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III. Northern Peoples. A . Southwestern Desert Cultures Agriculture Irrigation-based agriculture was introduced to Arizona from Mexico around 300 b.c.e . the Hohokam constructed extensive irrigation works in the Salt and Gila valleys around 1000 c.e . III. Northern Peoples.

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iii northern peoples
III. Northern Peoples

A. Southwestern Desert Cultures

  • Agriculture
  • Irrigation-based agriculture was introduced to Arizona from Mexico around 300 b.c.e.
  • the Hohokam constructed extensive irrigation works in the Salt and Gila valleys around 1000 c.e.
iii northern peoples1
III. Northern Peoples
  • Anasazi (450-750 C.E.)
  • Developed a maize, rice, and bean economy
  • Constructed underground buildings (kivas) in the Arizona/New Mexico/Colorado/Utah region around 450–750 c.e.

Kivas

iii northern peoples2
III. Northern Peoples
  • Chaco Canyon
  • population of about 15,000 people
  • hunting, trade, and irrigated agriculture.
  • Exerted some sort of political or religious dominance over a large region.
  • Decline
  • The Anasazi civilization declined in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
  • drought, overpopulation, and warfare.

Chaco Canyon

iii northern peoples3
III. Northern Peoples

B. Mound Builders: The Mississippian Culture (700-1500)

  • Mounds
  • Built for elite burials
  • Residences for chiefs
  • Platform for temples
slide5

Geography

  • Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, New York and Ontario, and south to Florida.
  • Depended on hunting and gathering
  • Supplemented by limited farming of maize, beans and squash

- Mesoamerica

iii northern peoples4
III. Northern Peoples
  • Chiefs
  • The major Mississippian centers were ruled by hereditary chiefs.
  • Both religious and secular leaders
iii northern peoples5
III. Northern Peoples
  • Urbanization
  • made possible by:
  • increased agricultural productivity, the bow and arrow, and expanded trade networks.

5. Cahokia

  • The largest Mississippian center was Cahokia,
  • population of about 30,000 around 1200 c.e.
  • Cahokia was abandoned around 1250,
  • perhaps because of climate changes and population pressure.
read pedro de cieza de leon chronicles
Read: Pedro de Cieza de Leon“Chronicles”

The Human Record pages 406- 409

  • Answer questions page 406 #1-4
  • Read the entire document before answering the questions
  • highlight or underline the document as you find answers
  • Write the answers in your own words

highlight

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