Territorial integrity xingjiang
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Territorial Integrity: Xingjiang PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Territorial Integrity: Xingjiang. Background. 1.6 million square km in size. Borders Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Abundant oil reserves. Largest natural gas producing region of China.

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Territorial Integrity: Xingjiang

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Territorial integrity xingjiang

Territorial Integrity: Xingjiang


Background

Background

  • 1.6 million square km in size.

  • Borders Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.

  • Abundant oil reserves.

  • Largest natural gas producing region of China.

  • Known as ‘Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region’ or ‘East Turkestan’.


Demographic

Demographic

  • Xinjiang is home to several ethnic groups:

    • Uyghurs

    • Uzbeks

    • Kyrgyz

    • Tatars

    • Kazakhs

    • Iranians, etc

  • Majority of the population adheres to Islam.


Xinjiang nationalities

Xinjiang nationalities


History

History

  • 1912 Qing Dynasty replaced by the Republic of China, control of the Xinjiang area taken over.

  • Nov 1933 self proclaimed ‘East Turkestan’, but overthrown.

  • 1937 Soviet Invasion in Xinjiang War.

  • Second ‘East Turkestan Republic’ established 1944-1949 with Soviet support. This ended when People’s Liberation Army entered Xinjiang in 1949. (revolution v. invasion?)


History1

History

  • During Chinese Famine Xinjiang lost a lot of residents to the Soviet Union and East China.

  • Student demonstrations in the 1980s

  • Separatist Movement:

    • 1990 Riots in the Baren Township (20 deaths)

    • 1997 Ghulja Incident

    • 1997 Urumqi bus bombings


Recent events

Recent Events

  • 2007 Xinjiang Raid

  • 2008 thwarted Suicide Bombing on China Southern Airlines flight

  • 2008 Xinjiang attack (deaths of 16 police officers 4 days before the Beijing Olympics)

  • July 2009 Urumqi riots

  • September 2009 Xinjiang unrest

  • 2010 Aksu bombing (led to trials of 376 people)

  • 2012 – April: PRC hints at Uighur terrorism links to Pakistan


Articles

Articles

  • “A year after Xinjiang Riots, Ethnic tensions simmer”

  • “Armed Han residents take to streets of Urumqi seeking revenge”

  • Council of Foreign Relations Article – on wikispaces


Activity

Activity

  • How does the Xinjiang area relate to the national interest of ‘Territorial Integrity’?

  • What reasons do the Uighur give for their protests?

  • What are some similarities and differences between the Uighur protests in Xinjiang and the Taiwan independence movements?


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