Ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt. A Map of Ancient Egypt. Populated Areas. There were three main areas that were populated in Egypt: 1. The Nile Valley sole source of water for Egypt Predictable flooding provided rich fertile soil Both revered and feared (too much flooding or droughts)
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There were three main areas that were populated in Egypt:
1. The Nile Valley
deserts provided protection and shelter from outside influences
Access to Mediterranean increased and expanded trade and culture
culture was one of stability and not rapid change
Deserts were an important source of minerals and building supplies (copper, tin, gold and natron, the drying agent used in mummification)
MA’AT-symbol of the equilibrium
of the universe
This scene depicts what occurs after a person has died, according to the ancient Egyptians.
panel of 14 judges
ankh, the key of life
Weighing of the heart vs Ma’at
Judgment of scale
record of the outcome
Mummification focused on Egyptian belief of the importance of preserving the body
Afterlife would be spent enjoying best of life experiences
Body covered with natron and dried for up to 70 days
Body wrapped in linen coated with resins and oils
Middle Kingdom became customary to place a mask over the face
Removal of organs (lungs, stomach, intestines, liver) in Canopic Jars were closed with stoppers fashioned in the shape of four heads -- human, baboon, falcon, and jackal - representing the four protective spirits called the Four Sons of Horus.
brain was sucked out of the cranial cavity and thrown away because the Egyptian's thought it was useless.
What is the Rosetta Stone?
Why is it in three different scripts?
When was the Rosetta Stone found?
What does the Rosetta Stone say?
In Egyptian art, the translation of information was more
important than realism. In creating Egyptian wall art,
several rules must be followed.
Role of Women
Well treated and had considerable legal rights compared to other civilizations
Same legal rights as men (land, property, divorce)
Left women to be economically independent
Primary role was in domestic life
Common title for a married women in ancient Egypt was “nebet per” meaning “the lady of the house”
Bear and raise children
Role of Men
Head of the family
Men could have numerous wives but economically men had only 1 wife
Jobs were hereditary
Map of Ancient Trade Routes From Mesopotamia to Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea