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Pig-A- Palooza !. Hi! Welcome to Pig-A- Palooza , an interactive PowerPoint that should be very informative about two key aspects of the swine industry: swine breeds and the ear notching system. See directions to below to proceed. Press the box that pertains to you!. Teachers. Students.

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Pig a palooza

Pig-A-Palooza!

Hi! Welcome to Pig-A-Palooza, an interactive PowerPoint that should be very informative about two key aspects of the swine industry: swine breeds and the ear notching system. See directions to below to proceed.

Press the box that pertains to you!

Teachers

Students


Target audience
Target Audience

  • Junior High Students

  • Grades 6 to 8

  • Ages 12 to 14

  • Mixture of Boys and Girsl (approximately 25 students)

  • Class is an elective; THEREFORE, background knowledge of swine and the swine industry will vary throughout the class.

  • Actual experience working with swine and the swine industry varies as well.

  • Primarily Caucasian students


Learning environment
Learning Environment

  • Typical classroom setting

  • Projector screen in room

  • Students have a classroom set of laptops

  • Rural school and rural school atmosphere/setting

  • Shop attached to classroom

  • Benefits

    • Projector helps with technology integration

    • Students comfortable in classroom setting

    • Being a rural school, some students have an agricultural background


Objectives
Objectives

  • Objective #1

    • Given 6 pictures and/or questions about the defining characteristics of swine breeds, students will be able to choose the appropriate swine breed with 100 % accuracy.


Objectives1
Objectives

  • Objective #2

    • Given two questions, students will be able to identify two reasons for the importance of identifying pigs with the ear notching system with 100 % accuracy.


Objectives2
Objectives

  • Objective #3

    • Given six questions about swine ear notches that include examples, students will be able to calculate the correct ear notch of swine.


Buttons
Buttons

Go to Previous Slide **Watch for miscellaneous

buttons throughout

the presentation!**

Go to Next Slide

Go to Home Page


Start thinking
Start thinking!!

What all do you already know about swine? Today, we are going to introduce two important parts of the swine industry: swine breeds and ear notches. Before we begin, please complete the following activity!!

Given the topics, please list two things you already know as well two things you hope to learn by the time this activity is completed.


Pig a palooza1
Pig-A-Palooza

Name That Breed!

A Top Notch System

Click on one of the boxes above. Then, proceed through the interactive and instructive materials. At the end of each section is a ten question quiz. You must get all of these right to move on. If you miss a question, you will be given feedback and be asked to try again. Good luck!

Click Here for Some Additional Fun Facts!


Name That Breed!!!!!

I hope you enjoy exploring the various swine breeds in the industry!

Let’s Go!

Click HERE to Begin Activity


Berkshire
Berkshire

The Berkshire breed can be identified by many common characteristics. The breed has a solid black body other than the feet, tail, and nose which must be white. This breed has erect ears, and is registered with the American Berkshire Association. This breed is known for its excellent carcass quality and has been important in the development of the swine industry.


Chester white
Chester white

The Chester White breed must have a solid white body accompanied by medium-sized floppy, or downward pointing, ears. This breed is often known for their durability, making them a valuable asset to meat packers. Their overall mothering ability allows them to be well-liked by Chester White breeders. The Chester White breed is registered through Certified Pedigree Swine (CPS).


Duroc
Duroc

The Duroc breed is known for being red in color and having floppy, downward pointing ears. The breed is known for great siring abilities and having large litters. Durocs are the second most recorded breed of swine in the United States. They are registered with the National Swine Registry and require the red color, floppy ears, and at least six functional teats on each side in order to be registered.


Hampshire
hampshire

Hampshire swine are black in color and must have a white belt that stretches over the shoulders and down each leg. The ears must be erect, the belt must be full, and there must be six functional teats on each side in order to be registered with the National Swine Industry. Hamps are the third most popular breed in the swine industry, and they are preferred by industry packers due to their thin skin and good carcass quality.


Hereford
Hereford

The Hereford breed must have a white face and at least two white feet with two thirds of the body being red. The shade of red can vary from a lighter orange to a darker reddish brown color. These hogs often have a long neck, and they are not significantly popular in the United States.


