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Developed by: Fred Burkey Florida Yard’s and Neighborhoods Martin and St. Lucie County PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Introduction To FYN. Developed by: Fred Burkey Florida Yard’s and Neighborhoods Martin and St. Lucie County. Florida Yards & Neighborhoods .

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Developed by: Fred Burkey Florida Yard’s and Neighborhoods Martin and St. Lucie County

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Introduction To FYN

Developed by: Fred Burkey

Florida Yard’s and Neighborhoods

Martin and St. Lucie County


Florida Yards & Neighborhoods

The Florida Yards & Neighborhoods program is an educational outreach program informing homeowners how they can be more environmentally friendly with their landscape care practices and how this can help protect Florida's natural environment for future generations.


Objectives of FYN

* Rreduce stormwater runoff

* Decrease non-point source pollution

* Conserve water

* Enhance wildlife habitat

* Create beautiful landscapes


What is a "Florida Yard"?

A Florida Yard can take any form...unique or traditional. You can create a Florida Yard simply by changing the way you take care of your yard.


Principles of A Florida Yard

* Right plant, right place

* Water efficiently

* Fertilize appropriately

* Mulch

* Attract wildlife

* Manage yard pests responsibly

* Recycle yard waste

* Reduce stormwater runoff

* Protect the waterfront


LANDSCAPING IS DIFFERENT HERE

Developed by: Fred Burkey

Florida Yard’s and Neighborhoods

Martin and St. Lucie County


YANKEE VIEW


REALITY


H2O

SUSTAINS LIFE ON EARTH

* Under ideal conditions, an adult can live for over a month without food, but only 10 days without water.

* Population is increasing,

but water is not!


Domestic Water Use

  • American water use is high compared to other nations.

    • Twice European use

  • Florida has the highest domestic water use in U.S.

    • Partly due to irrigation of lawns and landscapes

Fishing Pier, St. Lucie River

USGS, 1998


Where does it come from?

  • 95% of Florida’s drinking water comes from groundwater

  • Groundwater resources are depleted when water is withdrawn faster than replenished

    • Over pumping

    • Drought reduces recharge


Mining Ground Water

A river of water ?

Salt water intrusionis also a concern


WATER WATER EVERYWHERE AND NOT A DROP TO DRINK

1% of all water on earth is available to drink.

97% of all water on earth is salt water.


THE GULF STREAM

SWIFT, NARROW WESTERN BOUNDARY CURRENT

* Width is about 31-47 miles

* Depth of about 1-1.5 miles

* Flows northeastward

* Flow has a velocity of 2-6.5 miles per hour

* Starts it’s journey in the Caribbean

* Has a water temperature of 80

* Warm water gives Europe it’s mild weather


SEA SUFACE

TEMPERATURE

* warm waters (red areas)

* orange circular warm eddies

* yellow circular cold eddies

CHLOROPHYLL CONCENTRATION

* High (red-brown)

* Intermediate (green)

* Lowest (blue)


USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map


Florida Soils

  • High sand content

  • Low organic matter content

    • Rainfall

    • Humidity

    • Temperature

    • Micro-organisms

Coarse-Textured Soils

Low Water Holding Capacity

Fine-Textured Soils

High Water Holding Capacity


THE KEYS TO LANDSCAPING SUCCESS

* Proper planning and plant selection:

* Plan First, Plant Once

* Site Analysis

* Know your Plants

* Selecting and Installing Plants

* Current Use of Your Property

* Proper turf selection

* Proper landscape maintenance


PLAN FIRST, PLANT ONCE

  • * This is a process, not a one-time event!

  • * Utilize regional gardening books and magazines.

  • * Consult with your UF County Extension Office.

  • * Ask qualified nursery professionals for advice.

  • * Know the plants and what they require to thrive.

  • * Have a plan!


SITE ANALYSIS

  • What are the site characteristics?

    • * Soil

      • sand, silt, clay, organic matter content

      • pH

    • * Light

      • sun or shade

    • * Drainage

      • wet

      • dry

      • drainage patterns

    • * Structures and obstacles

      • power lines

      • sidewalks / driveways


KNOW YOUR PLANTS

* What is the mature size of the plant?

* Does it grow well in sun or shade?

* Does it grow well in wet or dry soils?

* Is it salt tolerant?

* Is it susceptible to pests which may be difficultto control?

