The Constitution and the Courts. Lt. Kaffee - “I want the truth!” Col. Jessup- “You can’t handle the truth!”. Structure of the Judiciary.
The Constitution and the Courts
Lt. Kaffee- “I want the truth!”
Col. Jessup- “You can’t handle the truth!”
1. Civil cases- between private parties; one civilian sues another for compensation (non- criminal) for such things as breach of contract, property damage/ loss, job discrimination, divorce, etc. Brought forth by a plaintiff- person/ entity who files suit and leads to a reward or compensation
2. Criminal cases- defendant (the person whom the complaint is against) is tried for committing some action that Congress or a state has declared to be a crime; the state brings forth the claim (is the prosecution) A person could be not- guilty in a criminal case, but lose in a civil case
3. Constitutional/ Unconstitutional questions of a law- the Supreme Court or one of its 94 District Courts rules whether a law goes against the Constitution or not
Assistance of Counsel is guaranteed
“Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed…”: bail or fine in a case must bear reasonable relationship to seriousness of crime involved.
Capital punishment- punishment by death