7 Secrets of Graphic Organizers
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7 Secrets of Graphic Organizers  James Lerman Coordinator NJ Consortium for Middle Schools Kean University :: Union, NJ [email protected] Getting to the point. How do you make a peanut butter sandwich?.

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Getting to the point

7 Secrets of Graphic OrganizersJames LermanCoordinatorNJ Consortium for Middle SchoolsKean University :: Union, [email protected]


Getting to the point

Getting to

the point


How do you make a peanut butter sandwich

How do you make a peanut butter sandwich?


Getting to the point

1. If you needed to save money in making the sandwich, what are some ways you could do it?

2. If you needed to save time in making the sandwich, what are some ways you could do it?

3. What if you were having a party and had to make 50 peanut butter sandwiches. Would you follow the same process? Why?

4. What if you were in a contest to make the best tasting peanut butter sandwich. Would you follow the same process? Why?

5. Suppose you were running a restaurant and had to decide how much to charge a customer for a peanut butter sandwich. What’s the most effective way to figure this out?

6. What’s the best way to make a peanut butter sandwich?


Getting to the point

Flow Chart


Why are graphic organizers important

Why Are Graphic Organizers Important?


Getting to the point

Not to scale, for trend analysis only

Source: J. Lerman from state and national test data


Getting to the point

GOs lead toward more self-managed learning


Getting to the point

GOs lead toward more self-managed learning


Getting to the point

GOs lead toward more self-managed learning


Getting to the point

GOs lead toward more self-managed learning


Getting to the point

Double Bubble Diagram

Crutch

Hammer


Getting to the point

A tool

Not a crutch

Graphic Organizers


Getting to the point

Here comes

the point!


Getting to the point

The Goal of Graphic Organizers

The goal of using graphic

organizers is to develop

independent use by students.

Unless mastery of independent use

is achieved, graphic organizers

can become a crutch for the

student, rather than a tool.


Getting to the point

A tool

Not a crutch

Graphic Organizers


Getting to the point

(And now for a humorous interlude…)

“Please don’t give him any ideas.”

Source: The New Yorker


Getting to the point

This is the

heavy lifting…

The Top Ten

Graphic Organizers


The top ten gos

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix*

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map

  • Multi-Flow Map

  • Tree Map

  • Three-Circle Venn Diagram*

*Not part of David Hyerle’s Thinking Maps


The top ten gos1

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map


Getting to the point

Brace Map :: for identifying part-whole relationships


The top ten gos2

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map


Getting to the point

Bridge Map :: for seeing analogies

Remember to identify (name) the Relating Factor


The top ten gos3

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map


Getting to the point

Bubble Map :: for describing and analyzing


The top ten gos4

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map


Getting to the point

Circle Map :: for defining in context

Your topic… in the center

What you know… in the doughnut

How you came to know it … in the box


The top ten gos5

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix


Comparison matrix for comparing multiple items across multiple criteria

Comparison Matrix :: for comparing multiple items across multiple criteria


The top ten gos6

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix

  • Double Bubble Map


Double bubble map for comparing and contrasting

Similarities

Differences

Differences

Double Bubble Map :: for comparing and contrasting


The top ten gos7

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map


Flow map for sequencing and ordering

Flow Map :: for sequencing and ordering


The top ten gos8

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map

  • Multi-Flow Map


Multi flow map for analyzing cause and effect

Multi-Flow Map :: for analyzing cause and effect


The top ten gos9

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map

  • Multi-Flow Map

  • Tree Map


Tree map for classifying and grouping

Tree Map :: for classifying and grouping


The top ten gos10

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map

  • Multi-Flow Map

  • Tree Map

  • Three-Circle Venn Diagram


Three circle venn diagram for analyzing multiple interactions

Three-Circle Venn Diagram :: for analyzing multiple interactions


The top ten gos11

The Top Ten GOs

  • Brace Map

  • Bridge Map

  • Bubble Map

  • Circle Map

  • Comparison Matrix*

  • Double Bubble Map

  • Flow Map

  • Multi-Flow Map

  • Tree Map

  • Three-Circle Venn Diagram*

*Not part of David Hyerle’s Thinking Maps


Getting to the point

“Have some respect for my learning style.”

(Another humorous interlude)

Source: The New Yorker


Getting to the point

Now for a little more

heavy lifting…

The 9 Marzano Strategies


The 9 marzano strategies

The 9 Marzano Strategies

  • Identifying similarities and differences


The 9 marzano strategies1

The 9 Marzano Strategies

  • Identifying similarities and differences

  • Summarizing and taking notes


The 9 marzano strategies2

The 9 Marzano Strategies

  • Identifying similarities and differences

  • Summarizing and taking notes

  • Reinforcing effort & giving recognition


The 9 marzano strategies3

The 9 Marzano Strategies

  • Identifying similarities and differences

  • Summarizing and taking notes

  • Reinforcing effort & giving recognition

  • Homework and practice


The 9 marzano strategies4

The 9 Marzano Strategies

  • Identifying similarities and differences

  • Summarizing and taking notes

  • Reinforcing effort & giving recognition

  • Homework and practice

  • Nonlinguistic representations


The 9 marzano strategies5

The 9 Marzano Strategies

6. Cooperative learning


The 9 marzano strategies6

The 9 Marzano Strategies

6. Cooperative learning

7. Setting objectives & providing feedback


The 9 marzano strategies7

The 9 Marzano Strategies

6. Cooperative learning

7. Setting objectives & providing feedback

8. Generating & testing hypotheses


The 9 marzano strategies8

The 9 Marzano Strategies

6. Cooperative learning

7. Setting objectives & providing feedback

8. Generating & testing hypotheses

9. Cues, questions, & advance organizers


Getting to the point

Let’s take another rest for a second…


Getting to the point

Matching

GOs to the Marzano Strategies


Getting to the point

That’s all very nice…

But how does it help ME?


Getting to the point

This is what GOs

help learners to do…


Getting to the point

  • Plan approaches to a task


Getting to the point

  • 1. Plan approaches to a task

  • Organize a sequence of actions or series of data points


Getting to the point

  • 1. Plan approaches to a task

  • 2. Organize a sequence of actions or series of data points

  • Hold action sequences in mind until executed


Getting to the point

  • 1. Plan approaches to a task

  • 2. Organize a sequence of actions or series of data points

  • 3. Hold action sequences in mind until executed

  • Inhibit actions irrelevant to the task at hand


Getting to the point

  • Decide what to attend to and what to do


Getting to the point

  • Decide what to attend to and what to do

  • Make shifts when needed


Getting to the point

  • Decide what to attend to and what to do

    6. Make shifts when needed

  • Monitor and evaluate their own actions


Getting to the point

  • Decide what to attend to and what to do

    6. Make shifts when needed

    7. Monitor and evaluate their own actions

    8. Adjust emotions in response to perceived success or failure


Getting to the point

And to summarize…


Getting to the point

Let’s try it out…

(What kind of GO is this?)


Getting to the point

Question Creation Chart (Q-Chart)


Getting to the point

How can GOs help teachers?


Getting to the point

GOs lead toward more self-managed learning


Getting to the point

We’re done!

Let’s just do a quick summary…


Getting to the point

A tool

Not a crutch

Graphic Organizers


Getting to the point

The Goal of Graphic Organizers

The goal of using graphic

organizers is to develop

independent use by students.

Unless mastery of independent use

is achieved, graphic organizers

can become a crutch for the

student, rather than a tool.


Getting to the point

Matching

GOs to the Marzano Strategies


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