Landrace
landrace

The Landrace breed is expected to be solid white in color and long bodied. Typically, they have 16 or 17 ribs. They also have large floppy ears and narrow faces. They are known for their milk producing abilities and registered with the National Swine Registry.


Poland china
Poland china

The Poland China breed is expected to be solid black with six white points (nose, each foot, and tail). The ears must also be floppy and downward pointing. They are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine.


Spots
Spots

The Spotted breed must be black and white. Sometimes, an animal has more black and sometimes it has more white; this varies on genetics. The breed also must have floppy downward pointing ears. They, too, are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine. Their litters are known to be fast growing.


Tamworth
Tamworth

The Tamworth breed is not very popular in the United States. They are expected to have a color that ranges from golden orange to reddish brown. The ears must be erect. Often, they are a very fine boned swine breed.


Yorkshire
yorkshire

The Yorkshire breed must be solid white in color and have erect ears. They are known for having an attractive profile and are referred to as the “Mother Breed” due to its mothering abilities. The Yorkshire breed is one of the most recorded breeds in the United States and is registered with the National Swine Registry.


You are now ready to complete the quiz
You are now ready to complete the quiz!!!!

  • If you wish to review more, click the button in the corner to go back through the slides. If you think you are ready, click “Take Quiz” below!

Take Quiz


Question 1
Question 1

Which swine breed is pictured below?

A

B

Chester White

Duroc

C

D

Hampshire

Tamworth


Oops a is incorrect remember chester whites are solid white

Oops! A is incorrect.

Remember, Chester Whites are solid white!

Try Again


Very Good! B is correct!

Click “Move On” to go to the next question.

Move On


Oops! C is incorrect!

Remember, Hampshires are black with a white belt.

Try Again


Oops! D is incorrect!

Remember Tamworths have erect ears.

Try Again


Question 2
Question 2

One way that Chester White and Landrace breeds differ is in their ear size.

True

False




Question 3
Question 3 Landrace breeds.

Select the breed that must have erect ears and a black body and a white belt that extends over the shoulders and down the two front legs in order to be registered with the National Swine Registry.

A

B

C

Hampshire

Poland China

Hereford


Oops! A is incorrect. Landrace breeds.

Remember that Herefords do not have any black on them.

Try Again


Oops! B is incorrect! Landrace breeds.

Remember that Poland Chinas have floppy ears.

Try Again


Brilliant! Landrace breeds.

C is Correct!

The Hampshire breed must have all of those qualities to be registered.

Move On


Question 4
Question 4 Landrace breeds.

Which breed is shown below?

A

B

C

Hereford

Duroc

Spot


Great job! A is correct. Landrace breeds.

This is a Hereford!

Move On


Oops! B is incorrect. Landrace breeds.

Remember that Durocs do not have any white on their bodies!

Try Again


Oops! C is incorrect. Landrace breeds.

Remember that Spots are black and white!

Try Again


Question 5
Question 5 Landrace breeds.

The Landrace breed is referred to as the “Mother Breed.”

True

False



Very good! The answer is False. with erect ears.

The Yorkshire breed is the “Mother Breed” due to its milk producing and mothering abilities.

Move On


Question 6
Question 6 with erect ears.

Application Question!

Farmer Smith has decided to start breeding swine. He cannot decide which breed to buy to begin his business. His daughter loves floppy eared pigs. Farmer Smith also has worked with the National Swine Registry in the past and would prefer one of those breeds. His wife told him not to buy white hogs because they will always look dirty. Which breed of swine should Farmer Smith buy?

A

B

C

Duroc

Landrace

Poland China


Oops! A is Incorrect! with erect ears.

Remember that Landraces are white. According to Farmer Smith’s wife, this pig will always be dirty. She did not want a white pig on the farm.

Try Again


Great Job! B is Correct. with erect ears.

Durocs are red with floppy ears and they are registered with the National Swine Registry. They are a great choice for Farmer Smith.

Move On


Oops! C is incorrect! with erect ears.

Remember that Poland Chinas are registered with the Certified Pedigreed Swine. Farmer Smith wants to register his animals with the National Swine Registry.

Try Again


Congratulations
Congratulations!!!!! with erect ears.

