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Objective 26c summarize the role of political parties in American politics Salmeen Hemani & Ruma Ali PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Objective 26c summarize the role of political parties in American politics Salmeen Hemani & Ruma Ali. Political Parties- a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

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Objective 26c summarize the role of political parties in American politics Salmeen Hemani & Ruma Ali

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Objective 26c summarize the role of political parties in American politics Salmeen Hemani & Ruma Ali


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  • Political Parties- a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

  • Major parties- Democratic and Republican parties in American politics.


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  • The Republican and Democratic parties are not primarily principle or issue-oriented

  • What do parties do?

  • Parties are the major mechanism behind the development of broad policy and leadership choices; they are the medium through which those options are presented to people


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  • Political parties connect the people and the government

  • Democratic parties modify and encourage compromise

  • They work to blunt conflict they are “power brokers”

  • Nominating Candidates- Nominate candidates for public office


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  • Parties work to help their candidates to win elections

  • Informing and Activating supporters- Parties inform the people and inspire and activate their interest and participation in public affairs

  • They campaign for their candidates, takes stands on issues, and criticize the candidates and positions of their opponents.


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  • Bonding Agent Function- In politics, a political party acts as a bonding agent, to ensure the good performance of its candidates and office holders.

  • Governing – Government in the US is government by party

  • Congress and State legislatures are organized on party lines, and do much of their business on the basis of partisanship


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  • Partisanship- the strong support of their party and the policy stands

  • The Constitutions cumbersome system for electing the President works principally because political parties reshaped it in its early years and have made it work ever since.

  • Acting as Watchdog- act as watchdogs over the conduct of the public’s business.


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  • Party in power – is the party that controls the executive branch of government—the presidency at the national level or the governorship at the State level

  • The party out of power plays the important role of “the loyal opposition”– opposed to the party in power but loyal to people and the nation


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Campaign 2004


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Criticizing Bush during the election


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Current party in power- Democratic


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