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Social Security Part II: SSA Work Incentives to Consider During Transition Planning. Ellen Condon University of Montana, Rural Institute (406) 243-4134 [email protected] www.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/transition. Work Incentives that May Be Applicable to Youth in Transition.

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Social security part ii ssa work incentives to consider during transition planning

Social Security Part II: SSA Work Incentives to Consider During Transition Planning

Ellen Condon

University of Montana, Rural Institute

(406) 243-4134

[email protected]

www.ruralinstitute.umt.edu/transition

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Work incentives that may be applicable to youth in transition
Work Incentives that May Be Applicable to Youth in Transition

  • Student Earned Income Exclusion (SEIE)

  • Section 301

  • PASS Plans

  • IRWE (Impairment-Related Work Expense)

  • BWE (Blind Work Expense)

  • Ticket to Work

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Supplemental security income ssi
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Transition

  • Financial benefit available to people with low income levels and little or no resources, who have a disability, or a child with a disability, or are age 65 or older

  • Usually comes with Medicaid

  • The amount of the financial benefit fluctuates with an individual’s income

  • Maximum amount/month is $674 in 2010

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Supplemental security income ssi1
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Transition

  • Under 18, child has a disability

  • And parents and the student meet income qualifications (earned only):

    • 1-parent household, gross income <$2,821/month

    • 2-parent household, gross income <$3,495/month (2009)

  • And resource limits

    • Individual (less than $2000 in liquid assets)

    • Couple (less than $3000 in liquid assets)

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Impact of income on ssi

Earned income Transition

Disregard $65

Then disregard $20

(If no unearned income)

Half of this amount is countable earned income

Unearned Income

Disregard $20

The remainder is considered countable unearned income.

Impact of Income on SSI

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Example of impact of income on ssi check non student
Example of impact of income on SSI check (non-student): Transition

  • Earned income of $485/month

  • Subtract $65 + $20= $400

  • ½ of $400 = $200 (countable earned income)

  • $674-$200= $474/month SSI check

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Student earned income exclusion
Student Earned Income TransitionExclusion

  • For full-time students:

    • Up to age 22

    • Attends classes at least 8 hours/week (college)

    • Or high school 12 hours/week

    • Or work prep. program course 12 hours/week

  • Can earn up to $6,600/year or $1,640/month

    prior to wages impacting SSI check (2010)

    * Make sure that SSA knows of the “student” status when you submit paystubs monthly

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Section 301
Section 301 Transition

  • Continued payment of benefits while you are under Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) or other employment service (Ticket to Work), or another service with an employment plan in place (an IEP for students 18-21)

  • Your benefits (SSI and Medicaid) may continue until participation in the program ends even if you have “recovered”

  • SSI eligibility of youth who receive SSI is re-determined upon turning age 18

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Pass plans
PASS Plans Transition

  • Plan for Achieving Self Support

  • Kids and adults are eligible

  • The plan will fund goods or services that will allow a person to become more self-sufficient

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Pass plans1
PASS Plans Transition

  • A work incentive program developed by SSA to encourage SSI recipients to work

  • Excludes resources and/or income from being counted by SSA and allows the resources to be ‘set aside’ to be used to fund a vocational goal

  • Must be approved by SSA

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Pass plans can fund
PASS Plans can fund: Transition

  • Equipment

  • Services such as Job Development, Job Coaching, Personal Care, Transportation

  • School

  • Vehicles

  • Anything needed to support a person to become employed, maintain employment or advance their employment

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Students who are eligible for a pass
Students who are eligible for a PASS: Transition

  • Must be eligible for SSI and have income that reduces their SSI check or a resource that is over $2000

  • Most students will not have wages that reduce their SSI check (until they are no longer a student, i.e., the day after graduation)

  • There are students who will have unearned income that reduces their SSI check

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Income that might reduce a student s ssi
Income that might reduce a student’s SSI: Transition

  • UNEARNED

  • Parent’s retirement benefits

  • Parent’s disability benefits

  • Survivor’s benefits

  • An adoption subsidy

  • Child support

  • EARNED

  • Student wages over $6,600/year

  • Parent wages if under age 18

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


State medicaid threshold

State Medicaid Threshold Transition

Each state has a maximum earnings threshold which SSI recipients can reach before jeopardizing their Medicaid.

In MT for 2010 it is $28,819.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


How do you identify that a student is eligible for a pass
How do you identify that a student is eligible for a PASS? Transition

  • Are they under 18? Or are they an adult?

  • Receiving SSI?

    • If yes, is it less than $674/month?

    • If yes, what is the income that is being counted?

  • If not receiving SSI, why not?

    • Turned down due to too much income?

    • If yes, could that income be sheltered in a PASS?

    • Turned down due to excess resources?

