation experience class in a junior high school

Radiation seminar in a community center

【Holding Track Record from July in 2011 to the end of December in 2012】

Delivery Service : 24 times (at an elementary school , a junior high school ,

a community center , etc. ) / ‘At Home’: 281 times

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Activities needed for citizens correct understanding of nuclear power generation and radiation

Activities needed for citizens’ correct understanding of nuclear power generation and radiation

  • 1.Provide correct basic knowledge and reliable information on neutral ground

  • 2.Provide places and opportunities to learn through experience

  • 3.Communicate the efforts of the government and electricity businesses for securing safety in easy-to-understand manner

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5. Correspondence for Improvement

of the Energy R&D Centralization Project

FY2012-

Promoting the fulfillment of measures

November 2011

Determination of policies

May 31, 2011

Start of study

Council on the Promotion of Energy R&D Centralization

Promoting the fulfillment of the Energy R&D Centralization Plan

(Start of R&D and projects)

<Objective>

Based on lessons from the Fukushima nuclear accident, the centralization plan is focused on “Improvement in the functions of nuclear disaster prevention and crisis management” and “Diversification of energy sources” to ensure the safety and security of local citizens.

Advisors

<Working-level study meeting>

Study of new project plans and research themes

( Held on May 31 and Sept. 9, coordinated on Nov. 9)

Nuclear disaster prevention, crisis management

Diversification of energy sources

Disaster robots

WG

(Aug. 24, Oct. 25)

Highly functional materials against nuclear disasters

WG

(Aug. 24, Oct. 26)

Laser decontamination and demolition

WG

(Aug.,25, Oct.26)

Biomass energy

WG

(Aug.9, Nov., 4)

Small/medium hydroelectric power generation

WG

(Aug. 9, Nov. 2)

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Important Fields

Industrial Enhancement and Employment Countermeasures

in “Reinan area” of Fukui Prefecture where many NPPs locates

Shaping up Safety Measures

①Response to a Nuclear Emergency Situation

- Establishment and management of the Nuclear Emergency Support Organization

-Organization of a meeting to exchange information on technology of Rescue Robot

④Attraction of enterprise, Creation of new industries

- Attraction of the larger number of enterprises to “Reinan area” in cooperation with existing enterprises with high technical strength in this region.

- Attraction of enterprises leading to creation of new industries.

- Preparation and development of business site and assistance in the site acquisition.

- “ Eco-gardening Promotion Centralization Project “

②R&D to response to Nuclear Accident and Decommissioning

- Development of Power Assist Suite

- Development of appliances for Nuclear Emergency Response

- Development of laser technologies for Radioactive Contamination and Dismantling of a nuclear power plant

⑤Pluralistic Energy Source

- Preparation of infrastructure for LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)

- Development of a Mega Solar Power Plant

⑥Spread of Renewable Energy

- “One-Energy for One-Town” Project

- Feasibility Study of wave activated power generation technology

- Production technology of biofuel

③HRD for Nuclear Safety under international network

- Enhancement of relationship with IAEA

- Domestic HRDfor Nuclear Safety

Principles

○Formation of center for international human resources development for atomic energy.

○Formation of center for universities in wide-area collaboration

○Organization of training programs for technicians in Fukui prefecture to develop their skills

○Making educational programs on nuclear energy for school students satisfactory

○”Fukui Cool Earth and Advanced Energy Industrialization Project”

○Technology transfer with industry-academia-government collaboration

○Creation of new industries utilizing resources of Nuclear Power Plant

○Fast Breeder Reactor Research and Development Center

○Applied Laser Technology Institute

○Reinan New Energy Research Center

○Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center

○Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center

○Promotion of liaison among universities and institutes

○Research system on nuclear power plant aging management

○Making a medical system satisfactory in Reinan area.

○Enhancement of cancer therapy technology, above all, a technology utilizing proton beam .

Creating and fostering of new industries

Education and exchange of HR

Enhancement of R&D function

Ensuring safety and security

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Improvement of the Emergency System and Human Resource Development

Based on lessons and reviews from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, to develop human resources for our future to enhance the emergency response as well as to secure the much safe measure.

Establishment and management of the Nuclear Emergency Support Organization

[Fukui prefectural government, city and town office, electric power businesses, Japan Atomic Energy Agency]

- Proposals to the Federation of Electric Power Companies

in Japan (FEPC), which decided to establish the Nuclear Emergency

Support Organization.

- Confirmation whether the establishment plan makes progress in due

course with a full understanding of the proposals.

(Implementation time)Concrete plan to be made in FY2013

  • Japan’s Human Resource Development for Nuclear Safety

  • [Fukui Prefectural Government, Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center, Universities in Fukui Prefecture]

  • Proposal of training program utilizing HRD network in Fukui to the “International Nuclear Safety Training Academy”to be established under the Japan’s Ministry of Environment. The academy is to train government officials on nuclear regulation.

  • [Electric power businesses, Japan Atomic Energy Agency]

  • Provide their own raining facilities and staffs to other

  • HRD organizations.

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R&D Contributing to Response to Accidents at NPP and its Decommissioning

Based on lessons from the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, develop technology to solve issues at the power station, to deal with accidents and restoration and to apply to the anticipated decommissioning of plants throughout Japan in the future.

Development of power assist suits for carrying heavy objects in radiation

[The Japan Atomic Power Company, businesses inside and outside the prefecture]

Learning from the state of the accidents at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and the needs at the station, develop “power assist suits” to support workers who carry heavy objects in a radioactive environment and to reduce their exposure to radiation

  • Development of Laser Technologies for Radioactive Contamination and Dismantling of Nuclear Power Plant

  • [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center, businesses inside and outside the prefecture]

    • Conduct quantitative comparison between laser technology and existing technology regarding decontamination and cutting, and evaluate and study the superiority of the laser technology and applicable locations

    • Develop laser decontamination equipment, based on the needs of decontamination technology at the Fukushima accident site, and put the equipment to practical use

    • Research, develop and put to practical use more sophisticated laser cutting technology for the decommissioning of Fugen

    • (Mid- and long-term) Development and practical use of equipment in response to the needs of cutting technology at the Fukushima accident site

R&D for enhancing the functionality of protective suits

[Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., businesses in the prefecture]

Develop protective suits excelling in air-permeability and flexibility by utilizing fiber technology in the prefecture. The products

will be used by workers at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, residents in the Fukushima disaster area for temporary

returns to home, and workers on everyday duties at nuclear power plants.

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