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Starter Question. Please pick-up a slip of paper and answer the following question… In what ways have the ancient Greeks influenced our way of life today? List as many things as you can. A Democratic Constitution. When Peisistratus died, his sons took over as leaders of Athens

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Starter question

Starter Question

  • Please pick-up a slip of paper and answer the following question…

  • In what ways have the ancient Greeks influenced our way of life today? List as many things as you can.


A democratic constitution

A Democratic Constitution

  • When Peisistratus died, his sons took over as leaders of Athens

  • Not long after, their government was overthrown by the Spartans

  • In 508 B.C., the Spartans were overthrown by a noble named Cleisthenes

  • A year later, Cleisthenes put into effect the world’s first constitution that was democratic, or favoring equality of all people

    • Gave citizens of Athens freedom of speech

  • Cleisthenes opened the Assembly to all males over 20 years old

    • Assembly chose generals for army/navy and judges

Athens is known to be the birthplace of democracy


Athens government

Athens Government

  • The Council of Five Hundred handled the daily business of Athens

  • The names of 500citizens were drawn from a large pot (chosen by lot)

  • Under the rule of Cleisthenes, citizens were required to educatetheir sons starting when they were 7 years old

  • When they turned 18, Athenian males became citizens in Athens

    • Took an oath of citizenship to make Athens a better place in front of family and friends


Chart and skills activity

Chart and Skills Activity

  • We will be completing the Chapter 10 Chart and Graph Activity as a group

  • 1. What branch of government sets the agenda for the Assembly?

  • 2. What indicates that the government of Athens was truly democratic?

  • 3. What members of Athenian society could not be part of the government?


Monarchy

Monarchy

  • Definition: A government ruled by a king or queen

  • Where Used: Both Athens and Sparta

  • When Used: 700 B.C.

  • Benefits: 1. One person making laws 2. Consistency 3. Know who the ruler is and the next in line

  • Disadvantages: 1. Few have a say in government 2. Same person ruler


Oligarchy

Oligarchy

  • Definition: Government in which a few people rule

  • Where Used: Both Athens and Sparta

  • When Used: Sparta (800 B.C.) Athens (750 B.C.)

  • Benefits: 1. More have a say in government

  • Disadvantages: 1. Only a handful make choices for the community


Democracy

Democracy

  • Definition: A government favoring equality of all people

  • Where Used: Athens (The birthplace of Democracy)

  • When Used: 508 B.C.

  • Benefits: 1. All citizens have a voice in government 2. Limit of years allowed to serve 3. Change in those in charge

  • Disadvantages: Changes are slow to make


Closing question

Closing Question

  • On the back of your yellow Forms of Government Chart, explain 1 of the benefits and disadvantages of a Democracy


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