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INTEGRATED FOREST PROTECTION. LEARNING OBJECTIVES Principles of IFP Application of IFP to Nurseries Strategies and Tools for IFP in Forests. Integrated Forest Protection. Interdisciplinary (Systems approach) Clear goals Ecological basis Pest interactions Plant Disease Triangle

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Presentation Transcript
integrated forest protection

INTEGRATED FOREST PROTECTION

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Principles of IFP

Application of IFP to Nurseries

Strategies and Tools for IFP in Forests

integrated forest protection1
Integrated Forest Protection
  • Interdisciplinary (Systems approach)
    • Clear goals
  • Ecological basis
    • Pest interactions
    • Plant Disease Triangle
  • Economic (or action) thresholds
  • Use a variety of tactics and treatments in a coordinated approach
    • Prevention of pest problems
systems approach
Systems Approach

Forest Management

(What are your Goals?)

Pest Management

slide5

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

HOST

PLANT DISEASE TRIANGLE

economic or action thesholds
Economic (or Action) Thesholds

Benefit = Cost

Economic Injury Level

or

Resource Impact Level

Pest Population Density

Economic Threshold

or

Action Threshold

Time

information needed to implement integrated forest protection
Information Needed to Implement Integrated Forest Protection
  • Basic biology and ecology
  • Impact data
  • Detection/monitoring systems
  • Hazard/risk rating systems
  • Treatment alternatives
hazard and risk rating models
Hazard and Risk Rating Models
  • Hazard = susceptibility
    • suitability of the environment for a specific pest
    • amount of damage that will occur if pest is present
  • Risk = Hazard + measure of pest abundance and proximity
    • probability that an infestation will occur
  • Hazard ≠ Risk
the forest insect and pathogen hazard rating system database

The Forest Insect and Pathogen Hazard Rating System Database

Cataloging hundreds of North American

Hazard Rating Models

in one cross-referenced Microsoft Access database

Andrew McMahan1 Eric L Smith2

1: ITX, Inc., Ft. Collins, CO

2: Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team, Fort Collins, CO

http://www.fs.fed.us/foresthealth/technology/

strategies

STRATEGIES

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

EARLY DETECTION

EXCLUSION

PREVENTION

PROTECTION

ERADICATION

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

HOST

tools

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

TOOLS
  • PORT OF ENTRY INSPECTIONS
  • AERIAL SURVEY
  • QUARANTINE
  • RESISTANCE
  • SILVICULTURE
  • SILVICULTURE
  • SILVICULTURE
    • CHAINSAWS
    • HOEDADS
  • FUNGICIDES
integrated nursery protection
Integrated Nursery Protection
  • Interdisciplinary (Systems approach)
    • Clear goals
  • Ecological basis
    • Pest interactions
    • Plant Disease Triangle
  • Economic (or action) thresholds
  • Use a variety of tactics and treatments in a coordinated approach
    • Prevention of pest problems
slide18

Ecological basis

    • Pest interactions
    • Plant Disease Triangle

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

information needed to implement integrated forest protection1
Information Needed to Implement Integrated Forest Protection
  • Basic biology and ecology
  • Impact data
  • Detection/monitoring systems
  • Hazard/risk rating systems
  • Treatment alternatives
slide22

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

slide25

FUMIGATION

SOLARIZATION

integrated decay management
Integrated Decay Management
  • Interdisciplinary (Systems approach)
    • Clear goals
  • Ecological basis
    • Pest interactions
    • Plant Disease Triangle
  • Economic (or action) thresholds
  • Use a variety of tactics and treatments in a coordinated approach
    • Prevention of pest problems
slide31

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

MANAGING TREE DECAY

AVOID WOUNDING

CLEAR CUT HARVEST

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

HOST

SHORT ROTATIONS

pest interactions
Pest Interactions

Competing Vegetation (-)

Pine Tip Moths (+)

Fusiform Rust (+) Pitch Canker(+)

slide33

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

PATHOGEN

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

ENVIRONMENT

HOST

HOST

STRATEGIES AND TOOLS

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