Pig-A- Palooza !. Hi! Welcome to Pig-A- Palooza , an interactive PowerPoint that should be very informative about two key aspects of the swine industry: swine breeds and the ear notching system. See directions to below to proceed. Press the box that pertains to you!. Teachers. Students.
Hi! Welcome to Pig-A-Palooza, an interactive PowerPoint that should be very informative about two key aspects of the swine industry: swine breeds and the ear notching system. See directions to below to proceed.
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What all do you already know about swine? Today, we are going to introduce two important parts of the swine industry: swine breeds and ear notches. Before we begin, please complete the following activity!!
Given the topics, please list two things you already know as well two things you hope to learn by the time this activity is completed.
Name That Breed!
A Top Notch System
Click on one of the boxes above. Then, proceed through the interactive and instructive materials. At the end of each section is a ten question quiz. You must get all of these right to move on. If you miss a question, you will be given feedback and be asked to try again. Good luck!
Click Here for Some Additional Fun Facts!
I hope you enjoy exploring the various swine breeds in the industry!
Click HERE to Begin Activity
The Berkshire breed can be identified by many common characteristics. The breed has a solid black body other than the feet, tail, and nose which must be white. This breed has erect ears, and is registered with the American Berkshire Association. This breed is known for its excellent carcass quality and has been important in the development of the swine industry.
The Chester White breed must have a solid white body accompanied by medium-sized floppy, or downward pointing, ears. This breed is often known for their durability, making them a valuable asset to meat packers. Their overall mothering ability allows them to be well-liked by Chester White breeders. The Chester White breed is registered through Certified Pedigree Swine (CPS).
The Duroc breed is known for being red in color and having floppy, downward pointing ears. The breed is known for great siring abilities and having large litters. Durocs are the second most recorded breed of swine in the United States. They are registered with the National Swine Registry and require the red color, floppy ears, and at least six functional teats on each side in order to be registered.
Hampshire swine are black in color and must have a white belt that stretches over the shoulders and down each leg. The ears must be erect, the belt must be full, and there must be six functional teats on each side in order to be registered with the National Swine Industry. Hamps are the third most popular breed in the swine industry, and they are preferred by industry packers due to their thin skin and good carcass quality.
The Hereford breed must have a white face and at least two white feet with two thirds of the body being red. The shade of red can vary from a lighter orange to a darker reddish brown color. These hogs often have a long neck, and they are not significantly popular in the United States.
The Landrace breed is expected to be solid white in color and long bodied. Typically, they have 16 or 17 ribs. They also have large floppy ears and narrow faces. They are known for their milk producing abilities and registered with the National Swine Registry.
The Poland China breed is expected to be solid black with six white points (nose, each foot, and tail). The ears must also be floppy and downward pointing. They are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine.
The Spotted breed must be black and white. Sometimes, an animal has more black and sometimes it has more white; this varies on genetics. The breed also must have floppy downward pointing ears. They, too, are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine. Their litters are known to be fast growing.
The Tamworth breed is not very popular in the United States. They are expected to have a color that ranges from golden orange to reddish brown. The ears must be erect. Often, they are a very fine boned swine breed.
The Yorkshire breed must be solid white in color and have erect ears. They are known for having an attractive profile and are referred to as the “Mother Breed” due to its mothering abilities. The Yorkshire breed is one of the most recorded breeds in the United States and is registered with the National Swine Registry.
Which swine breed is pictured below?
Remember, Chester Whites are solid white!
Click “Move On” to go to the next question.
Remember, Hampshires are black with a white belt.
Remember Tamworths have erect ears.
One way that Chester White and Landrace breeds differ is in their ear size.
Oops! That is incorrect. Think about how we identify Landrace breeds.
Select the breed that must have erect ears and a black body and a white belt that extends over the shoulders and down the two front legs in order to be registered with the National Swine Registry.
Oops! A is incorrect. Landrace breeds.
Remember that Herefords do not have any black on them.
Oops! B is incorrect! Landrace breeds.
Remember that Poland Chinas have floppy ears.
Brilliant! Landrace breeds.
C is Correct!
The Hampshire breed must have all of those qualities to be registered.
Which breed is shown below?
Great job! A is correct. Landrace breeds.
This is a Hereford!
Oops! B is incorrect. Landrace breeds.
Remember that Durocs do not have any white on their bodies!
Oops! C is incorrect. Landrace breeds.
Remember that Spots are black and white!
The Landrace breed is referred to as the “Mother Breed.”
Oops! The “Mother Breed” is actually an all white breed with erect ears.
Very good! The answer is False. with erect ears.
The Yorkshire breed is the “Mother Breed” due to its milk producing and mothering abilities.
Farmer Smith has decided to start breeding swine. He cannot decide which breed to buy to begin his business. His daughter loves floppy eared pigs. Farmer Smith also has worked with the National Swine Registry in the past and would prefer one of those breeds. His wife told him not to buy white hogs because they will always look dirty. Which breed of swine should Farmer Smith buy?
Oops! A is Incorrect! with erect ears.
Remember that Landraces are white. According to Farmer Smith’s wife, this pig will always be dirty. She did not want a white pig on the farm.
Great Job! B is Correct. with erect ears.
Durocs are red with floppy ears and they are registered with the National Swine Registry. They are a great choice for Farmer Smith.
