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初二英语下学期期末复习

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初二英语下学期期末复习. 动 词. Verbs. 复习导入. 行为 动词. 练习巩固. 动词 种类. 情态动词. 复习导入. 返回. 动词种类. She has some bananas. They eat a lot of potatoes. I’m reading an English book now. 含有实在的意义,表示动作或状态,在句中能独立作谓语。 如: put run laugh. 行为动词 Action Verbs.

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Presentation Transcript
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复习导入

行为

动词

练习巩固

动词

种类

情态动词

slide4

动词种类

She has some bananas.

They eat a lot of potatoes.

I’m reading an English book now.

含有实在的意义,表示动作或状态,在句中能独立作谓语。如:put run laugh

行为动词

Action Verbs

本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须与表语一起构成谓语。如:be look get

His father is a teacher.

Twins usually look the same.

The teacher became angry.

系 动 词

Link Verbs

本身没有词义,不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,表示否定、疑问、时态或其他语法形式。如:be does did

He doesn’t speak English.(否定)

We are playing basketball.

(进行时态)

Do you have a brother?(疑问)

助 动 词

Auxiliary Verbs

本身有一动的意义,但不能独立作谓语,只能和主要动词一起构成谓语动词,表示说话人的语气和情态。情态动词没有人称和数的变化。如:can must may

You can keep them for two weeks.

May I smoke here?

We must go new.

情态动词

Modal Verbs

返回

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行为动词

1、有些动词后面可跟不定式作宾补:

ask sb (not) to do sth

tell sb (not) to do sth

want sb (not) to dot sth

2、有些动词后面可跟双宾语,间宾置前时,相应加上介词to或for:

give sb sthe = give shte to sb

buy sb sth = buy sth for sb

teach sb sth

3、有些动词后面只可跟动词-ing,不可跟动词不定式:

enjoy doing sth

mind doing sth

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行为动词

4、有些动词后面可跟不定式也可跟动词-ing,但其义不同:

stop doing sth

stop to do sth

go on doing sth

go on to do sth

forget doing sth

forget to do sth

like doing sth

like to do sth

5、有些动词宾语后面可跟动词,也可跟动词原形,其义大不同:

watch sb/sth doing sth

watch sb/sth do sth

see sb/sth doing sth

se sb/sth do sth

返回

slide7

情态动词

  特点:情态动词表示说话人对某一动作或状态的态度,认为“可能”、“应当”、“必要”等,但本身词义不完全,不能单独作谓语动词,必须和不带”to”的动词不定式(即动词原形)连用。情态动词没有人称和数的变化。朗读时,情态动词的肯定式一般不重读,有些情态动词没有过去式,如must;有些有过去式,如:can—could,may—might,have to –had to等。

  情态动词的否定式一般是在它们的后面加否定词构成,但have to需借助动词does、do、 did not。

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情态动词

1、can和could:表示“能力”、“许可”、“可能性”。

  口语中的可替may,而may较为正式,could可替can,使语气更委婉,

eg :Some of us can speak Russian now,but we couldn’t speak it 5 years ago.

Can/could I borrow these books?

I thought the story could not be true.

2、may:

(1)表示讲可或征求对方许可,有“可以”之意,但用作此意时它的否定形式用may not,但表示“不允许”、“禁止”、“阻止”等意思时用mustn’t+代替:

例:you may go now.

May I play games in class?

No,you mustn’t.

(2)还表示可能性,有“或许”、“可能”的意思

eg:He may be English,but I’m not sure.

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情态动词

3、must和have to

返回

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练习巩固

B

  • 1.I take the newspaper away?
  • No, you mustn’t.Youread it only here.
  • A.Must,can B.May,can C.Need,must D.Must,must
  • you sing the song? Yes,I.but Itwo years ago.
  • A. B. C. D.
  • 3.Must I reture the book at once?
  • No,you .but you teturn it after school.
  • A.needn’t,must B.mustn’t,can C.mustn’t,may D.can’t,need
  • 4.Our teacher often tells us in the sereet.
  • A.no play B.not playing C.not to play D.not to playing
  • 5.My mother is out,so Ilook after my little sister.
  • A.may B.must C.have to D.can
  • 6.The students stoppedwhen the teacher came in.
  • A.to talk B.talking C.talks D.talked

B

B

B

B

B

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练习巩固

B

7.Everybody is busyready for the exams.

A.get B.to get C.getting D.get

8.Please don’t forgetthe door when you leave.

A.pocked B.lock C.to lock D.locking

9.Please walk fast,we’ll be late.

A.or B.and C.so D.then

10.The old lady saw methe pen on the floor.

A.dropped B.drop C.dropping D.to drop

11.I saw toe old womanhere when I was walking.

A.sit,pass B.sitting,past C.sitting,pass D.sit,past

12.the morning of september,our school begins.

A.In B.On C.At D.To

B

B

B

B

B

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