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2 more things about graphs. Rise Raise Arise. Rise, rose, risen – irreg.v. (intr.: rise + Ø ) The price has already risen . Prices rose yesterday.Prices are rising . Raise, raised, raised - reg.v.(trans.:raise+object)

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Rise raise arise
RiseRaiseArise

Rise, rose, risen – irreg.v. (intr.: rise + Ø)

The price has already risen. Prices rose yesterday.Prices are rising.

Raise, raised, raised - reg.v.(trans.:raise+object)

They raised the prices. He has raised his voice. Raise your hand!

Arise, arose, arisen

Many problems have arisen. A crisis is arising.


Sentence structure rephrase the following sentences
Sentence structure Rephrase the following sentences:

e.g. Retail sales fell in the second quarter. (v.→ n.)

There was a fall in the second quarter retail sales.

  • Britain’s economy grewslowly in the second quarter.

    There was a slow growth in Britain’s economy in the second quarter.

    A slow growth was recorded in Britain’s economy in the second quarter.

  • Shoe imports from China to the EU rose by 300% in the nine months ending in October 2005 compared with the same period 2004.

    There was a rise of 300% in shoe imports from China...

    A rise of 300%was recorded in shoe imports from China...

  • Cadburry Schweppes reported a 46% rise in net profit in 2005 (n.→v.)

    Cadburry Schweppes’s net profit rose by 46% in 2005.




Graph description see next slide for analysis
Graph description (see next slide for analysis)

  • In the period between Feb 1999 and Jan 2000, an upward trend was recorded in the growth rate of retail sales peaking at x% at the end of the observed period. Having reached a low towards the end of January 1999, retail sales started rising in February, slipped back in March and remained stable at X% throughout April. A sharp increase to X% is visible in early May followed by an abrupt drop to X% in June. Retail sales climbed back to X% in July. They went up mildly in August and continued rising in September.


1.Italics: intensity/speed (How fast/intensive is the change?) 2.Underlined – time adverbials (When?)3.Red - trend (up/down?, changed direction?)4.Blue – prepositions

  • In the period between Feb 1999 and Jan 2000, an upward trend was recordedin the growth rate of retail sales peakingatx% at the end of the observed period.

    Having reached a lowtowards the end of January 1999, retail sales started rising in February, slipped backin March and remained stableatX% throughout April. A sharp increasetoX% is visible in early May followed by an abruptdropto X% in June. Retail sales climbed backtoX% in July. They went upmildly in August and continued rising in September….


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