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Improvers. Week 7 Review of Pre-emptive Bidding. Pre-emptive Bidding. Objective To make it difficult for opponents to find the correct contract when we have a weak hand with a long suit and they have the majority of the HCP. Pre-emptive Bidding. Requirements A 7 card suit

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Improvers

Week 7

Review of Pre-emptive Bidding


Pre emptive bidding
Pre-emptive Bidding

  • Objective

  • To make it difficult for opponents to find the correct contract when we have a weak hand with a long suit and they have the majority of the HCP


Pre emptive bidding1
Pre-emptive Bidding

  • Requirements

  • A 7 card suit

  • Weak hand (usually 5-9 HCP)

  • No 4 card major in another suit

  • Partner has not bid


Pre emptive bidding2
Pre-emptive Bidding

  • Bid as high as we can safely

  • Allow for the contract being doubled

  • Should be cheaper than opponents making game

  • If vulnerable can go 1 off

  • If non vulnerable can go 2 off


Count winners
Count Winners

  • With 7 in suit assume rest divide 2/2/2

  • Count 5 winners

  • Add A or K (count each as a winner)

  • Add outside suit winners

  • Be Optimistic

  • Add 3 non vulnerable or 2 vulnerable

  • If result is 9 bid 3 of the suit

  • If the result is 10 bid 4 of the suit

  • Bid result up to game


Pre empt example 1
Pre-empt Example 1

7

4

2

  • 7 HCP

  • 7 ‘s

  • 7 winners

  • Bid vul 3 

  • Bid non vul 4 

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

6

5


Pre empt example 2
Pre-empt Example 2

7

4

2

  • 7 HCP

  • 8 ‘s

  • 8 winners

  • Bid vul 4

  • Bid non vul 5

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

2

6


Pre empt example 3
Pre-empt Example 3

J

7

4

2

  • 8 HCP

  • 7 ‘s

  • 7 winners

  • 4 ‘s

  • Close to rule of 20

  • Bid 1 

  • Allows partner a bid to find a fit in 

A

K

T

9

7

6

4

3

6


Pre empt example 4
Pre-empt Example 4

K

T

8

  • 6 HCP

  • 7 ‘s

  • 6 winners

  • Bid vul Pass

  • Bid non vul 3

J

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

6


Pre empt example 5
Pre-empt Example 5

K

T

8

  • 8 HCP

  • 7 ‘s

  • 7 winners

  • Bid vul 3

  • Bid non vul 4

K

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

6


Pre empt example 6
Pre-empt Example 6

K

T

8

  • 12 HCP

  • 7 ‘s

  • 8 winners

  • Bid 1

  • Too strong for pre-empt

K

7

6

5

4

3

2

Q

8

A


Pre empt example 7
Pre-empt Example 7

  • Extreme example

  • 7 HCP

  • 9 ‘s

  • 9 winners

  • Bid 5 any vul

  • If opponents overcall bid 6

7

5

4

5

A

K

T

8

6

5

4

3

2


Pre empt example 8
Pre-empt Example 8

  • Extreme example

  • 3 HCP

  • 9 ‘s

  • 8 winners

  • Bid 5  any vul

  • If opponents overcall bid again

7

5

4

5

K

T

9

8

6

5

4

3

2


Pre emptive bids
Pre-emptive Bids

  • Compete strongly with shapely weak hands

  • Normally after a pre-empt do NOT re-bid if opponents overcall

  • You’ve had your say - leave it to partner

  • Do not pre-empt if partner has bid

  • HCP are a guide – the longer the suit the less HCP matter

  • Count of winners is a better guide


Responding to partner s pre empt
Responding to Partner’s Pre-empt

  • The pre-empt is meant to put off opponents

  • It can also make it difficult for us!

  • As partner is weak we need to be strong to bid on

  • Partner will not have many cards in outside suits


Response to pre empt example 1
Response to Pre-empt Example 1

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 

  • 17 HCP

  • Partner is weak

  • We have 3 

  • Entries to partners long suit

  • Stops in other suits

  • Bid 3NT

A

J

9

K

6

A

6

2


Response to pre empt example 2
Response to Pre-empt Example 2

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 

  • 17 HCP

  • Partner is weak

  • We have 2

  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT

  • Bid 5

  • If partner opens 4 bid 4NT (Blackwood)

A

J

9

A

K

6

6

2


Response to pre empt example 3
Response to Pre-empt Example 3

A

J

T

6

5

  • Partner opens 3 

  • 21 HCP

  • Partner is weak

  • We have 2

  • Too few entries to partners long suit

  • Bid 4NT (Blackwood)

  • If partner bids 5  (No key cards) then Pass

  • If partner bids 5 (1 key card) or 5 (2 key cards) bid 6 

  • If partner bids 5 (2 key cards + Q) bid 7NT!

A

K

Q

A

K

6

6

2


Response to pre empt example 4
Response to Pre-empt Example 4

4

3

  • Partner opens 3

  • 14 HCP

  • Partner is weak

  • We have 2

  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT

  • Bid 4

  • Bit of a risky bid but worth a go

K

J

T

6

2

A

6

5

A

Q

5


Response to pre empt example 5
Response to Pre-empt Example 5

4

3

  • Partner opens 3

  • 17 HCP

  • Partner is weak

  • We have 2

  • Too few entries to partners long suit for NT

  • Bid 4NT (Blackwood)

  • With 2 key cards bid 6 with fewer bid 5

A

K

J

T

2

A

6

5

A

Q

5


Responses to pre empts
Responses to Pre-empts

  • Always remember partner is weak

  • Bid on with strong hands

  • Only bid a new suit with 6+ cards – partner will Pass a new suit bid

  • It may be a bit of a guess

  • Only go to NT with 3 of partners pre-empt suit – you need entries


Defence to pre empts
Defence to Pre-empts

  • Very difficult

  • That’s why we pre-empt!

  • Overcall with a 6+card suit

  • Use Take Out Doubles with 16+ HCP

  • With 20+HCP and 2 stops in the pre-empt suit bid 3NT

  • It often involves a guess


Defence example 1
Defence example 1

J

T

  • Opponent opens 3 

  • 17 HCP

  • Good 6 card suit

  • Bid 4

K

8

A

Q

8

A

K

9

8

5

3


Defence example 2
Defence example 2

A

J

T

4

  • Opponent opens 3

  • 18 HCP

  • Strong hand

  • Bid * for take out

  • Partner can bid a suit

  • Or leave for penalties

K

8

A

Q

8

A

9

5

3


Defence example 3
Defence example 3

A

J

4

  • Opponent opens 3

  • 20 HCP

  • Strong hand

  • 2 stops in 

  • Bid 3NT

  • Partner should Pass unless looking for slam

K

Q

8

A

Q

8

A

9

5

3


Summary
Summary

  • Use Pre-empts to make life difficult for opponents

  • If you have a 7+ card suit and are in doubt bid the pre-empt!

  • You can also pre-empt over opponents bids – double jump is a pre-empt

  • Do NOT overbid after partner pre-empts - never punish partner for competing

  • When bidding after opponents pre-empt its often a guess that can go wrong

  • But it’s the same for the other tables!