Problem of pseudonymity
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Problem of Pseudonymity. Misleading to think of Deutero-Pauline authorship as forgery Pseudonymity: creating new works under identity of well-know personage Disciples of great teachers compose works perpetuating their master’s thoughts A Pauline school. Colossians.

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Problem of Pseudonymity

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Problem of pseudonymity

Problem of Pseudonymity

  • Misleading to think of Deutero-Pauline authorship as forgery

  • Pseudonymity: creating new works under identity of well-know personage

  • Disciples of great teachers compose works perpetuating their master’s thoughts

  • A Pauline school


Colossians

Colossians

  • Close relationship to Philemon, overlap of names including Onesimus

  • Cosmic terminology, tendency to focus on the present rather than the future

  • Hymn emphasizing the supremacy of Christ (1:15-23)

  • Image of the enthronement of believers (Col 3:1-4) leads to ethical teaching


Colossians1

Colossians

  • False teachers (Col 2:8-23): teaching involves “the worship of angels”, visions, various ascetic measures

  • Epistle insists that Christ and the experience of baptism render these measures useless

  • Introduction of the household code tradition (3:18-4:1) and the problem of slavery


Ephesians

Ephesians

  • Difficulty of determining community situation

  • ecclesiology: references to the church are always in the plural

  • The unity of the ekklesia: Eph 2:11-22

  • The Household Code and Marriage as reflection of Christ and the Church: Eph 5:21-6:10


Ephesians cont

Ephesians Cont.

  • Emphasis on unity Eph 4:1-16

  • Distinctiveness from the rest of society Eph 4:17-5:20; parallels with Qumran literature. Is Ephesians a highly sectarian document?

  • Eph 6:10-20: Doing battle with evil. Rhetorical analysis; compared to speeches of generals before battle

  • Believers as already exalted with Christ: See Eph 2:5-6; Eph 2:20-22


Pastoral epistles

Pastoral Epistles

  • Concern for the organization of the community

  • Problem with strongly ascetic false teaching (1 Tim 4:1-5)

  • Church offices (1 Tim 3:1-16)

  • Women and Worship (1 Tim 2:8-15)

  • The Office of Widows (1 Tim 5)


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