Journal 2 21 14
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Journal 2.21.14. Name the three branches of government. Then, analyze why they all have different roles in the government. . Separation of Powers & Check and Balances. Goals. Know the three branches of the government. Be able to list one check and balance for each branch. .

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Journal 2.21.14

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Journal 2 21 14

Journal 2.21.14

  • Name the three branches of government. Then, analyze why they all have different roles in the government.


Separation of powers check and balances

Separation of Powers & Check and Balances


Goals

Goals

  • Know the three branches of the government.

  • Be able to list one check and balance for each branch.


Separation of powers

Separation of Powers

  • Giving the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.

  • Framers of the constitution included this for one main reason:

  • To prevent the majority from achieving absolute rule.

    • Having only one branch could lead to monarchy or dictatorship


3 branches

3 Branches

  • Legislative Branch

    • Made up of Congress (Senate and House of Representatives

  • The Executive Branch

    • Includes the President, Vice President, and Executive Departments.

  • The Judicial Branch

    • Composed of federal courts and the Supreme Court


Executive branch

Executive Branch

  • Powers:

    • Veto power, appointment of judges, make treaties, pardon power, commander in chief of Military

  • Checks:

    • Legislature: can override vetoes, refuse to confirm appointments, reject treaties, declare war, impeach the president.

    • Judicial: can declare executive acts unconstitutional.


Legislature

Legislature

  • Powers:

    • pass federal laws, establish all lower federal courts, override presidential veto, impeach the president,

  • Checks:

    • Executive: can veto any bill, call Congress into session.

    • Judicial: Declare laws unconstitutional


Judicial branch

Judicial Branch

  • Powers:

    • try federal cases, interpret laws, declare executive actions and laws unconstitutional.

  • Checks:

    • Executive: appoints judges

    • Legislative: can impeach judges, approves presidential appointments, amend constitution to overturn judicial decisions.


Examples of checks and balances

Examples of Checks and Balances

  • President appoints judges and department heads, but must be approved by the Senate.

  • Supreme court can rule a law unconstitutional, making it invalid, but, congress can amend the constitution.

  • Congress passes laws, but the president can veto it, which in turn can be overridden by the congress.


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