Organic sikkim
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ORGANIC SIKKIM. Since the State has been declared as Organic State in 2003, use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged on-farm and off-farm inputs such as; Vermi -compost Enriched Rural compost Integrated nutrient management Bio-fertilizers G reen manure Azolla

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ORGANIC SIKKIM

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Organic sikkim

ORGANIC SIKKIM


Organic sikkim

  • Since the State has been declared as Organic State in 2003, use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have been discouraged

  • on-farm and off-farm inputs such as;

    • Vermi-compost

    • Enriched Rural compost

    • Integrated nutrient management

    • Bio-fertilizers

    • Green manure

    • Azolla

    • Liming of the acidic soil

    • Micro nutrients


Vermicompost unit

Vermicompost Unit


Packaging of vermi compost for sale

Packaging of Vermi compost for sale


Organic sikkim

  • Bio-fertilizers being used to supplement crops:

    • Azolla,

    • Blue green algae,

    • rhizobium,

    • Azotobactor,

    • Azospirillium,

    • Phosphate solubilizing bacteria

  • Soil testing and issuing of soil health card to all the farmers

  • Static soil testing laboratory in all the districts

  • 2 mobile soil testing laboratory vehicle equipped with latest instruments are operational


  • Azolla pond

    Azolla Pond


    Improved rural compost cum urine pit

    Improved Rural Compost-cum-Urine Pit


    Organic sikkim

    DISTRICT WISE PROGRESS REPORT OF SOIL TESTING LABORATORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH CARDS DURING 2013 – 2014


    Organic sikkim

    SOIL ACIDITY AND FERTILITY STATUS OF SIKKIM

    1.Soils under different reaction classes:


    Organic sikkim

    2.Organic carbon status


    Organic sikkim

    3.Available Nitrogen status


    Organic sikkim

    4.Available Phosphorous status


    Organic sikkim

    5.Available Potassium


    Organic sikkim

    6.Available Iron status


    Organic sikkim

    7.Available Manganese status


    Organic sikkim

    8.Available Zinc status


    Organic sikkim

    9.Available Copper status:


    Organic sikkim

    • The above data shows that in Sikkim nearly 73% of cultivated area is under strongly to extremely acidic in soil reaction.

    • 91% cultivated area under low to medium in Nitrogen content

    • .However Organic carbon , Phosphorous and Potassium content are medium to high.

    • The deficient micro-nutrients are Zinc, copper and manganese.


    Organic sikkim

    INM Demonstration in Organic Maize field


    Inm in rice

    INM in Rice


    Organic sikkim

    • SOIL REACTION (Ph) AND ITS RECLAMATION

    • Due to high rainfall in the state which causes downward leaching of bases resulting in soil acidity.

    • The state has strongly to extremely acidic soil with pH ranging from 5.5 to < 4.5 in about 73% cultivated area.

    • The acidic soil needs to be reclaimed with

      • liming materials like dolomite for improving the structure,

      • uptake of plant nutrient and

      • moisture retention capacity.

    • Hence liming @ 1.5 to 2 tons per hectare is needed to neutralize the soil acidity of the state.


    Organic sikkim

    • Locally available plant species are used to prepare concoctions for using as bio-pesticides in addition to the use of bio-control agents and other Integrated Pest Management tools along with conservation of natural enemies through non-use of chemicals and crop rotation.


    Ipm strategy

    IPM strategy

    • Non-use of synthetic pesticides has led to conservation of Natural Enemies. Augmentation is done through innundative release of Trichogramma.

    • For Integrated Disease Management, Trichoderma is used extensively in addition to restricted use of the copper compounds.

    • Neem products are also popular in addition to use of cow urine and other herbal extracts.


    Continuation of withdrawn subsidy for organic farming

    Continuation of withdrawn subsidy for Organic Farming

    • Discouraging of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides has led discontinuation of subsidy to the State.

    • In lieu, the subsidy component may be extended/continued to the State for other alternative inputs such as bio-fertilizers, organic manure and bio-pesticides.

    • Such an arrangement would provide a major thrust to the on-going efforts in improving soil fertility status and for enhancing productivity and in the sustainable development of the State.


    Model organic input production demonstration farm

    Model Organic Input Production Demonstration Farm


    Rice cultivation in bench terraces

    Rice cultivation in Bench Terraces


    Thank you

    THANK YOU


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