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Road Safety -. Dr Krishnan Rajam Technical Officer, WPRO WHO. Workshop – interactive format. Basic principles Issues discussed Case studies from countries Need for participants to state personal and national experience ( will not be held accountable ) 5 min break after one hour

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Road safety

Road Safety -

Dr Krishnan Rajam

Technical Officer, WPRO

WHO


Workshop interactive format

Workshop – interactive format

  • Basic principles

  • Issues discussed

  • Case studies from countries

  • Need for participants to state personal and national experience (will not be held accountable)

  • 5 min break after one hour

  • Slides made available later


1 accidents injuries etc what causes them how do we prevent

1)“Accidents”, “Injuries”, etc – What causes them?How do we prevent?

  • Definitions

  • Causes - “human error?” or “system failure”

  • “Preventability”


Road safety

  • “Accident” – denotes random event, chance occurrence, without pattern/predictability, unintentional nature, cannot be prevented

  • “Injury” – health outcome, more scientific, predictable because defined risk and protective factors, preventable


Road safety

Personal

Vehicle

Environment

Pre-event

Avoid alcohol consumptionObey traffic lawsSupervised training

Daytime headlampsGood tyre, brakes

One-way streetsSpecial lanes for motorcyclingClear road signs and signals

Event

Wear fastened helmetPhysical fitness; exercise, bone strength

Good quality, well-fitting helmetLeg guards on cycleHeavy boots and clothing

Energy absorbing barriersRoadsides clear of fixed obstructionsGuardrail along cliff

Post-event

Rehabilitation

First aid kitEmergency radio

Communication networkTransportation networkEmergency services


2 how big is the problem

2) How big is the problem

  • What indicators – deaths, injuries, etc

  • Why under-reporting in most countries?

  • How can we assess road safety situation in a country?


Road safety

Comment


Road safety

y


Ratio of deaths to injuries

Ratio of deaths to injuries


Road safety

Cambodia – Linkage of health and police data


3 how do we choose interventions decide priorities in road safety

3) How do we choose interventions/ decide priorities in road safety?


3 how do we choose interventions decide priorities in road safety1

3) How do we choose interventions / decide priorities in road safety?

  • Data and Research

  • Short and Long term action plan

  • Education, Enforcement, Engineering (environmental)

  • Role of different sectors

  • Ease and Cost of interventions


4 data malaysia 2009

4) Data - Malaysia 2009

Lorries / trucks ?


5 fleet safety

5) Fleet safety

  • What factors affect safety of commercial / public transport vehicles?


Fleet safety

Fleet safety

  • Fatigue, working hours, night time work

  • Use of medication, drugs, alcohol, ec

  • Condition of vehicles

  • Economic and Social factors affecting fleet operations and employment


6 legislation

6) Legislation

  • Viet Nam – Motorcycle helmet legislation

  • Malaysia – Rear seat belt legislation

  • What were the main lessons learnt ?

  • What issues remain?

  • What needs to be done?


7 activity short long term pedestrian safety measures

7) Activity Short / long term pedestrian safety measures

  • A 6 year old child dies after being knocked down by a car. She was crossing the road in front of the school at 7pm to catch the bus.

  • How can we prevent this tragedy?


Pedestrian safety short and long term measures

Pedestrian safety- Short and long term measures

  • Education ? – not effective

  • Enforcement –

  • Long term measures – Environment measures, road crossing facilities, traffic calming, planning of roads/ school location, bus pick up


8 research

8) Research

  • Why is research important in road safety policy making?

  • Who does/funds the research?


Road safety research

Road Safety Research

  • MIROS, UPM, HSPH, NUS, VTI, Sweden

  • Need to set priorities

  • Feed into policy and / or evaluate interventions


9 public private transport

9) Public / private transport

  • Which is safer?

  • Which is cost effective in the long term?


Singapore s strategies

Singapore’s strategies


Trends in rti death rates 100 000 pop selected western pacific region countries

Trends in RTI death rates/100,000 pop,selected Western Pacific Region countries


10 intersectoral cooperation mechanism for road safety

10) Intersectoral cooperation mechanism for road safety

  • Agencies within transport – most governments – Australia, New Zealand

  • Committees in Cabinet – Japan, Korea

  • Big challenge – How to convince all relevant ministries that road safety is their business too!!


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