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Identifying eligible students
Identifying Eligible Students Transition

  • Be aware of changes in a student’s life which could make them eligible for a PASS

    • Parent dies

    • Parent retires

    • Parent’s income increases (<18)

    • Student’s countable income increases (when they graduate and no longer are under SEIE)

    • They accumulate resources over $2000

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Resources that could make you ineligible for ssi
Resources that could make you ineligible for SSI: Transition

  • House or property that person applying (or parents of person applying) do not live in

  • Life insurance policy depending on cash value

  • Retirement plans depending on cash value

  • Unsheltered inheritance

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Pass plans2
PASS Plans Transition

  • Promote consumer and family choice and control

  • Can bridge the gap between school and adult services

    • A PASS can transition with the student, and

    • Can be used to leverage other funds

  • Are flexible in what they purchase and whom they purchase it from

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Pass plans3
PASS Plans Transition

  • Vocational Goal

  • Timeframe within which steps of the goal will be achieved

  • Budget

  • A plan to reach the goal

  • Contract with SSA to shelter or not count the income which is going into the PASS

  • TIME LIMITED

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Ryan’s PASS paid for computer tutoring, job development and

job coaching.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Lance started his own business, L&C Deliveries, while still in school.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


He and his brother combined their PASS plans, which paid for this van and allowed them to start a delivery business.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


At age 16 Alicia was receiving the full amount of SSI. Within a

year, she began getting Survivor’s Benefits, which reduced her SSI.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Alicia s pass plan
Alicia’s PASS plan Within a

  • Goal: Logistics Coordinator position

  • SSDI $310/month (less <$20 into PASS)

  • Funded:

    • Transportation

    • Job Development

    • Job Coaching

  • $9,610

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Alicia graduated june 1 2002
Alicia graduated June 1, 2002 Within a

  • She was hired by Awesome Discoveries Day Care.

  • 20 hours week, earning $480/month.

  • SSDI $310/month.

  • Her PASS was amended to shelter wages and SSDI for $497.50/month

  • She purchased a van, paid for follow-along support and a driver.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Maclaen graduated from Polson High school in 2002. Our goal was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Impact of wages on ssi
Impact of Wages on SSI was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • SSA allows $85 for earned income exclusion prior to reducing the financial benefit.

  • The SSI check is reduced by $1 for every $2 earned over the first $85 for adults.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Maclaen
Maclaen was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • After graduation Maclaen began earning $400/month.

  • His SSI check would have been reduced by $157-$207/mo. without a PASS.

  • A PASS was written to shelter his countable earned income.

  • He then received the FBR of SSI, plus wages not sheltered, and had up to $200/month in a PASS.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Casey needs extended coaching time
Casey needs extended coaching time… was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Impairment related work expense irwe
Impairment-Related Work Expense was for him to have a paid job by graduation.(IRWE)

  • Out-of-Pocket expense,

  • That is related to your disability,

  • And is necessary to work.

  • An IRWE allows you to reduce your countable earned income by allowing you to deduct 50% of the cost of the expense from your countable earnings.

  • No time limit.

  • Submit receipts with paystubs to SSA.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Impairment related work expense irwe1
Impairment-Related Work Expense was for him to have a paid job by graduation.(IRWE)

  • Not a vehicle for saving/sheltering (like the PASS).

  • IRWEs reduce the impact of your wages on your SSI and give you a strategy to fund some of the expenses that you incur to go to work.

  • Wages$485-$85=$400

  • -IRWE($200)= $200

  • ½ ($200) =$100 (countable earned income)

  • $674-100= $574 SSI check

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Blind work expense bwe
Blind Work Expense (BWE) was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • For people who receive benefits due to blindness

  • Any work-related expense is allowed (not only impairment-related)

    • Guide dogs

    • Transportation

    • Personal assistance

    • Lunch

    • FICA

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Ticket to work
Ticket to Work was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • Social Security recipients are provided “vouchers” to purchase employment services through an “employment network.”

  • An agency will have applied and been accepted to be an EN.

  • SSA.gov can provide a list of EN’s in your area.

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Incorporating work incentives into transition services
Incorporating Work Incentives into Transition Services was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • How do we get PASS-eligible students identified?

  • Who will benefit from students having access to PASS plans?

    • V.R.

    • Family/Student

    • D.D. Services

    • Employers

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


Incorporating work incentives into transition planning
Incorporating Work Incentives into Transition Planning was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

  • Who can assist families to apply for SSI?

  • When are students receiving SSA benefits analyses?

  • Who will write the PASS plans?

  • Who will pay for PASS plans to be written?

  • Who will manage approved plans?

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


State resources
State Resources was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

WIPA: Work Incentives Planning and Assistance

(North Central Independent Living Center)

1-888-8822 Margaret Keener

and other ILCs in MT

Employment Works Montana State University-Billings/ Montana Center on Disabilities WIPA

1-888-866-3822 Tiffany Kelker

PABSS: Protection and Advocacy for Beneficiaries of Social Security, Disability Rights Montana

Lori Idland 1-800-245-4743

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


State resources1
State Resources was for him to have a paid job by graduation.

AWARE Inc. Benefits Planners

  • 1-800-432-6145

  • Erin Miller, Anaconda, MT

    (406) 563-8117

  • Jessica Karjala, Billings, MT

    (406) 698-0636

UM Rural Institute, Missoula, MT


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