No Exit: Women in Poverty. Lori Curtis and Kate Rybczynski Department of Economics University of Waterloo October 24, 2012 Acknowledge SSHrC for funding. Motivation. Women face higher risk of long term poverty.(Finnie & Sweetman 2003; Lochhead & Scott 2000; Burstein 2005)
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No Exit: Women in Poverty
Lori Curtis and Kate Rybczynski
Department of Economics
University of Waterloo
October 24, 2012
Acknowledge SSHrC for funding.
1/3 of poverty spells do not end in the study period
average duration of poverty spells is almost 2 yrs.
1/5th of the sample has multiple poverty spells.
close to 20% exit to <110% of the LICO,
60 percent exit to ‘near poverty’ (1.1 to 2*LICO)
only 20% exit to higher-income levels (>2* LICO).
¼ exits < 2*LICO by women with multiple spells.
SA prior to entering poverty less likely to exit to 1.1*LICO
Full year employment and having a high school diploma (compared to < HS) are associated with moving out of poverty to income that is between 1.1 and 2*LICO.
Higher levels of education, employment and age are positively associated with exiting to >2*LICO
being an immigrant, unattached, on social assistance, or having young and more children are negatively associated with leaving poverty to>2*LICO
Our data seem to indicate that a not so small portion of women who enter poverty are ‘trapped’ there.
increasing education and employment opportunities for the poor.
temporary or longer-term guaranteed living income for those with disabilities, larger families and long-term social assistance recipients who are not able to find employment or women with multiple spells
the competing risks framework demonstrates that exiting poverty is not the same experience for all women.
Studies examining poverty and poverty duration should differentiate between those who exit to near the poverty line or to far above the poverty line – clearly, these are very different experiences for women and their families and are strong indicators as to whether or not a women (and her family) will return to poverty.