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Kingdoms & Domains Chapter 18-3. http://analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.jpg. As we discovered more about the natural world…. not all organisms fit into Linnaeus’s 2 kingdoms (______ or _______). Ex: ________ _____.

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kingdoms domains chapter 18 3

Kingdoms & DomainsChapter 18-3

http://analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.jpg

as we discovered more about the natural world
As we discovered more about the natural world…

not all organisms fit into Linnaeus’s 2 kingdoms (______ or _______)

Ex: ________ _____

Images from: http://www.leighday.co.uk/upload/public/docImages/6/Listeria%20bacteria.jpg

http://danny.oz.au/travel/iceland/p/3571-fungi.jpg

slide3

________________________

(BACTERIA)

http://analyzer.depaul.edu/astrobiology/kingdoms.jpg

slide4

As we learned more about bacteria,

the __________ kingdom was split into TWO distinct kingdoms

___________ & ______________

6 KINGDOMS used today

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

three domain system
THREE-DOMAIN system

Molecular analyses have given

rise to a ________________ __________ now recognized

= _____________

slide6

Bacteria

Archaea

Eukarya

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Domains are larger than Kingdoms and

are based on the kind of

_____________ an organism has.

slide8

Cell without a nucleus

= ____________(Includes bacteria)

Cell with a nucleus and organelles surrounded by membranes = _________________

(includes plants and animals)

Organism that can make its own food using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis =

______________

Organism that gets food energy from consuming other organisms = _____________

REMEMBER

slide9

A ONE-CELLED organism

= _____________________

Organism made of many cells

= ______________

Polysaccharide made by joining glucose molecules together which makes plants sturdy

= _________________

REMEMBER

http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/Biol115/Wyatt/default.htm

domain bacteria kingdom eubacteria
DOMAIN: BACTERIAKINGDOM: EUBACTERIA

_______________________

______________________

Have cell walls with ________________

Can be ____________ or ______________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

http://chemiris.chem.binghamton.edu/ZHONG/research/bacteria3.jpg

slide11

Polymer made of sugars and amino acids

found outside the cell membrane in the cell

wall some bacteria = ___________________

http://www.scq.ubc.ca/?p=481

domain archaea kingdom archaebacteria
DOMAIN: ARCHAEAKINGDOM: ARCHAEBACTERIA

_________________

_________________

Have cell walls

_________ peptidoglycan

Can be ___________ or ______________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

LIVE IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENTS like volcanic hot springs, brine pools, low oxygen

slide13

http://www.teara.govt.nz/NR/rdonlyres/737B7002-C31D-418D-84C5-D0E68ED87BBB/134228/hero6483.jpghttp://www.teara.govt.nz/NR/rdonlyres/737B7002-C31D-418D-84C5-D0E68ED87BBB/134228/hero6483.jpg

Organisms that can live in HIGH temperature environments

= ________________

Organisms that can live in high salt environments

= ______________

http://web0.greatbasin.net/~wigand/petespaleo/Columbus%20Salt%20Marsh.jpg

domain eukarya kingdom plantae
DOMAIN: EUKARYAKINGDOM: PLANTAE

_______________________

______________________

Have cell walls with ________________

and ________________

_________________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

http://www.russianflora.com/store/images/product/custom_green_plant_35.jpg

domain eukarya kingdom animalia

http://www.millan.net 

DOMAIN: EUKARYAKINGDOM: ANIMALIA

_______________________

_____________________

________________ or _______________

__________________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

domain eukarya kingdom fungi
DOMAIN: EUKARYAKINGDOM: FUNGI

_______________________

______________________

Have cell walls with ________________

_______________

__________________________________

_______________________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

http://www.ontarionature.org/home/images/mushrooms.jpg

domain eukarya kingdom protista
DOMAIN: EUKARYAKINGDOM: PROTISTA

_______________________

______________________

Some have cell walls with ________________

____________________

Can be _____________ or _____________

EXAMPLES: _____________________

http://www.ravelgrane.com/pix/proj/draco/paramecium-nahrung.gif

slide18

Figure 18-12 Key Characteristics of Kingdoms and Domains

Section 18-3

Classification of Living Things

DOMAIN

KINGDOM

CELL TYPE

CELL STRUCTURES

NUMBER OF CELLS

MODE OF NUTRITION

EXAMPLES

Bacteria

_____________

Prokaryote

Cell walls with peptidoglycan

Unicellular

Autotroph or heterotroph

Streptococcus, Escherichia coli

Archaea

Archaebacteria

Prokaryote

Cell walls without peptidoglycan

_____________

Autotroph or heterotroph

Methanogens, halophiles

Protista

Eukaryote

Cell walls of cellulose in some; some have chloroplasts

Most unicellular; some colonial; some multicellular

__________________________

Amoeba, Paramecium, slime molds, giant kelp

Fungi

Eukaryote

______________________

Most multicellular; some unicellular

Heterotroph

Mushrooms, yeasts

Eukarya

Plantae

Eukaryote

Cell walls of cellulose; chloroplasts

___________

___________

Mosses, ferns, flowering plants

Animalia

____________

No cell walls or chloroplasts

____________

____________

Sponges, worms, insects, fishes, mammals

slide19

Figure 18-13 Cladogram of Six Kingdoms and Three Domains

Section 18-3

DOMAIN ARCHAEA

DOMAIN EUKARYA

Kingdoms

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

DOMAIN BACTERIA

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