Chap 8 Political Geography
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Chap 8 Political Geography. Quick Chapter Overview. We talked about Nation vs State vs Country and used George Demko’s definitions, I find this a better set of tools then provided by Rubenstein. Make sure you know Demko’s definitions, review that powerpoint. 8.1.

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Quick chapter overview
Quick Chapter Overview

  • We talked about Nation vs State vs Country and used George Demko’s definitions, I find this a better set of tools then provided by Rubenstein. Make sure you know Demko’s definitions, review that powerpoint


The definition here of a State is similar to Demko’s but not as complete, read this and compare with Demko’s in the Powerpoint using Japan as an illustration


As you read about ancient states and city states does this make you reconsider how you think about Afghanistan or Somolia? Is tribalism still strong in these places?

Note that most European nation-states were created in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Know what a colony is. Does the US have any colonies? Where else are there colonies?

Ancient city states and empires strongly linked to the environment (i.e. food production)

8 3 nation states multinational states
8.3 Nation-States & Multinational States environment (i.e. food production)

  • Under Demko and Ethnicity we discussed much of this. Please review

8 4 challenges in defining states
8.4 Challenges in Defining States environment (i.e. food production)

  • A good bit of the globe is still up for grabs

  • Russia recently planted its flag on the seabed below the North Pole.

Anacrtica environment (i.e. food production): Not a Soveriegn State – at least not for now

8.5 environment (i.e. food production)

Review the three reasons for establishing colonies.

Note that number two was the most important

 Note that most current colonies are rather small isolated islands.

8 6 shape
8.6 Shape environment (i.e. food production)

The shape and location of a state both represents a historical heritage and indicates possible challenges to future stability. Why?

Elongated State environment (i.e. food production)

Fragmented State environment (i.e. food production)

Perforated State environment (i.e. food production)

Prorupted States environment (i.e. food production)

Compact States environment (i.e. food production)

8 7 boundaries
8.7 Boundaries environment (i.e. food production)

Physical features and geometric have mainly been used to create political boundaries. This practice has both pluses and minuses, what might these be?

Such boundaries may or may not reflect cultural boundaries.

Mountain Boundaries environment (i.e. food production)


Historical Instability of Desert Boundaries environment (i.e. food production)

Water environment (i.e. food production)Boundary

Geometric Boundaries environment (i.e. food production)

Cultural Boundaries environment (i.e. food production)

Surrounded countries
Surrounded Countries environment (i.e. food production)

8.8 environment (i.e. food production)

Know the difference between

  • Democracy—Anocracy—Autocracy

  • And the three elements related to them

    What is the difference between a unitary and federal state? What is the US and why? What about Canada or China?


All you need to know about how “representative government” works or doesn’t work. Recently Californians voted to end Gerrymandering. Texas on the other hand is Gerrymanders paradise at present.

The Original Gerrymander

Review the various tricks for modern Gerrymandering

Gerrymandering Explained

Booo… no Gerrymandering in Iowa

2008 California stopped Gerrymandering!!! Florida or Georgia

In November 2008, California voters passed Proposition 11, authorizing a state redistricting commission.[

While the long-term results will bear out over time, independent studies by the Public Policy Institute of California, the National Journal, and Ballotpedia have shown that California now has some of the most competitive districts in the nation, creating opportunities for new elected officials.

Gerrymandering and legislatures
Gerrymandering and Legislatures Florida or Georgia

  • Did you ever wonder why a national party could lose the presidency but win the House of Representatives -- one possible cause (although not the only one) is Gerrymandering.

8.10 Florida or Georgia

Supra-National organizations, is this the wave of the future in a globalizing world?

8 11 12
8.11 & 12 Florida or Georgia

Terrorism, one way that non-state entities attempt to effect state activities. Are there others?

State sponsored terriorism – Libya had been highly involved before the Arab Spring.