Access to trade and growth of women s smes in apec developing economies
1 / 17

Access to Trade and Growth of Women ’ s SMEs in APEC Developing Economies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Access to Trade and Growth of Women ’ s SMEs in APEC Developing Economies. Indonesia ∙ Malaysia ∙ Philippines ∙ Thailand. Kate Bollinger WEP Workshop 2014 Ubud, Bali. Presentation Outline. Research Purpose and Partnership Overview and Methodology F indings Recommendations.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Access to Trade and Growth of Women ’ s SMEs in APEC Developing Economies' - idola

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Access to trade and growth of women s smes in apec developing economies

Access to Trade and Growth of Women’s SMEs in APEC Developing Economies

Indonesia ∙ Malaysia ∙ Philippines ∙ Thailand

Kate Bollinger

WEP Workshop 2014

Ubud, Bali

Presentation outline
Presentation Outline

  • Research Purpose and Partnership

  • Overview and Methodology

  • Findings

  • Recommendations

Purpose and partnership with apec
Purpose and Partnership with APEC

  • It is increasingly recognized that women’s full and equal participation in business has important repercussions for domestic and regional economies.

  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) commissioned a research study to increase understanding of the factors that encourage or deter access to trade and growth for women’s SMEs in:

    • Malaysia

    • The Philippines

    • Thailand

  • TAF extended the research to Indonesia

  • Research overview
    Research Overview

    • Research examined a range of micro-economic factors that affect women’s ability to start and grow SMEs in the study economies:

      • Economic and Financial Barriers

      • Government and Policy Barriers

      • Social Environment, Support Systems and Opportunities for Women

    Research methodology
    Research Methodology

    Quantitative research

    Survey questionnaire

    • Philippines

    • 100 SMEs

    • 50 exporting SMEs

    • ~50% female, ~50% male

    • Area-based quota sampling & simple random sampling

    • Indonesia

    • 108 SMEs

    • 42 exporting SMEs

    • ~50% female, ~50% male

    • Area-based quota sampling & simple random sampling

    • Malaysia

    • 92 SMEs

    • 55 exporting SMEs

    • ~50% female, ~50% male

    • Area-based quota sampling

    • Thailand

    • 80 SMEs

    • 56 exporting SMEs

    • ~50% female, ~50% male

    • Stratified random sampling

    Qualitative research

    • All Study Economies

    • Semi-structured interviews

    • Focus group discussions

    • Case studies of female entrepreneurs

    Finance loans
    Finance & Loans

    Complexity of the loan application process is a key problem for women

    owned SMEs across all countries surveyed.

    Most Challenging Part of The Loan Process: Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand

    Employee hiring and training
    Employee Hiring and Training

    • Among women and men business owners employee hiring and training was cited as their primary business challenge.

    Primary Business Challenge: All SMEs

    Employee hiring and training1
    Employee Hiring and Training

    • Women owners hire more women than men owners.

      Average Firm Size by Frequency of Interactions with Formal Networks


    Networks are recognized as important to success in business, but women-owned firms lag in formal networking.

    Frequency of Interaction with Formal Business Associations: All SMEs


    Women firm owners lag behind men in their knowledge and use of technology

    Awareness of Technologies that Would Make Business More Profitable


    • Informal payments are a problem for all business owners, especially in the Philippines.

    Perceptions of Severity of Informal Payments Problem: By APEC Economy

    Government support
    Government Support

    How Supportive is Government of Businesses Like Yours?: All SMEs Malaysia

    Women business owners in Malaysia and Thailand perceived low levels of government support.

    Social support role models mentors
    Social Support: Role Models & Mentors

    • 75% of all business owners in the study had a relative who ran their own business. Women owners are much more likely than men to have a female relative in business.

    Do You Have a Female Relative in Business?

    Key recommendations
    Key Recommendations

    • Finance and Loans:

    • Work with the private sector, including SME business associations and networks, to support potential women entrepreneurs on financial literacy and the loan application process.

    • Networks:

    • Support the capacity of business associations to reach women-owned firms and create programs to address their needs.

    • Technology:

    • Develop training programs to help women business owners more effectively use technology appropriate for their particular business.

    Key recommendations1
    Key Recommendations

    • Government Support:

    • Build opportunities for more constructive interaction between business women and the public sector through activities such as public-private dialogues and trade fairs.

    • Social Support:

    • Mentorship programs can pair women with role models to help that start their own business and navigate social constraints.

    Areas of research focus
    Areas of Research Focus

    • Economic and Financial Barriers

      • Access to finance: interest rates, loan applications, collateral requirements

      • Operational: employee hiring and training, turnover, business technologies

      • Networks: business associations, informal networks

    • Government and Policy Barriers

      • Perceptions of government

      • Access to business information from government

      • Government services

      • Corruption/informal payments

      • Crime and safety

    • Social Support Barriers

      • Domestic responsibilities

      • Role models: relatives in business, mentors