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Finance Overview: AEA’s/LEA’s. Barb Harms Business Manager Grant Wood Area Education Agency Management Team Meeting – 11/3/06. How AEA’s are Funded:. Per pupil funding based on LEA enrollments Formula is separate for 3 service areas (Media, Ed Services, Special Education)

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Finance Overview: AEA’s/LEA’s

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Finance overview aea s lea s

Finance Overview: AEA’s/LEA’s

Barb Harms

Business Manager

Grant Wood Area Education Agency

Management Team Meeting – 11/3/06

How aea s are funded

How AEA’s are Funded:

  • Per pupil funding based on LEA enrollments

  • Formula is separate for 3 service areas (Media, Ed Services, Special Education)

  • No direct taxing authority

Other aea revenues

Other AEA Revenues:

  • Federal funds – IDEA, Part C, etc.

  • Various other state, local grants

  • Sales of non-mandated services (such as printing, computer services, SEMS)

  • AEA’s also receive State funding for Juvenile Home/Shelter instructional programs

Show through concept

“Show-through” concept:

  • Each district includes the AEA per pupil funds in their budget to generate the dollars earmarked for AEA’s.

  • Districts generate property taxes for the AEA’s through their levy rate

  • The funnel is on paper only – dollars actually are paid directly from the State to each AEA

Finance formula

Finance Formula:

  • AEA cost per pupil X enrollment

  • Cost per pupil grows each year by the allowable growth amount (4% for FY 08)

  • Child-based: allowable spending is based on number of students counted

Finance formula cont d

Finance Formula (cont’d):

  • Special Education Services

    • Funding is a mix of State aid & prop taxes

    • Enrollment includes weighting for children with IEP’s

      AEA cost per pupil

      X Weighted Enrollment

      = Budget for Special Education services

Finance formula cont d1

Finance Formula (cont’d):

  • Media/Technology and Educational Services

    • Funded entirely from property taxes

    • Enrollment includes approved nonpublics

      AEA cost per pupil

      X Actual Enrollment (public & nonpublic)

      = Budgets for Media/Ed Services

Finance formula cont d2

Finance Formula (cont’d):

Special Education$16,754,381

Media Services$ 2,927,692

Educational Services$ 3,213,132

State Reduction$ (1,999,562)

“Controlled Funding”$20,895,643

2006 2007 budgeted revenues

2006-2007 Budgeted Revenues

Funding for lea s 5 basic principles

Funding for LEA’s: 5 basic principles

  • Funding based on number of students

  • State “equalizes” funding through a mix of state aid & property taxes

  • Legislature sets allowable growth – the annual increase in the “cost per student”

  • Local property taxes are a critical part of the formula

  • Funding sources have restrictions on their use

Funding for lea s

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 1: Funding based on number of students

    Increases or decreases in enrollment affect district budgets.

    • The count on October 1 is used to establish the district’s budget for the following year

    • That means revenues are always a year behind the actual number of children we are serving in our classrooms

Funding for lea s1

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 2: Equalization - the school aid formula relies on two sources of revenue

    • State General Fund appropriations

    • Locally raised property taxes

    • Results in a maximum expenditure per pupil and therefore a maximum amount a district can raise and spend

School foundation formula

School Foundation Formula

  • Three components

    • Uniform Levy - Property tax levy of $5.40 per thousand of taxable valuation.

    • State Foundation Percentage - Amount the state pays in excess of $5.40 - varies by district (87.5% of cost per pupil).

    • Additional Levy - Property tax levy which funds the difference between the Combined District Cost and the sum of the Uniform Levy and the State Foundation Percentage.

School foundation formula1

School Foundation Formula

School finance spending authority

School Finance - Spending Authority

  • Spending authority is the sum of:

    • Combined District Cost (property tax and state aid)

    • Miscellaneous income

    • Unspent balance from previous years

  • Why important?

    • Districts cannot exceed spending authority

    • Not the same as cash

Funding for lea s2

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 3: Allowable growth

    The Legislature sets the annual increase in the “cost per student”.

    • Growth rate is set over a year in advance to allow schools to meet budget deadlines

    • Rate for 2006-07 was 4% ($5,128 per student)

    • Rate for 2007-08 is 4% ($5,333 per student)

Funding for lea s3

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 3: Allowable growth (cont’d)

    • When is 4% allowable growth not 4%?

      • If a district has an enrollment increase, their “new money” will be more than 4%

      • If a district has an enrollment decline, their “new money” will be less than 4%

      • The budget guarantee has been used to cushion districts that have enrollment declines – it is now being phased out

Funding for lea s4

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 4: Local property taxes

    Why not remove property taxes from formula?

    • Lawmakers would have to replace $1.1 billion dollars statewide with sales tax or income tax

    • Property taxes add stability – if sales tax was used, funding would fluctuate based on spending

Funding for lea s5

Funding for LEA’s:

  • # 5: Restrictions on funding sources

    • Finance formula revenues go to the General Fund (salaries, supplies, etc.)

    • Other funding streams for facilities

    • Can’t be commingled or use excess in general fund for facilities

Lea funding facilities

LEA Funding - Facilities

Facility Related Levies

  • Board-Approved Physical Plant and Equipment Levy (PPEL).

  • Voter-Approved PPEL - simple majority vote required.

  • Bonded Debt - requires 60% majority vote, then Debt Service levy used to repay debt

  • Public Education and Recreation Levy (PERL). Public use playgrounds/recreation facilities.

  • Local option sales tax - maximum of $0.01 additional local option sales tax for school infrastructure - 97 of 99 counties have this

Funding for lea s6

Funding for LEA’s:

  • Program Levies

    • Instructional Support Levy (ISL)

      • Maximum of 10% of Regular Program Budget.

      • Can be either property taxes or income surtax, or combination.

      • Can be board-approved (maximum five years - subject to petition) or voter-approved (maximum 10 years).

Lea funding other levies

LEA Funding - Other Levies

  • Management Levy

    • Used to pay unemployment benefits, property insurance and early retirement benefits.

  • Cash Reserve Levy

    • Used to generate cash for the General Fund of the school district.

    • Generated by property tax via school board action annually.

    • Used to fund spending authority but does not directly generate spending authority.

Summarizing aea lea finance

Summarizing AEA/LEA Finance

  • What is common?

    • State funding based on number of students

    • Other revenues from grants, misc sources

    • Allowable growth

    • Weighted enrollment

Summarizing aea lea finance1

Summarizing AEA/LEA Finance

  • What is different?

    • Schools have taxing authority, AEA’s don’t

    • LEA finance formula is more complex

    • Schools have separate funding sources for facilities & other costs

    • AEA’s generate revenues from sales of non-mandated services

School finance web resources

School Finance - Web Resources

  • IASB:

  • IASBO:

  • Dept. of Education:

  • Legislature - bills, amendments, etc.

  • Dept. of Revenue and Finance:

School finance contacts

School Finance - Contacts

  • Iowa Association of School Boards (IASB)

    • Larry Sigel, School Finance Director

      515-288-1991 ext. 235

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