You have successfully completed the “Name That Breed!” activity! You did a great job! We hope you enjoyed this activity!

Take a moment to think about what all you learned before moving on to the next activity!


A top notch system
A Top Notch System with erect ears.

Great job on Part 1: Name That Breed! I hope you enjoy learning all about the ear notching system in this section! Good luck, and enjoy!


Let s brainstorm
Let’s Brainstorm! with erect ears.

What do you think are some good reasons for having an identification system, such as ear notching, in a swine production facility? Please type your answer below. Then, click “Check Answer” to see how your answer compares!

Check Answer


Reasons for an ear notching system
Reasons for an Ear Notching System with erect ears.

  • A permanent form of identification

  • Individual identity for each animal

    • Helps with animal registration

  • Inexpensive form of identification

  • Accurate for recordkeeping

    • Helps with total numbers

    • Vaccinations

    • Overall Herd Health

This is an example of the tool that farmers use to do ear notching. Hence, this explains why ear notching is fairly inexpensive.


Some introductory information about ear notching
Some Introductory Information about Ear Notching with erect ears.

  • The RIGHT ear is the Litter Ear—every pig in the litter will have this same number (Think of like a Last Name).

  • The LEFT ear is the Individual Pig in the Litter (like the First Name)

  • Read it right to left from the pig’s perspective (if you are behind the pig)

  • Reverse if you are looking at the pig.


Calculating ear notches
Calculating Ear Notches with erect ears.

This picture does a GREAT job showing what each notch represents. A pig could have any combination of these numbers in order to identify it. The numbers are added up and then written with a “-” between them. Sometimes, a pig may have a notch side-by-side, indicating that there should be two of those notches calculated.


Calculating ear notches1
Calculating Ear Notches with erect ears.

Let’s see what this pig’s ear notch would be!

First, we add up the right ear:

27+9+81+3+1 = 121

Then, we add up the left ear:

9+3+1 = 13

Therefore, this pig’s notch is:

121-13

It is litter number 121 and it is the 13th pig in that litter.


Take note
TAKE NOTE!! with erect ears.

Remember there could be more than one notch that is meant to represent a number twice. For example, pretend there is a notch where the pointer indicates. This would mean you add up 9+3+3+1=16. This would then change the overall ear notch to be

121-16.


Let s do some practice before you move on to the quiz
Let’s Do some Practice before you move on to the quiz! with erect ears.

Look at the areas indicated by the green triangles. Add up the notches and write the correct ear notch. Try this on your own first. Then, continue to the next slide to see it worked out.


Answer were you right
ANSWER! Were you right? with erect ears.

First, we add up the right ear:

9+27+1 = 37

Now, we add up the left ear:

3+1 = 4

The correct ear notch is:

37-4

9

27

3

1

1


You have done a GREAT job at learning about ear notches! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Take Quiz!


Question 11
Question 1: You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Which of the following is a good reason to use an ear notching system in swine production systems?

A

Fairly inexpensive

B

Attractive

C

Not good for record keeping


Correct
Correct!!! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Great Job!

Ear notching is a fairly inexpensive process!

Click below to move on!

Next Question


Oops! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Oops! That is incorrect! Pigs are not necessarily concerned with their overall attractiveness, and the ear notches do not really effect the overall appearance of the pig. Think about what we talked about at the very beginning of this lesson!

Try Again


Oops! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Oops! That is incorrect! Remember that ear notching is an excellent way to keep records for vaccinations, herd size, and individual pig needs! Overall, ear notching is very efficient for recordkeeping.

Try Again


Question 21
Question 2 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Recordkeeping, for purposes such as individual pig needs, overall herd numbers, and vaccinations, is a primary reason for the necessary use of the ear notching system.

FALSE

TRUE

Hint: Remember the question before this one!!


Great job
GREAT JOB! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

You are correct! It is very important that you understand how vital ear notching is for recordkeeping in swine production systems. You did a great job on these first two questions! Now let’s see how you do with ear notch identification!

Next Question


Oops! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Oops! Try Again! Remember the main topics we discussed at the beginning of the lesson? Think of why it would be important to recognize individual pigs.

Try Again


Question 31
Question 3 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Which ear identifies the litter number?

