An overview of Electronic Resources (E-Resources) of National Library, India and its implications. By- Deepshikha Pathak Library and Information Assistant & Partha Sarathi Das Assistant Library and Information Officer National Library, India. Theme of the paper.
Library and Information Assistant
Partha Sarathi Das
Assistant Library and Information Officer
National Library, India
The present paper mainly highlights the need of introduction of
electronic resources in the National Library, India, describes its
existing electronic resources, future plans and assess the frequency
of use of e-resources by the reader with respect to the use of Electronic
resources by the heterogonous users of the National Library and to
identity the barriers that hinders the use of e- resources.
Information technology has left an incredible impact in our profession
right from automating the library services to Collection Development
Policy. In this context, The National Knowledge Commission in its
qualitative and quantitative guidelines for Collection Development states that
“All libraries must maintain a well-rounded core collection, including
reference material to satisfy the regular needs of its user community. These
may be supplemented through networks, e-resources, etc, to achieve better
qualitative and quantitative standards.” and “In the case of the National
Library and other national level libraries, the collections should be as
comprehensive as possible.”
In compliance of the guidelines and feeling the pulse of
heterogeneous users, National Library too has introduced the E-
resources for its users.
Operational definitions used in the paper is :
To being with, the National Library has undergone
developmental transformation in phase-wise manner. National
Library has come a long way from serving its readers with
traditional methods of giving readers’ service to modern day
method of service, in the form of manual browsing of
catalogue to web-opac catalogue.
Going with the modern day trend of Digital Library,
we can proudly say that The National Library houses not only
Rarest of the Rare Documents but also it has expanded its
collection base to envelope Electronic Resources also. The
advent of ICT has been a boon because it offers an opportunity
to provide increasingly valuable and effective services for users
and as such when one visits National Library, one can find
oneself in the midst of Hybrid Library Environment.
heterogeneous user groups that ranges from students, scholars, researchers, teachers, professionals who uses these e-resources as their supplementary resource base in addition to their print resources.
Reference e-collection bouquet.doc
To collect data, a questionnaire was designed with questions of
demographic characteristics, source of information, ease of Information
Retrieval computer skills, frequency of use, preference of e-resources,
awareness of e-resources and need of use-orientation programme.
Besides questionnaire method, observation and interview method were
Awareness of E-Resources :
It is observed from the study that :
through National Library website
Frequently used e-resources :
It is observed that the access of the e-resource collection is well
balanced in both their formats while E-reference collection
need to be popularized among the users of National Library.
Frequency of use of e-resources :
The frequency of e-resources used by the respondents as revealed
from the analysis is that :
a. mostly daily (36%) ;
b. several times a week (28%) ;
c. once a week(20%) ;
d. when they desire (16%).
However, most of the users are in the process of making e-
resources as their integral part of information source.
Ease of Information Retrieval& User Education:
50% of the respondents are capable of finding their desired
information, while 50% of the users are facing difficulties of some sort
in retrieving their desired information.
62% of the respondents expressed their desire to arrange some kind of User Education/ Orientation Programs by the National Library to increase their confidence in using these e-resources.
Frequently Used E-Journals :
Jstor is often the mostly used e-journals, followed by
Oxford University Press and then Cambridge
The rate of use of e-resources has been a
success on experimental base in the first phase.
The questionnaire has recorded some specific suggestions from our esteemed
users which could be considered by the National Library in decision making
Understanding today’s user’s need of information sources is no doubt a challenge and it
poses a more challenge for heterogeneous users. There are plethora of information
sources a users can use but the bottom line is that how Library and Information center
can make themselves “User Technocracy Information Source”. National Library, where
one can find the combination of heterogeneous readers as well as the concept of Hybrid
Library has been able to prove itself as “User Technocracy Information Source” by way
of introducing E-Resources in experimental phase and is reaping quite a success. It is
pertinent to mention that E-resources are being provided by many Library and
Information Centers across India, but the offering of E-resources by the National Library,
itself provides a distinct benchmark as it the epitome of Traditional-cum-Digital Library.
As a part of continuous development and its endeavor to make
National Library “User Technocracy Information Sources”, a separate E-resource Centre
will soon be set up in the coming year. Let’s hope that the opening of this new E-resource
Center will be able to provide perspective reader’s service to its ever increasing readers.
The authors are grateful to Prof. Swapan Chakravorty,
Director-General, National Library for providing the facilities
and thankfully acknowledge Shri Asesh Kr Ghatak, Library
and Information Officer for critically going through the
manuscript and all the Library Staff of Bhasa Bhavan Reading
Room, National Library for their assistance and support in
collecting the data.