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PV industry needs. Michel VIAUD General Secretary. Market Segments. Off-Grid Industrial. Consumer. Economically viable. Off-Grid Residential. On-Grid. Dependant on market support programs. Source: Strategies Unlimited. Market projections. 1 marine 2 geothermal 3 biomass

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pv industry needs
PV industry needs

Michel VIAUDGeneral Secretary

slide2

Market Segments

Off-Grid Industrial

Consumer

Economically viable

Off-Grid Residential

On-Grid

Dependant on market support programs

Source: Strategies

Unlimited

slide4

1 marine

  • 2 geothermal
  • 3 biomass
  • 4 hydro
  • 5 wind
  • 6 solar thermal
  • PV solar
  • electricity

[%]

100 % RES 29,808 TWh (≡ 80 % of total)

Total electricity consumption 36,346 TWh (from 15,578 TWh in 2001, IEA)

Source: Own estimates together with "advanced

scenario" according to EREC

Contribution of PV Solar Electricity to Global Electricity Production in 2040

slide5

300 GW/Year

@ 2030

25 % p.a.

250 Mrd€

(500 Mrd€)

30 % p.a.

80 Mrd€

(160 Mrd€)

10 Mrd€

(20 Mrd€)

PV market increase and necessary investments in production equipment

pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp6
PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)
  • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis
  • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities EUREC-EPIA)
  • Engaging the construction Industry in PV
  • Socio-economic and financial issues
  • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market
  • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries
  • Cross fertilization
rtd targets
RTD targets

RTD Targets generic  20% Learning Rate

Module price < 2 €/Wp 2010 (ST)

< 0.9 €/Wp 2020 (MT)

< 0.5 €/Wp 2030 (LT)

1 materials cost <

2 efficiency >

3 production cost < (throughput , yield, equipment cost)

rtd targets1
RTD targets

RTD Targets generic  20% Learning Rate (kWh)

System price < 3 €/Wp 2010 (ST) 5 kWp

< 1.5 €/Wp 2020 (MT)

< 1 €/Wp 2030 (LT)

1 Reliability, lifetime >

2 Labour, components cost <

3 Value > (applicability >, environmental impact <)

slide10

RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Crystalline Silicon
  • Solar Grade Silicon 20 €/kg ST
  • Wafers
  • Reduction of Silicon content 16 → 10 g/Wp ST
  • 10 → 7 g/Wp MT
  • Solar Cells
  • Cell efficiency > + 4% abs 20-22% Mono 18-20% Multi ST
  • + 6% abs 22-24% Mono 20-22% Multi MT
  • Modules
  • Life expectancy 35 years ST
  • Interconnect and encapsulation technology ST
slide11

RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Thin Film Solar Modules
  • Scaling up: Yield, throughput (area costs)
  • Module efficiency > 8 – 10% ST
  • (1 m2) 14% MT
        • 20% LT
  • TCO cost <
  • Low-cost substrates (e.g flexible)
  • Modules
  • Life expectancy 25 years ST
  • 35 years MT
slide12

RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Novel Cell Concepts
  • Dye Sensitised Cells Proof-of-Commercial Concept ST
  • Polymer/Organic ,, MT
  • Life expectancy 5-10 years ST
  • 10-20 years MT
  • Module efficiency > 4- 6% ST
  • (> 0.1 m2) 10% MT
  • 15% LT
  • Markets: consumer ST
  • power LT
slide13

RTD Technology specifictargets

  • Systems
  • General Standardization
        • Storage cost-effective
        • environmental benign (eg H2)
  • On-grid
  • Inverter (kW) Life expectancy 20 years ST
  • Price < 0.35 €/Wp ST
  • BIPV Module as standard building element ST
  • Off-grid 0.20 €/kWh (battery, extracted) ST
  • 0.15 €/kWh MT
  • Concentrators Low-cost lens and tracking systems MT
pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp61
PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)
  • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis
  • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities)
  • Engaging the construction Industry in PV
  • Socio-economic and financial issues
  • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market
  • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries
bipv characteristics
BIPV characteristics
  • (Potentially) low BOS costs
  • (In principle) best use of existing mounting and grid infrastructure
  • (Without subsidy influence) best value of electricity is at the point of use
  • Integration with Home Energy System
statement of the bipv in the eu
Statement of the BIPV in the EU
  • Lack of European strategy for BIPV development
  • Lack of effective common research between Building and PV institutes
  • Concern all the PV technologies
  • The largest potential for PV applications
slide17

Changes in Landscape

  • Need for European (BIPV) RTD Strategy
  • EU PV Program
  • European Coherency and Coordination with MS
  • Maturing industry
  • “Planning” projects
  • Close collaboration between research – industry- construction sector
pv catapult coordination action ca ec project dg research fp62
PV Catapult Coordination Action (CA)(EC project – DG Research – FP6)
  • State-of-the Art and SWOT analysis
  • Crystallising the fruits of the European RTD + D efforts (Dialogue between R&D and Industry communities EUREC-EPIA)
  • Engaging the construction Industry in PV
  • Socio-economic and financial issues
  • Opportunities, Perspectives, Potentials and Hurdles in the enlarged EU market
  • Emerging Economies and economies in developing countries
  • Cross fertilization
slide19

Recommendations

  • Establish strategy for BIPV (Research infrastructures in R&D policy ?) between the Building (R&D and Industry) and the PV (R&D and Industry)communities
  • Support manufacturers of building components
  • Reinforce cooperation between architects, construction sector, PV developers, etc.
process of setting strategy
Process of setting strategy

Industry

Community

Provide first results

to the PV Platform

Set

Priorities

Discuss

R&D

Community

Berlin(R&D)Paris(R&D+BIPV) Brussels(R&D)Nice(BIPV)

Jan. 04 Jun. 04 Nov. 04 May 05

End 2005

eu pv technology platform

National Programmes Mirror Group

Steering Committee

PV Secretariat

Developing Countries Group

Science, Technology & Application

Group

Research

Infrastructures ?

Information,

Promotion,

Education & Market Deployment Group

BIPV

Policy

&

Instruments

Group

EU PV Technology Platform
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