Research Skills for Dissertations: 2012. Sue Bird Bodleian Subject Librarian Geography. Cloud computing. Oxford Libraries Information Platform. Cloud computing. e -Journals e-Books. Literature & Data Search E ngines. The digital architecture facilitating research & study .
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"...You must always indicate to the examiners when you have drawn on the work of others; other people's original ideas and methods should be clearly distinguished from your own, and other people's words, illustrations, diagrams etc. should be clearly indicated regardless of whether they are copied exactly, paraphrased, or adapted... ...The University reserves the right to use software applications to screen any individual's submitted work for matches either to published sources or to other submitted work. Any such matches respectively might indicate either plagiarism or collusion...
...Although the use of electronic resources by students in their academic work is encouraged, you should remember that the regulations on plagiarism apply to on-line material and other digital material just as much as to printed material..."
Section 9.5 Proctors' and Assessor's Memorandum
So by following the citation principles and practices in place in your subject area, you will develop a rigorous approach to academic referencing, and avoid inadvertent plagiarism.
Be uniform in your referencing system:-
Probably use the Harvard system as suggested on the School’s web-site – but whatever you do use – just be consistent
Just a few of the more common points
A large number of manuals are available to give
guidance and sound practice.
Organize your research and manage your database of references
(web based – access your records anywhere - free to members of university – even after you leave)
(free to members of university, but has limited feature set – designed to be used alongside desktop version)
I didn't check for the hard copy
- so used to getting online access!
Legal information, cases etc.
(if necessary ask the Law Library for help)
General reference tools
English Language Reference https://intranet.ouce.ox.ac.uk/undergraduate/fhs/plagiarism.html
Limiting functions e.g. publication types, language
Allow you to
View Search history
Mark and sort results
Set up alerts
Searches done by automated “web crawlers”
No thesaurus / subject headings – just free text searching
No limiting functions
Usually none of these!Databases vs. Search engines
Includes data from GEOBASE - THE bibliographic database for the Earth, Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Abstract titleand citation database containing both peer-reviewed research literature and quality web sources. With over 19,500 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers, including 325 book series.
46 million records:
25 million records with references back to 1996 (of which 78% include references).
21 million records pre-1996 which go back as far as 1823.
4.8 million conference papers from proceedings and journals.SCOPUS
Search Tip : 1
personal OR private OR household
(including food mile* (i.e. miles or mileage)? )
Web of Science/Knowledge
Search Tip : 2
Take time to explore the various databases & platforms available.
Some will be more useful to you than others.
Search Tip : 3
Boolean Logical Operators AND, OR, NOT
Adj (literally adjacent); Near(same sentence); With(same field)
Field descriptors: AU(author); TI(title); AB (abstract); SO(source or reference); DE (general descriptor) etc are likely to be specific to each database and won’t operate in ‘cross searches’
Combining searches: #1 and #2
globali?ation / globali$ation (is it an ‘s’ or a ‘z’)
govern* for governance, governmentality, etc
Search Tip : 4
Search :- Impact of La Nina and oceanic circulation on climate change (2011-12 only)
Scopus = 30 articles
ProQuest = 21 articles (after de-duplication of 45) (14 not found by Scopus)
Ovid = 19 after de-duplication of 20articles, etc. (adds another 5 to the total)
Web of Science = 41 articles (a further 26 unique items)
RefWorks de-duplication = 75
Apart from Bibliographic Electronic Resources there are some factual databases available
via OxLIP+ e.g.:-
If they are CD-ROM based they may require you to download software
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b) Web of Science