WRITING SKILL. Trần Văn Thái-DH8D. CONTENTS. THREE MAIN MISTAKES IN WRITING Vietnamese-English translation Grammar Styles II. GUIDELINES. VIETNAMESE-ENGLISH TRANSLATION. Translating word by word from Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)
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Trần Văn Thái-DH8D
Translating word by wordfrom Vietnamese into English (using bilingual dictionary)
EXAMPLES OF WORD BY WORD TRANSLATION
1. He is difficult.
Difficult unsociable (strict)
2. We took a bath in the sea when we went to Ha Tien Beach.
Took a bath swam
EX: Before the Second Word War Einstein has discovered his famous formula E=MC2
Has discovered had discovered
Writers misuse grammar structures that have similar forms but different meanings
1.OPINION(enjoyable/horrible/boring)An enjoyable film
2.DIMENSION (SIZE)(large/tiny/heavy)A disgusting little insect
3.AGE(old/young/modern)A beautiful tall young woman
A large old oval painting
5.COLOR(green/black/red)A small square black and white photograph
6.WHERE FROM (French/Russia/Vietnamese)An ugly modern American car
7.MATERIAL MADE OF (silver/paper/plastic)A pink Japanese silk blouse
NOTE:do not use more than three adjectives before a noun
1. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of TIMZ I go for a walk round the parkevery day2. Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of TIME I go for a walk round the parkvery slowlyevery day3.Adv. of PLACE + Adv. of MANNER + Adv. of FREQUENCY + Adv. TIMEI go for a walk round the parkvery slowlytwiceevery day
Wrong: He was very happy. Because he had passed the exam
Right: He was very happy because he…
Poor: I told him to carefully drive on slippery street.
Better: I told him to drive carefully on slippery street.
Wrong: If a pupil studies hard, they will pass the exam
Right: If a pupil studies hard, he or she will pass the exam
Or If pupils study hard, they will pass the exam
1. Formal Informal writing style
1. VARY SENTENCE LENGTH AND PATTERNS
EX: I have a little brother. His name is Tom. He’s now in the eighth form. His fovourite subject at school is English.
I have a little brother whose name is Tom. He is now in the eighth form and his favourite subject is English.
2. USE COORDINATION, COMPOUNDING, SUBORDINATION, REDUCTION…
EX: Poor: He is not a good pupil. He passed the examination successfully.
Better: He is not a good pupil, but he passed the examination successfully.
Weak: He got good marks in the exam. His parents rewarded him.
Clear: His parent rewarded him when he got good mark in the exam.
ALLOW YOURSELF TO CHECK THE SPEELING THAT YOU ARE UNSURE.
Practice writing these troublesome words several times.
HAIRCOLOR, HAIRSTYLE, FACE, DISTINGUISHING FEATURES, PERSONALITY, DRESS, ACCESSORIES, MOOD/FEEL, HOBBIES, FAMILY BACKGROUND…