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WRITING SKILL. Trần Văn Thái-DH8D. CONTENTS. THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING Vietnamese-English translation Grammar Styles II. GUIDELINES. VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Translating word by word from Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)

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Trần Văn Thái-DH8D

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WRITING

SKILL

Trần Văn Thái-DH8D


CONTENTS

  • THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING

    • Vietnamese-English translation

    • Grammar

    • Styles

  • II. GUIDELINES

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VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Translating word by wordfrom Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)

  • This causes grammar and vocabulary mistakes

  • Readers cannot understand

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EXAMPLES OF WORD BY WORD TRANSLATION

1. He is difficult.

Difficult  unsociable (strict)

2. We took a bath in the sea when we went to Ha Tien Beach.

Took a bath  swam

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COMMON GRAMMAR MISTAKES

  • Wrong verb tenses

  • Misuse of confusing structures

  • Adjective order

  • Position of adverbs

  • Run-on sentences

  • Fragment sentences

  • Subject-verb agreement

  • Using articles

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TENSES OF VERB

EX: Before the Second Word War Einstein has discovered his famous formula E=MC2

Has discovered  had discovered

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CONFUSING STRUCTURES

Writers misuse grammar structures that have similar forms but different meanings

  • EX: “USE TO” / “TO BE USE TO”

  • - Men are used to believing in their superiority over women

  • - Men used to believe in their superiority over women

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ADJECTIVE ORDER

1.OPINION(enjoyable/horrible/boring)An enjoyable film

2.DIMENSION (SIZE)(large/tiny/heavy)A disgusting little insect

3.AGE(old/young/modern)A beautiful tall young woman

4.SHAPE(round/square/rectangular)

A large old oval painting

5.COLOR(green/black/red)A small square black and white photograph

6.WHERE FROM (French/Russia/Vietnamese)An ugly modern American car

7.MATERIAL MADE OF (silver/paper/plastic)A pink Japanese silk blouse

NOTE:do not use more than three adjectives before a noun

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ADVERB ORDER

1. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of TIMZI go for a walk round the parkevery day2. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of TIMEI go for a walk round the parkvery slowlyevery day3.Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of FREQUENCY + Adv. TIMEI go for a walk round the parkvery slowlytwiceevery day

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COMMON MISTAKES IN SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

  • FRAGMENTS

    Wrong: He was very happy. Because he had passed the exam

    Right: He was very happy because he…

  • SPLITTING OF INFINITIVES

    Poor: I told him to carefully drive on slippery street.

    Better: I told him to drive carefully on slippery street.

  • PLURAL / SINGULAR NOUNS

    Wrong: If a pupil studies hard, they will pass the exam

    Right: If a pupil studies hard, he or she will pass the exam

    Or If pupils study hard, they will pass the exam

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MISTAKES OF WRITING STYLES

1. Formal  Informal writing style

2. Directness

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GUIDELINES

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  • Express your ideas clearly

  • Write good sentences which show

    • Unity

    • Coherence

    • Emphasis

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VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION

  • Use sentence patterns

  • Think in english as much as possible

  • Reduce the use bilingual dictionary

  • Write drafts

  • Check & correct mistakes

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  • Organise your ideas carefully

  • Learn and practice grammar structures

  • “Do not write over three lines each sentence!”

  • Read a lot

  • Writing journal

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GUIDELINES

1. VARY SENTENCE LENGTH AND PATTERNS

EX: I have a little brother. His name is Tom. He’s now in the eighth form. His fovourite subject at school is English.

 I have a little brother whose name is Tom. He is now in the eighth form and his favourite subject is English.

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GUIDELINES

2. USE COORDINATION, COMPOUNDING, SUBORDINATION, REDUCTION…

EX: Poor: He is not a good pupil. He passed the examination successfully.

Better: He is not a good pupil, but he passed the examination successfully.

Weak: He got good marks in the exam. His parents rewarded him.

Clear: His parent rewarded him when he got good mark in the exam.

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On-line resources for writers

  • http:// owl. trc. purdue. edu/ by-topic.html

  • http://www.coe.uncc.edu/~brmattin/adds.html

  • http://webserver.maclab.comp.uvic.ca/ writersguide/Essay/ EssaysTOC. html

  • http:// sti.larc. nasa. gov/ html/Chapt3/Chapt3-TOC.html

  • http://www. hut. fi. / ~rvilmi / LangHelp/ Writing/

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BE PATIENT!

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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!!

www.themegallery.com


TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT

  • STUDY THE CORRECT SPELLING OF A NEW WORD CAREFULLY

    • LOOK AT IT ATTENTIVELY

    • PRONOUNCE IT ALOUD

    • SYLLABLE BY SYLLABLE

    • TRY TO SEE THE PRINTED WORD IN YOUR MIND

      ALLOW YOURSELF TO CHECK THE SPEELING THAT YOU ARE UNSURE.

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TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT

  • MASTER A LIST OF MISSPELLED WORDS

Practice writing these troublesome words several times.

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TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT

  • MASTER THE RULES OF SPELLING. IN SPITE OF EXEPTIONS, THOSE RULES ARE TRUE MOST OF THE TIME

  • THE FINAL “Y” RULE

  • THE FINAL “E” RULE

  • RULE FOR DOUBLING A FINAL CONSONANT

  • RULES FOR FORMING PLURALS

  • THE IE-EI RULE

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DISCRIBING PEOPLE

HAIRCOLOR, HAIRSTYLE, FACE, DISTINGUISHING FEATURES, PERSONALITY, DRESS, ACCESSORIES, MOOD/FEEL, HOBBIES, FAMILY BACKGROUND…


fashionable

neat

shy

calm

talkative

PERSONALITY

amusing

refined

aggressive

optimistic

mousey

pessimistic

reliable

“spunky”

elegant


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