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PV industry needs. Michel VIAUD General Secretary. Market Segments. Off-Grid Industrial. Consumer. Economically viable. Off-Grid Residential. On-Grid. Dependant on market support programs. Source: Strategies Unlimited. Market projections. 1 marine 2 geothermal 3 biomass

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Pv industry needs
PV industry needs

Michel VIAUDGeneral Secretary


Market Segments

Off-Grid Industrial

Consumer

Economically viable

Off-Grid Residential

On-Grid

Dependant on market support programs

Source: Strategies

Unlimited



  • 1 marine

  • 2 geothermal

  • 3 biomass

  • 4 hydro

  • 5 wind

  • 6 solar thermal

  • PV solar

  • electricity

[%]

100 % RES 29,808 TWh (≡ 80 % of total)

Total electricity consumption 36,346 TWh (from 15,578 TWh in 2001, IEA)

Source: Own estimates together with "advanced

scenario" according to EREC

Contribution of PV Solar Electricity to Global Electricity Production in 2040


300 GW/Year

@ 2030

25 % p.a.

250 Mrd€

(500 Mrd€)

30 % p.a.

80 Mrd€

(160 Mrd€)

10 Mrd€

(20 Mrd€)

PV market increase and necessary investments in production equipment



Pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp6
PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)

  • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis

  • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities EUREC-EPIA)

  • Engaging the construction Industry in PV

  • Socio-economic and financial issues

  • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market

  • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries

  • Cross fertilization


Rtd targets
RTD targets

RTD Targets generic  20% Learning Rate

Module price < 2 €/Wp 2010 (ST)

< 0.9 €/Wp 2020 (MT)

< 0.5 €/Wp 2030 (LT)

1 materials cost <

2 efficiency >

3 production cost < (throughput , yield, equipment cost)


Rtd targets1
RTD targets

RTD Targets generic  20% Learning Rate (kWh)

System price < 3 €/Wp 2010 (ST) 5 kWp

< 1.5 €/Wp 2020 (MT)

< 1 €/Wp 2030 (LT)

1 Reliability, lifetime >

2 Labour, components cost <

3 Value > (applicability >, environmental impact <)


  • RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Crystalline Silicon

  • Solar Grade Silicon 20 €/kg ST

  • Wafers

  • Reduction of Silicon content 16 → 10 g/Wp ST

  • 10 → 7 g/Wp MT

  • Solar Cells

  • Cell efficiency > + 4% abs 20-22% Mono 18-20% Multi ST

  • + 6% abs 22-24% Mono 20-22% Multi MT

  • Modules

  • Life expectancy 35 years ST

  • Interconnect and encapsulation technology ST


  • RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Thin Film Solar Modules

  • Scaling up: Yield, throughput (area costs)

  • Module efficiency > 8 – 10% ST

  • (1 m2) 14% MT

    • 20% LT

  • TCO cost <

  • Low-cost substrates (e.g flexible)

  • Modules

  • Life expectancy 25 years ST

  • 35 years MT


    • RTD Technology specifictargets

    • Novel Cell Concepts

    • Dye Sensitised Cells Proof-of-Commercial Concept ST

    • Polymer/Organic ,, MT

    • Life expectancy 5-10 years ST

    • 10-20 years MT

    • Module efficiency > 4- 6% ST

    • (> 0.1 m2) 10% MT

    • 15% LT

    • Markets: consumer ST

    • power LT


    • RTD Technology specifictargets

    • Systems

    • General Standardization

      • Storage cost-effective

      • environmental benign (eg H2)

  • On-grid

  • Inverter (kW) Life expectancy 20 years ST

  • Price < 0.35 €/Wp ST

  • BIPV Module as standard building element ST

  • Off-grid 0.20 €/kWh (battery, extracted) ST

  • 0.15 €/kWh MT

  • Concentrators Low-cost lens and tracking systems MT


  • Pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp61
    PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)

    • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis

    • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities)

    • Engaging the construction Industry in PV

    • Socio-economic and financial issues

    • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market

    • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries


    Bipv characteristics
    BIPV characteristics

    • (Potentially) low BOS costs

    • (In principle) best use of existing mounting and grid infrastructure

    • (Without subsidy influence) best value of electricity is at the point of use

    • Integration with Home Energy System


    Statement of the bipv in the eu
    Statement of the BIPV in the EU

    • Lack of European strategy for BIPV development

    • Lack of effective common research between Building and PV institutes

    • Concern all the PV technologies

    • The largest potential for PV applications


    • Changes in Landscape

    • Need for European (BIPV) RTD Strategy

    • EU PV Program

    • European Coherency and Coordination with MS

    • Maturing industry

    • “Planning” projects

    • Close collaboration between research – industry- construction sector


    Pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp62
    PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)

    • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis

    • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities EUREC-EPIA)

    • Engaging the construction Industry in PV

    • Socio-economic and financial issues

    • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market

    • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries

    • Cross fertilization


    • Recommendations

    • Establish strategy for BIPV (Research infrastructures in R&D policy ?) between the Building (R&D and Industry) and the PV (R&D and Industry)communities

    • Support manufacturers of building components

    • Reinforce cooperation between architects, construction sector, PV developers, etc.


    Process of setting strategy
    Process of setting strategy

    Industry

    Community

    Provide first results

    to the PV Platform

    Set

    Priorities

    Discuss

    R&D

    Community

    Berlin(R&D)Paris(R&D+BIPV) Brussels(R&D)Nice(BIPV)

    Jan. 04 Jun. 04 Nov. 04 May 05

    End 2005


    Eu pv technology platform

    National Programmes Mirror Group

    Steering Committee

    PV Secretariat

    Developing Countries Group

    Science, Technology & Application

    Group

    Research

    Infrastructures ?

    Information,

    Promotion,

    Education & Market Deployment Group

    BIPV

    Policy

    &

    Instruments

    Group

    EU PV Technology Platform



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