Right

Left

Hint: If you are standing behind the pig, you read right to left. Which number comes first?


Correct1
Correct! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

You use the pig’s right ear to determine the litter number. This is the number that is mentioned first in an ear notch! Great job!

Next Question


Oops! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Remember that the left ear identifies the individual pig in the litter, and this number is listed second.

Try Again


Question 41
Question 4 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Which ear identifies the individual pig within the litter?

Right

Left


Good work
Good Work! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Great job! The left ear identifies the individual pig in the litter. Remember, this is like the pig’s first name!

Next Question


OOPS! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Remember the right ear identifies the litter number and this number is listed first in the ear notch.

Try Again


Question 51
Question 5 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Which of these is not a possible combination of an ear notch?

A

4-9

YOU GOT THIS!!

B

120-120

C

120-10


Correct2
CORRECT! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Great job! Remember the first number is the litter number and the second number is the individual pig. Yes, it is highly possible for the there to be 120 litters on the farm. However, there will not be 120 pigs within one litter. Therefore, 120-120 is NOT a possible ear notch!

Next Question


Oops try again
OOPS! TRY You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!AGAIn

This is incorrect. 4-9 is highly possible. There are 4 litters, and this pig is the 9th pig in that litter.

Try Again


Oops try again1
Oops! Try again You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

This is incorrect. 120-10 is a possible ear notch. Large swine production facilities can have even more than 120 litters, and there can be ten pigs in a litter.

Try Again


Question 61
Question 6 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Some areas may be notched twice close together. This indicates that the farmer made a mistake and the notch should ONLY be added once.

True

False


Great work
Great Work! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

The answer is False! The numbers are added for each notch represented. If there are two number 3 notches, then that part should equal 6. Keep going! You’re almost done!

Next Question!


Oops try again2
Oops! Try Again! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

This is incorrect. Think about some of the things we talked about during the instruction portions. Try again! Keep working hard!

Try Again


Question 7
Question 7 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Select the proper ear notch of this pig.

B

C

A

4-31

31-4

29-7


Good work1
Good WORK! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

First, add the right ear:

27+3+1 = 31

Then, add the left ear:

1+3 = 4

The correct ear notch is 31-4!

Good work!

2727

3

3

1

1

Next Question


Oops try again3
OOPS! Try again! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Remember which number comes first. We read the litter number and then the individual pig within the litter.

Try Again!


Oops try again4
Oops! Try AGAIN! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Make sure you add up the proper numbers that are associated with the given notches.

Try Again


Question 8
Question 8 You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Select the proper ear notch of this pig.

C

B

A

87-6

38-4

4-38


OOPS! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Remember which number is listed the first in the ear notch! We always use the litter number as the first number!

Try Again


Oops! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

That is incorrect! Make sure you have the right notches associated with the correct numbers and check your addition!

Try Again


Correct3
Correct! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Great Job! You correctly identified these ear notches.

The right ear adds up as: 27+9+1+1 = 38

The left ear adds up as: 1+3 = 4.

The correct ear notch is 38-4!

Move On


Great job1
Great Job!!! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

You have successfully completed this activity! You have now passed both quizzes and portions of Pig-A-Palooza! I hope you learned something throughout this experience! Be sure to check out the Fun Facts page located on the home page! Thanks for learning about the swine industry!!


Fun Facts About Swine! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

  • Hogs have small eyes and poor eyesight.

  • Hogs have a total of 34-44 teeth.

  • Insulin and about 40 other medicines are made from pigs.

  • Pigs are not dirty. They can't sweat, so they roll in the mud to keep cool.


More Fun Facts!!! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

  • Pig heart valves have been used to replace damaged human heart valves.

  • Pig fat can be used in weed killers, chalk, cosmetics, floor wax, crayons and antifreeze.

  • A pig can run a seven-minute mile.


Watch This Video! You are now ready to complete the 8 question quiz for “A Top Notch System”. If you wish to review more, click the arrow below to go back through the information. If you feel ready to go, then click “Take Quiz!” below! Good luck!!

Watch this brief video that explains the overall concept of exhibiting swine as a 4-H project! This is a recreational side of the swine industry in comparison to the commercial side!

Pay attention to:

The Various Swine Breeds!


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