Oops! C is incorrect! with erect ears.
Remember that Poland Chinas are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine. Farmer Smith wants to register his animals with the National Swine Registry.
You have successfully completed the “Name That Breed!” activity! You did a great job! We hope you enjoyed this activity!
Take a moment to think about what all you learned before moving on to the next activity!
Great job on Part 1: Name That Breed! I hope you enjoy learning all about the ear notching system in this section! Good luck, and enjoy!
What do you think are some good reasons for having an identification system, such as ear notching, in a swine production facility? Please type your answer below. Then, click “Check Answer” to see how your answer compares!
This is an example of the tool that farmers use to do ear notching. Hence, this explains why ear notching is fairly inexpensive.
This picture does a GREAT job showing what each notch represents. A pig could have any combination of these numbers in order to identify it. The numbers are added up and then written with a “-” between them. Sometimes, a pig may have a notch side-by-side, indicating that there should be two of those notches calculated.
Let’s see what this pig’s ear notch would be!
First, we add up the right ear:
27+9+81+3+1 = 121
Then, we add up the left ear:
9+3+1 = 13
Therefore, this pig’s notch is:
It is litter number 121 and it is the 13th pig in that litter.
Remember there could be more than one notch that is meant to represent a number twice. For example, pretend there is a notch where the pointer indicates. This would mean you add up 9+3+3+1=16. This would then change the overall ear notch to be
Look at the areas indicated by the green triangles. Add up the notches and write the correct ear notch. Try this on your own first. Then, continue to the next slide to see it worked out.
First, we add up the right ear:
9+27+1 = 37
Now, we add up the left ear:
3+1 = 4
The correct ear notch is:
You have done a GREAT job at learning about ear notches! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!
Which of the following is a good reason to use an ear notching system in swine production systems?
Not good for record keeping
Ear notching is a fairly inexpensive process!
Click below to move on!
Oops! That is incorrect! Pigs are not necessarily concerned with their overall attractiveness, and the ear notches do not really effect the overall appearance of the pig. Think about what we talked about at the very beginning of this lesson!
Oops! That is incorrect! Remember that ear notching is an excellent way to keep records for vaccinations, herd size, and individual pig needs! Overall, ear notching is very efficient for recordkeeping.
Recordkeeping, for purposes such as individual pig needs, overall herd numbers, and vaccinations, is a primary reason for the necessary use of the ear notching system.
Hint: Remember the question before this one!!
You are correct! It is very important that you understand how vital ear notching is for recordkeeping in swine production systems. You did a great job on these first two questions! Now let’s see how you do with ear notch identification!
Oops! Try Again! Remember the main topics we discussed at the beginning of the lesson? Think of why it would be important to recognize individual pigs.
Which ear identifies the litter number?
Hint: If you are standing behind the pig, you read right to left. Which number comes first?
You use the pig’s right ear to determine the litter number. This is the number that is mentioned first in an ear notch! Great job!
Remember that the left ear identifies the individual pig in the litter, and this number is listed second.
Which ear identifies the individual pig within the litter?
Great job! The left ear identifies the individual pig in the litter. Remember, this is like the pig’s first name!
Remember the right ear identifies the litter number and this number is listed first in the ear notch.
Which of these is not a possible combination of an ear notch?
YOU GOT THIS!!
Great job! Remember the first number is the litter number and the second number is the individual pig. Yes, it is highly possible for the there to be 120 litters on the farm. However, there will not be 120 pigs within one litter. Therefore, 120-120 is NOT a possible ear notch!
This is incorrect. 4-9 is highly possible. There are 4 litters, and this pig is the 9th pig in that litter.
This is incorrect. 120-10 is a possible ear notch. Large swine production facilities can have even more than 120 litters, and there can be ten pigs in a litter.
Some areas may be notched twice close together. This indicates that the farmer made a mistake and the notch should ONLY be added once.
The answer is False! The numbers are added for each notch represented. If there are two number 3 notches, then that part should equal 6. Keep going! You’re almost done!
This is incorrect. Think about some of the things we talked about during the instruction portions. Try again! Keep working hard!
Select the proper ear notch of this pig.
First, add the right ear:
27+3+1 = 31
Then, add the left ear:
1+3 = 4
The correct ear notch is 31-4!
Remember which number comes first. We read the litter number and then the individual pig within the litter.
Make sure you add up the proper numbers that are associated with the given notches.
Select the proper ear notch of this pig.
Remember which number is listed the first in the ear notch! We always use the litter number as the first number!
That is incorrect! Make sure you have the right notches associated with the correct numbers and check your addition!
Great Job! You correctly identified these ear notches.
The right ear adds up as: 27+9+1+1 = 38
The left ear adds up as: 1+3 = 4.
The correct ear notch is 38-4!
You have successfully completed this activity! You have now passed both quizzes and portions of Pig-A-Palooza! I hope you learned something throughout this experience! Be sure to check out the Fun Facts page located on the home page! Thanks for learning about the swine industry!!
Fun Facts About Swine! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!
More Fun Facts!!! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!
Watch This Video! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!
Watch this brief video that explains the overall concept of exhibiting swine as a 4-H project! This is a recreational side of the swine industry in comparison to the commercial side!
Pay attention to:
The Various Swine Breeds!