Abnormal Psychology. 5.2 Concepts and diagnosis. Learning outcomes. Examine the concepts of normality and abnormality. Discuss validity and reliability of diagnosis. Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in diagnosis. Introduction. Abnormal Psychology
Concepts and diagnosis
Social norms are not necessarily related to statistical norms.
The expected behaviour is that which the rules of society and culture dictate is appropriate for that context.
When people violate such rules, we have a tendency to assume there is something wrong with them, and it is easy to attribute this to some kind of madness. However there are three key problems with this approach.
First, social norms vary enormously across cultures and social institutions. (in your group think of an example)
The second problem is historical variation. Past models of madness would now be acceptable.
Thirdly, what is considered to be sociably acceptable or unacceptable has been established by groups with social power. (In your groups discuss who in your society/culture, makes the rules.
Think about behaviour you have seen in another culture that you think is strange, then think about behaviour that is normal in your culture, but may seem strange by another.
Why is culture so important?
To have a diagnosis of panic disorder, you must also have experienced recurrent unexpected panic attacks. These are panic attacks that occur "out of the blue," not triggered by anything in your environment.
Inter-rater reliability; assessed by asking more than one practitioner to observe the same person, and using the same diagnostic system, attempt to make a diagnosis.
Write a short paragraph to summerise the problems of validity illustrated by the Caetano, Rosehan and Peters studies.