Helianthus debilis

‘Beach Daisy’


PROPER TURF SELECTION

MAJOR GRASS SPECIES IN SOUTH FLORIDA

St. Augustine

Bahia

Bermuda


Irrigation


RAIN

Rainfall averages 56 inches a year


IRRIGATION IS OFTEN NECESSARY IN FLORIDA

* Half of the rain falls from June through September

* Sandy soils do not hold much water

* Less rainfall occurs during the winter and spring

* temperatures can be over 90°F six months per year


CAN YOU OVER WATER ?


TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING ?

Over watering occurs when water is applied too frequently or in excessive amounts.

* Encourages growth of fungi and bacteria

* Promotes a shallow root system

* Reduces oxygen to the roots, causing stress

* Encourages weed growth

Pennywort is a good indication of an over watered lawn.


WHEN DO I WATER

  • * Early morning or evening

    • Temperature is cool and wind is calm

    • 40% - 60% of water applied evaporates in the afternoon sun!

  • * Some Water Management Districts mandate:

No watering between

9 AM and 4 PM

Year - round!


HOW MUCH ?

* Apply ½ to ¾ inch water per application.

* Soak soil thoroughly to promote a deeper, more drought tolerant root system

Efficient watering wets only the root zone


PROPER LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE

* Prune properly

* Plant nutrition

* Fertilization

* Pest management


WHAT IS PRUNING

* Pruning is the

Selective removal of vegetative growth, typically shoots and branches


WHY PRUNE?

* Remove dead or diseased wood

* Maintain or improve plant vigor

* Control plant size and form

* Train young plants

* Influence flower or fruit production

* Safety

* Rejuvenate old shrubs


IS THIS PRUNED PROPERLY?


IS THIS PRUNED PROPERLY?

How Do You Know!

  • A proper pruning

  • cut will allow the callus or wound wood to grow in a circular or

  • ring shaped fashion.


PALM PRUNING


PLANT NUTRITION

pH

  • * The alkalinity or acidity of the soil

  • Measured on a scale of 0 to 14

    • less than 7 is acid

    • 7 is neutral

    • more than 7 is alkaline

  • * Influences uptake of some nutrients

  • * Ideal range is between 5.5 and 6.5


pH OF FLORIDA SOILS

  • Often above pH 7, especially in southern Florida

  • Influenced by soil parent material

  • Influenced by ground water


VISUAL DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS

  • * Indicates a disturbance of plant metabolism

  • * Should not be ignored

  • * Take corrective and, later, preventative measures


FERTILIZE APPROPRIATLY


WHAT TYPE OF FERTILIZER?

  • * Read and understand the fertilizer label

  • * Look for the “guaranteed analysis”

    • list of the percentage of N,P, & K

    • a good fertilizer generally has 1.5 to 2 times as much N as K

  • * Look for terms like “slow release”, “resin coated”, plastic coated”, “water insoluble”, etc.


WHAT TYPE OF FERTILIZER?

* Select a fertilizer containing at least 30% of the N in slow-release form

* Slow release fertilizers cost initially but are more cost-effective in the long run

* Slow release fertilizers are the most environmentally safe types


WHAT TYPE OF FERTILIZER?

* Use care when selecting fertilizers containing weed killer or insecticide

* The pesticide cannot distinguish between “good” and “bad” bugs or weeds and your broad-leaved landscaped plants

8-12 inches


PEST MANAGEMENT

What is a Pest?

A plant or animal that

is out of place

Diseases, Weeds,Arthropods, Reptiles, Mammals, etc.


Biology and Identification

of Pests and Beneficials

Preventative

Practices

Evaluation &

Follow-up

IPM

Program

Make Action

Decision

Monitor Pest

Populations

Action Threshold


MONITORING METHOD

* Mix 1.5 fl. oz. dishwashing soap in 2 gal. water

* Drench 4 ft2 area with the solution

* Count insects that emerge

* Examine 3 - 4 random places in healthy turf

* Concentrate along the

edges of brown patches

* Also works for chinch

bugs


USE PESTICIDES

as a

LAST RESORT !!


Martin County/

University of Florida

Cooperative Extension Service

2614 SE Dixie Highway

Stuart, Florida 34996

(772) 288-5654

St Lucie County/

University of Florida

Cooperative Extension Service

8400 Picos Rd Suite 101

Ft. Pierce, Florida 34945

(772) 462-1660


Martin County/

University of Florida

Cooperative Extension Service

2614 SE Dixie Highway

Stuart, Florida 34996

(561) 288-5654


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