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Joana A Paulo, João HN Palma Cottbus, June 2014

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Joana A Paulo, João HN Palma Cottbus, June 2014. General overview: Agroforestry systems, mainly traditional systems, are well recognized in Portugal

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Presentation Transcript
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General overview:

  • Agroforestrysystems, mainly traditional systems, are well recognized in Portugal
      • From a list of 18 priorities included in the preliminary version (March 2014) of the new rural development plan for 2014-2020, 11 can be directly or indirectly benefit from Agroforesty systems
      • Along the document ‘Agroforestry systems’ is typed 22 times
  • The new document presents supporting measures structured in a very similar way to the previous one
  • Previous constrains, that lead to low adoption by farmers of the support for new agroforests installation ,may be maintained in the 2014-2020 period.
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Pros / Forward

      • One specific measure for the installation of Agroforestry systems (A8.1 Op2; identical do measure 2.3.2.2)
      • Minimum area: 0.5 ha
      • Definition of measures for knowledge transfer and dissemination to farmers
        • courses, demonstration activities and interchange (national and international) , technical consultation…
        • ‘greening and maintenance of agriculture land’ as one of the main subjects (although no explicit reference to agroforests is made…)
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Cons / Backward / Uncertainty

  • Zonal support to maintenance of XXXX (A7.3) still limits maximum tree density to 60 trees/ha with ht > 2,5 m
  • RPU still incompatible with the installation of Agroforestrysystems?
  • Forest management plan still for compulsory for the support to the installation of new agroforest areas??
  • Fast growing specie definition: 8 to 20 years rotation
  • No reference for support of biomass production in agroforestry systems
  • Maximum financial support for initial investment from each measure still not defined (previously this value was inferior for the measure regarding agroforestry systems installation that for the forestation measure)
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Knowledge and awareness of the benefits of new types of agroforesty systems (e.g. alley cropping) is still very limited in Portugal at political, technical and private owners scales

      • => traditional country!
  • A separation of funding measures still exists for agricultural and forest areas, that many times is traduced by a non attractive results for farmers investment
      • => Agroforestry is a ‘all man’ / ‘no man’ territory!
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Previous constrains regarding the definition of eligibility criterions, that lead to low adoption by farmers of the support for new agroforests installation ,may be maintained in the 2014-2020 period

      • => avoid this lost opportunity!
  • Opportunities for knowledge transfer for different stakeholders must be put to use!
  • => learn with others around Europe/World!
  • => exchange experiences!
  • => EURAF has an essential role in this long journey!
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