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WRITING SKILL. Trần Văn Thái-DH8D. CONTENTS. THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING Vietnamese-English translation Grammar Styles II. GUIDELINES. VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Translating word by word from Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)

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tr n v n th i dh8d

WRITING

SKILL

Trần Văn Thái-DH8D

contents
CONTENTS
  • THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING
    • Vietnamese-English translation
    • Grammar
    • Styles
  • II. GUIDELINES

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vietnamese english translation
VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Translating word by wordfrom Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)

  • This causes grammar and vocabulary mistakes
  • Readers cannot understand

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slide4

EXAMPLES OF WORD BY WORD TRANSLATION

1. He is difficult.

Difficult  unsociable (strict)

2. We took a bath in the sea when we went to Ha Tien Beach.

Took a bath  swam

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common grammar mistakes
COMMON GRAMMAR MISTAKES
  • Wrong verb tenses
  • Misuse of confusing structures
  • Adjective order
  • Position of adverbs
  • Run-on sentences
  • Fragment sentences
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Using articles

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tenses of verb
TENSES OF VERB

EX: Before the Second Word War Einstein has discovered his famous formula E=MC2

Has discovered  had discovered

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confusing structures
CONFUSING STRUCTURES

Writers misuse grammar structures that have similar forms but different meanings

  • EX: “USE TO” / “TO BE USE TO”
  • - Men are used to believing in their superiority over women
  • - Men used to believe in their superiority over women

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adjective order
ADJECTIVE ORDER

1.OPINION(enjoyable/horrible/boring)An enjoyable film

2.DIMENSION (SIZE)(large/tiny/heavy)A disgusting little insect

3.AGE(old/young/modern)A beautiful tall young woman

4.SHAPE(round/square/rectangular)

A large old oval painting

5.COLOR(green/black/red)A small square black and white photograph

6.WHERE FROM (French/Russia/Vietnamese)An ugly modern American car

7.MATERIAL MADE OF (silver/paper/plastic)A pink Japanese silk blouse

NOTE:do not use more than three adjectives before a noun

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adverb order
ADVERB ORDER

1. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of TIMZ I go for a walk round the parkevery day2. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of TIME I go for a walk round the parkvery slowlyevery day3.Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of FREQUENCY + Adv. TIMEI go for a walk round the parkvery slowlytwiceevery day

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COMMON MISTAKES IN SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

  • FRAGMENTS

Wrong: He was very happy. Because he had passed the exam

Right: He was very happy because he…

  • SPLITTING OF INFINITIVES

Poor: I told him to carefully drive on slippery street.

Better: I told him to drive carefully on slippery street.

  • PLURAL / SINGULAR NOUNS

Wrong: If a pupil studies hard, they will pass the exam

Right: If a pupil studies hard, he or she will pass the exam

Or If pupils study hard, they will pass the exam

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mistakes of writing styles
MISTAKES OF WRITING STYLES

1. Formal  Informal writing style

2. Directness

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slide12

GUIDELINES

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slide13
Express your ideas clearly
  • Write good sentences which show
    • Unity
    • Coherence
    • Emphasis

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vietnamese english translation1
VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION
  • Use sentence patterns
  • Think in english as much as possible
  • Reduce the use bilingual dictionary
  • Write drafts
  • Check & correct mistakes

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slide15

Organise your ideas carefully

  • Learn and practice grammar structures
  • “Do not write over three lines each sentence!”
  • Read a lot
  • Writing journal

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guidelines
GUIDELINES

1. VARY SENTENCE LENGTH AND PATTERNS

EX: I have a little brother. His name is Tom. He’s now in the eighth form. His fovourite subject at school is English.

 I have a little brother whose name is Tom. He is now in the eighth form and his favourite subject is English.

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guidelines1
GUIDELINES

2. USE COORDINATION, COMPOUNDING, SUBORDINATION, REDUCTION…

EX: Poor: He is not a good pupil. He passed the examination successfully.

Better: He is not a good pupil, but he passed the examination successfully.

Weak: He got good marks in the exam. His parents rewarded him.

Clear: His parent rewarded him when he got good mark in the exam.

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on line resources for writers
On-line resources for writers
  • http:// owl. trc. purdue. edu/ by-topic.html
  • http://www.coe.uncc.edu/~brmattin/adds.html
  • http://webserver.maclab.comp.uvic.ca/ writersguide/Essay/ EssaysTOC. html
  • http:// sti.larc. nasa. gov/ html/Chapt3/Chapt3-TOC.html
  • http://www. hut. fi. / ~rvilmi / LangHelp/ Writing/

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BE PATIENT!

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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!!

www.themegallery.com

techniques for spelling improvement
TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT
  • STUDY THE CORRECT SPELLING OF A NEW WORD CAREFULLY
    • LOOK AT IT ATTENTIVELY
    • PRONOUNCE IT ALOUD
    • SYLLABLE BY SYLLABLE
    • TRY TO SEE THE PRINTED WORD IN YOUR MIND

ALLOW YOURSELF TO CHECK THE SPEELING THAT YOU ARE UNSURE.

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techniques for spelling improvement1
TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT
  • MASTER A LIST OF MISSPELLED WORDS

Practice writing these troublesome words several times.

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techniques for spelling improvement2
TECHNIQUES FOR SPELLING IMPROVEMENT
  • MASTER THE RULES OF SPELLING. IN SPITE OF EXEPTIONS, THOSE RULES ARE TRUE MOST OF THE TIME
  • THE FINAL “Y” RULE
  • THE FINAL “E” RULE
  • RULE FOR DOUBLING A FINAL CONSONANT
  • RULES FOR FORMING PLURALS
  • THE IE-EI RULE

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slide27

DISCRIBING PEOPLE

HAIRCOLOR, HAIRSTYLE, FACE, DISTINGUISHING FEATURES, PERSONALITY, DRESS, ACCESSORIES, MOOD/FEEL, HOBBIES, FAMILY BACKGROUND…

slide28

fashionable

neat

shy

calm

talkative

PERSONALITY

amusing

refined

aggressive

optimistic

mousey

pessimistic

reliable

“spunky”

elegant

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