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III. Northern Peoples. A . Southwestern Desert Cultures Agriculture Irrigation-based agriculture was introduced to Arizona from Mexico around 300 b.c.e . the Hohokam constructed extensive irrigation works in the Salt and Gila valleys around 1000 c.e . III. Northern Peoples.

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Iii northern peoples
III. Northern Peoples

A. Southwestern Desert Cultures

  • Agriculture

  • Irrigation-based agriculture was introduced to Arizona from Mexico around 300 b.c.e.

  • the Hohokam constructed extensive irrigation works in the Salt and Gila valleys around 1000 c.e.


Iii northern peoples1
III. Northern Peoples

  • Anasazi (450-750 C.E.)

  • Developed a maize, rice, and bean economy

  • Constructed underground buildings (kivas) in the Arizona/New Mexico/Colorado/Utah region around 450–750 c.e.

Kivas


Iii northern peoples2
III. Northern Peoples

  • Chaco Canyon

  • population of about 15,000 people

  • hunting, trade, and irrigated agriculture.

  • Exerted some sort of political or religious dominance over a large region.

  • Decline

  • The Anasazi civilization declined in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries

  • drought, overpopulation, and warfare.

Chaco Canyon


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III. Northern Peoples

B. Mound Builders: The Mississippian Culture (700-1500)

  • Mounds

  • Built for elite burials

  • Residences for chiefs

  • Platform for temples


  • Geography

  • Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, New York and Ontario, and south to Florida.

  • Depended on hunting and gathering

  • Supplemented by limited farming of maize, beans and squash

    - Mesoamerica


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III. Northern Peoples

  • Chiefs

  • The major Mississippian centers were ruled by hereditary chiefs.

  • Both religious and secular leaders


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III. Northern Peoples

  • Urbanization

  • made possible by:

  • increased agricultural productivity, the bow and arrow, and expanded trade networks.

    5. Cahokia

  • The largest Mississippian center was Cahokia,

  • population of about 30,000 around 1200 c.e.

  • Cahokia was abandoned around 1250,

  • perhaps because of climate changes and population pressure.


Read pedro de cieza de leon chronicles
Read: Pedro de Cieza de Leon“Chronicles”

The Human Record pages 406- 409

  • Answer questions page 406 #1-4

  • Read the entire document before answering the questions

  • highlight or underline the document as you find answers

  • Write the answers in your own words

highlight



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