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Journal 2.21.14. Name the three branches of government. Then, analyze why they all have different roles in the government. . Separation of Powers & Check and Balances. Goals. Know the three branches of the government. Be able to list one check and balance for each branch. .

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journal 2 21 14
Journal 2.21.14
  • Name the three branches of government. Then, analyze why they all have different roles in the government.
goals
Goals
  • Know the three branches of the government.
  • Be able to list one check and balance for each branch.
separation of powers
Separation of Powers
  • Giving the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
  • Framers of the constitution included this for one main reason:
  • To prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule.
    • Having only one branch could lead to monarchy or dictatorship
3 branches
3 Branches
  • Legislative Branch
    • Made up of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives
  • The Executive Branch
    • Includes the President, Vice President, and Executive Departments.
  • The Judicial Branch
    • Composed of federal courts and the Supreme Court
executive branch
Executive Branch
  • Powers:
    • Veto power, appointment of judges, make treaties, pardon power, commander in chief of Military
  • Checks:
    • Legislature: can override vetoes, refuse to confirm appointments, reject treaties, declare war, impeach the president.
    • Judicial: can declare executive acts unconstitutional.
legislature
Legislature
  • Powers:
    • pass federal laws, establish all lower federal courts, override presidential veto, impeach the president,
  • Checks:
    • Executive: can veto any bill, call Congress into session.
    • Judicial: Declare laws unconstitutional
judicial branch
Judicial Branch
  • Powers:
    • try federal cases, interpret laws, declare executive actions and laws unconstitutional.
  • Checks:
    • Executive: appoints judges
    • Legislative: can impeach judges, approves presidential appointments, amend constitution to overturn judicial decisions.
examples of checks and balances
Examples of Checks and Balances
  • President appoints judges and department heads, but must be approved by the Senate.
  • Supreme court can rule a law unconstitutional, making it invalid, but, congress can amend the constitution.
  • Congress passes laws, but the president can veto it, which in turn can be overridden by the congress.
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