This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 66

第十四章 含氮有机化合物 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

第十四章 含氮有机化合物. 第一节 硝基化合物 第二节 胺 第三节 重氮和偶氮化合物 第四节 分子重排. 第一节 硝基化合物. 一、分类、命名、结构 1. 分类 硝基化合物可用通式 RNO 2 或 ArNO 2 表示。. 2. 命名 (与卤代烃相次似) 3. 硝基的结构 一般表示为 (由一个 N=O 和一个 N→O 配位键组成) 物理测试表明,两个 N—O 键键长相等,这说明硝基为 — P-π 共轭体系 ( N 原子是以 sp2 杂化成键的,其结构表示如下:. 二、硝基化合物的制备.

Download Presentation

第十四章 含氮有机化合物

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1. RNO2ArNO2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2.

3.

N=ONO

NOP-

Nsp2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1.

2.

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

NO2CH3NO2 =3.41030C.m

1(?)

TNT2,4,6-()

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

RNO2 RNH2

  • Fe+HClZn+HClSn+HClSnCl2+HCl

  • Na2SNaHS(NH4)2S, NH4HSLiAlH4

  • NiPtPd

2

FeZnSn

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

(-H )

- H- H

-

-H,-

-H 3

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

- HClaisen-H

- H

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

3

1

ZnFe

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

(HCl)FeZnSnCl2

SnCl2 + HCl

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

()

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

1

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Nsp3

N

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

KbpKb

> >

pKb 4.70 < 4.75 < 8.40

(CH3)3N > (CH3)2NH > CH3NH2 > NH3

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

NH3

+II

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

H

H

NH3 NH2COR NH(COR)2

RNH2 RNHCOR RN(COR)2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

3

N

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

4

1

12N-N,N-

NH

:N-

:

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

H

S

O

N

R

2

R

N

H

2

S

O

C

l

S

O

N

R

+

R

N

H

2

2

2

2

R

N

3

2Hinsberg

12()NH

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

5

HNO2

HNO2

N-

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

6

1

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

3

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

4

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1.

2

1

2

3

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

2

1 NaOH

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

-HSN2

-HE2

-H -H

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Hofmann-H

-H Hofmann()

Hofmann-H -H

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

-

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

NH3RNH2(1)

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

KNH2NaNH2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

1

2C-N

LiAlH4

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

3

R2CHNH2R2CHNHR()

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

4Gabriel

N-

N-

5.

RCONH2 RNH2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

2

3

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1.

1

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

X

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

Sandmeyer

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

KI

Schiemann()

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

3

H

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

(1) CH3()NO2()

(2)

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

NO2NH2N2X

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

3

1

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

a

b pH<5

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

pH10

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

-

-

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1.

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

H-X

CH3-X

CH3O3SR

H-O3SR

CH2N2 +

H-OAr

CH3OAr

H-OC=C-

CH3OC=C-

CH2N2

CH2N2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2.

  • CH2N2H

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Ag2O/H2O

Ag2O/ROH

Ag2O/NH3

3. Arndt-Eistert

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

-N=N-

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1,2

1

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1

2

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2-Wagner-Meerwein

---

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

1Backmann

Backmann

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

2Hofmann

Hofmann

Hofmann

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


5949568

Honghe University Prof Guo Ya-li


  • Login