Ben Ferguson. Hackberry. Hackberry. Hackberry, Celtis occidentalis L. , or common hackberry is a very durable plant but is a threatened species in New Hampshire. Classification: Kingdom – Plantae (Plants) Subkingdom – Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)
Hackberry, Celtis occidentalis L. , or common hackberry is a very durable plant but is a threatened species in New Hampshire.
Kingdom – Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom – Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)
Super division – Spermatophyta(Seed plants)
Division – Magnoliophyta(Flowering plants)
Class – Magnoliopside(Dicotyledons)
Subclass – Hamamelididae
Order – Urticales
Family – Ulmaceae(Elm family)
Genus – Celtis L. (Hackberry)
Species - Celtis occidentalis L. (Common Hackberry)
The hackberry tree is an ornamental tree fruit bearing tree and reaches from12 meters to 18 meters. The branches tend to droop which gives the tree a cylindrical shape.
The bark of the hackberry tree is grayish in color and are warty in appearance.
The twigs of the hackberry tree have a
zigzag appearance to them.
The leaves of the hackberry tree are alternate, simple, sharply toothed, and 7 to 12 cm long. They are dark green with pale green beneath.
The buds are small, triangular in
shape and tan in color.
The flowers of the hackberry tree are small and greenish-yellow. They emerge in April and May along with the leaves.
The fruit of the hackberry tree are small greenish drupes that when mature change to dark red black. They mature in September and October.
Hackberry is native to the United States and occurs from Maine and also Quebec. West to N. Dakota, Wyoming and Colorado. South to Texas and Georgia.
Hackberry trees are used as ornamental trees in urban areas because it is very tolerant. It is also used as firewood and sometimes used for furniture. Hackberry trees are also used in erosion control. It’s deep root system helps prevent soil erosion and it also helps prevent wind erosion.