Vegetarian diets
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Vegetarian Diets. Vegetarian Diets. What is a vegetarian diet? A vegetarian diet excludes meat, poultry, and fish. How common is it to be a vegetarian in America? Nearly 5 million American adults 3% of youth ages 8 to 18 years. Vegetarian Diets.

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Vegetarian Diets

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Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegetarian Diets

  • What is a vegetarian diet?

    • A vegetarian diet

    • excludes meat,

    • poultry, and fish.

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


How common is it to be a vegetarian in America?

Nearly 5 million American adults

3% of youth ages 8 to 18 years

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Why do people choose to eat vegetarian diets?

Religion

Heritage

Personal philosophy

Health

Economics

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Do all vegetarians eat the same food choices? The answer is, it depends on the specific vegetarian diet.

Three main vegetarian diets

Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian

Lacto Vegetarian

Vegan Vegetarian

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians eat:

Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Legumes, Nuts, and Seeds

Milk and Milk Products (lacto)

Eggs (ovo)

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Lacto Vegetarians eat:

Similar to Lacto-ovo diet, except does not include eggs.

Baked items and pastas may need to be prepared differently.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegans eat:

Only plant-based foods

No animal products

Strict vegans avoid honey and products made with animal by-products, such as gelatin.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


What are the health and nutrition benefits of vegetarian diets?

Health Benefits include:

Lowers blood cholesterol and blood pressure levels

Reduces the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke

Lowers body mass index (BMI)

Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes and some cancers

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Nutrition Benefits include:

Higher intakes of some vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytonutrients

Lower intakes of saturated fat and dietary cholesterol

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Are there nutrients of concern for vegetarian diets?

Nutrition Concerns–Protein

Quantity

Can a vegetarian diet provide enough protein?

Lesson Activity–Protein Predictions

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegetarian DietsLesson Activity–Protein Predictions

  • Teen males need 52 grams protein

  • Adult males need 56 grams

    MixedLacto-OvoVegan

  • 74 grams 63 grams 61 grams

  • H M L

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Do vegetarian diets provide quality protein?

Animal proteins are complete

Plant-based proteins are incomplete

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Complementary Proteins–combine to make complete proteins

Vegetarian Diets

Grains

Legumes Vegetables

Nuts/Seeds

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegetarian Diets

Pizza Sauce

and Crust

Cheese

Grain and Vegetable

Both incomplete protein sources from plant-based foods.

Milk

(Lacto) Complete protein from an animal source.

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Physical Activity BoosterThe Perfect Complement

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Nutrient of Concern–Adequate Calories

Adequate calories are needed to assure protein needs are met.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Nutrient of Concern–Iron

Plant foods have non-heme iron.

Serve vitamin C rich foods with plant sources of iron.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Nutrient of Concern–Calcium

Check milk substitutes to assure they are fortified with calcium and other nutrients found in milk.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Nutrient of Concern–Vitamin B-12

Vitamin B-12 is only found in animal foods. Vegan diets need supplements of B-12.

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Other Nutrients of Concern

Vitamin D

Zinc

Iodine

Omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


According to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, “…appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle…”

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


According to the American Dietetic Association position paper on vegetarian diets, “…appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals in all stages of the life cycle…”

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Food Groups to Encourage

Whole grains

Vegetables

Fruits

Legumes

Low fat and fat-free milk/milk products

Vegetarian Diets

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegetarian Diets

Are vegetarian diets a special nutrition need?

What tools do school nutrition programs have to meet the preferences of students that want a vegetarian meal?

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Vegetarian DietsTaste Activity

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


Post-Quiz

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


End of Lesson 6

National Food Service Management Institute

The University of Mississippi


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