Chap 8 Political Geography
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Chap 8 Political Geography. Quick Chapter Overview. We talked about Nation vs State vs Country and used George Demko’s definitions, I find this a better set of tools then provided by Rubenstein. Make sure you know Demko’s definitions, review that powerpoint. 8.1.

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Chap 8 Political Geography

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Chap 8 political geography

Chap 8 Political Geography

Quick chapter overview

Quick Chapter Overview

  • We talked about Nation vs State vs Country and used George Demko’s definitions, I find this a better set of tools then provided by Rubenstein. Make sure you know Demko’s definitions, review that powerpoint

Chap 8 political geography


The definition here of a State is similar to Demko’s but not as complete, read this and compare with Demko’s in the Powerpoint using Japan as an illustration

Chap 8 political geography


As you read about ancient states and city states does this make you reconsider how you think about Afghanistan or Somolia? Is tribalism still strong in these places?

Note that most European nation-states were created in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Know what a colony is. Does the US have any colonies? Where else are there colonies?

Chap 8 political geography

Ancient city states and empires strongly linked to the environment (i.e. food production)

8 3 nation states multinational states

8.3 Nation-States & Multinational States

  • Under Demko and Ethnicity we discussed much of this. Please review

8 4 challenges in defining states

8.4 Challenges in Defining States

  • A good bit of the globe is still up for grabs

  • Russia recently planted its flag on the seabed below the North Pole.

Chap 8 political geography

Anacrtica: Not a Soveriegn State – at least not for now

Chap 8 political geography


Review the three reasons for establishing colonies.

Note that number two was the most important

 Note that most current colonies are rather small isolated islands.

8 6 shape

8.6 Shape

The shape and location of a state both represents a historical heritage and indicates possible challenges to future stability. Why?

Chap 8 political geography

Elongated State

Chap 8 political geography

Fragmented State

Chap 8 political geography

Perforated State

Chap 8 political geography

Prorupted States

Chap 8 political geography

Compact States

8 7 boundaries

8.7 Boundaries

Physical features and geometric have mainly been used to create political boundaries. This practice has both pluses and minuses, what might these be?

Such boundaries may or may not reflect cultural boundaries.

Chap 8 political geography

Mountain Boundaries


Chap 8 political geography

Historical Instability of Desert Boundaries

Chap 8 political geography

Water Boundary

Chap 8 political geography

Geometric Boundaries

Chap 8 political geography

Cultural Boundaries

Surrounded countries

Surrounded Countries

Chap 8 political geography


Know the difference between

  • Democracy—Anocracy—Autocracy

  • And the three elements related to them

    What is the difference between a unitary and federal state? What is the US and why? What about Canada or China?

Chap 8 political geography

Chap 8 political geography


All you need to know about how “representative government” works or doesn’t work. Recently Californians voted to end Gerrymandering. Texas on the other hand is Gerrymanders paradise at present.

Chap 8 political geography

The Original Gerrymander

Chap 8 political geography

Review the various tricks for modern Gerrymandering

Chap 8 political geography

Gerrymandering Explained

Chap 8 political geography

Booo… no Gerrymandering in Iowa

Chap 8 political geography

Hurrah!!! Gerrymandering is not an threatened species in Florida or Georgia

Chap 8 political geography

2008 California stopped Gerrymandering!!!

In November 2008, California voters passed Proposition 11, authorizing a state redistricting commission.[

While the long-term results will bear out over time, independent studies by the Public Policy Institute of California, the National Journal, and Ballotpedia have shown that California now has some of the most competitive districts in the nation, creating opportunities for new elected officials.

Gerrymandering and legislatures

Gerrymandering and Legislatures

  • Did you ever wonder why a national party could lose the presidency but win the House of Representatives -- one possible cause (although not the only one) is Gerrymandering.

Chap 8 political geography


Supra-National organizations, is this the wave of the future in a globalizing world?

8 11 12

8.11 & 12

Terrorism, one way that non-state entities attempt to effect state activities. Are there others?

State sponsored terriorism – Libya had been highly involved before the Arab Spring.

Chap 8 political geography

I realize you can’t read this map, but in the book what is this a map of?

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