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HEALTH CARE. The Healthy Horse. Signs of Disease. T emp. - Pyrexia Anorexia Dehydration Behavior Change Tears Diarrhea, constipation. Signs of Disease. Floppy ears or lips, outstretched nose Dry coat Delay in change of coat Nasal discharge Cough Lameness Shaking or trembling

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Signs of disease
Signs of Disease

  • Temp. - Pyrexia

  • Anorexia

  • Dehydration

  • Behavior Change

  • Tears

  • Diarrhea, constipation


Signs of disease1
Signs of Disease

  • Floppy ears or lips, outstretched nose

  • Dry coat

  • Delay in change of coat

  • Nasal discharge

  • Cough

  • Lameness

  • Shaking or trembling

  • Rolling or thrashing


Equine emergencies
EQUINE EMERGENCIES

  • Acute Fever

  • Lacerations

  • Acute swelling of legs & body

  • Founder

  • Colic

  • Acute Eye


Colic most common symptoms
COLICMOST COMMON SYMPTOMS

  • Lying down more than usual

  • Getting up & lying down repeatedly

  • Standing stretched out

  • Standing frequently as if to urinate

  • Turning the head towards the flank

  • Repeatedly curling lip

  • Pawing at ground

  • Kicking at abdomen

  • Rolling


Colic prevention
COLIC PREVENTION

  • TPR

  • What has his appetite been?

  • Consistency & frequency of defecation?

  • Water intake normal?

  • Gums normal color?

  • Access to any unusual feedstuffs?

  • Change in management?

  • 24-hr ACCESS TO WATER

  • MULTIPLE MEALS

  • REGULAR FEEDING SCHEDULE

  • ADAPT TO NEW DIETS, NEW ROUTINES

  • GOOD QUALITY ROUGHAGE

  • KEEP FEED, CHEMICALS LOCKED UP

  • EXERCISE PROGRAM


Colic prevention1
COLIC PREVENTION

  • CHECK HORSES AT NIGHT

  • CRIBBING STRAP

  • TEETH CARE

  • DO NOT LET HORSES BOLT FEED

  • WORMING PROGRAM

  • DON’T WATER A HOT HORSE


Tetanus lockjaw
TETANUS(Lockjaw)


Tetanus lock jaw
TETANUS(Lock Jaw)

  • Muscle spasms

  • Sound & tactile stimuli

  • Lockjaw

  • Erect ears, flare nostrils

  • Salivation

  • Saw horse stance

  • Sweat

  • Recumbent

  • Death


Equine encephalomyelitis sleeping sickness
EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS(Sleeping Sickness)


Equine encephalomyelitis sleeping sickness1

SYMPTOMS

Pyrexia

Anorexia

Acute depression

Demented-behavior changes

Sleeping posture

Crash through stall

Blindness

Circling

Photophobia

EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS(Sleeping Sickness)



Influenza symptoms
INFLUENZASYMPTOMS

  • Sudden

  • Cough up to 3 wks.

  • Pyrexia

  • Watery nasal discharge.

  • Depressed

  • Weakness, stiffness

  • Anorexia




Equine viral rhinopheumonitis2
EQUINE VIRAL RHINOPHEUMONITIS

Respiratory form (EHV-1 & 4)

  • Bilateral nasal discharge

  • Pyrexia

  • Swollen eyelids

  • Dry Cough

  • Anorexia

  • Constipation or diarrhea


Equine viral rhinopheumonitis3
EQUINE VIRAL RHINOPHEUMONITIS

EHV-1

  • PREGNANT MARES

    • Asymptomatic

    • Abortion 4-5 mo later

    • Last trimester (7-11 mo)

  • FULL TERM FOALS

    • General weakness

    • Pneumonia

    • Death

  • Neurological

    • Incoordination

    • Lower leg swelling

    • Inability to pass urine or manure


Clinical signs of west nile virus
Clinical Signs of West Nile Virus

  • Ataxia or stumbling and incoordination

  • Depression or apprehension

  • Weakness of limbs, partial paralysis, or the inability to stand

  • Muscle twitching

  • Death


Strangles distemper
STRANGLES(Distemper)


Strangles distemper1
STRANGLES(Distemper)

  • SYMPTOMS

    • Sudden onset

    • Fever 2-6 d after exposure

    • Swelling & abscess

    • Anorexic

    • Nasal discharge



Rabies1
RABIES

SYMPTOMS

  • Dysfunction of nerves & brain

    • Behavior changes

    • Salivate

  • Furious form

  • Dumb form

  • Paralytic form


Potomac horse fever
POTOMAC HORSE FEVER

  • Symptoms

    • Acute colitis

    • Depression

    • Diarrhea – perfuse, watery

    • Laminitis

  • Vaccinate



Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis epm1
Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM)

  • Incubation period: 2 wks to 2 yrs

  • CSF tap



Equine infectious anemia
EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA

SYMPTOMS

Acute – Die within 3 wks

Chronic – Recurring

  • Intermittent fever

  • Blood colored spots on mucous membranes

  • Depression

  • Wt. loss

  • Edema

  • Anemia

  • Inapparent


  • Disease prevention
    Disease Prevention

    • Vaccinate

      • TETANUS

      • Influenza

      • EEE, WEE

      • VEE?

      • EHV 1 & EHV 4

      • West Niles

      • Potomac Horse Fever?

      • Strangles?

      • EPM?


    Disease prevention1
    Disease Prevention

    • Equine Infectious Anemia

      • Coggins Test


    Some steps to reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases
    Some steps to reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases:

    • Limit people's access to brood mare and foaling barn(s).

    • Separate breeding horses from others

    • Limit people's access to barns housing horses returning from major shows or events

    • Have a separate area for horses that are continually moving to and from the farm to shows, races and competitions.


    Some steps to reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases1
    Some steps to reduce the risk of introducing infectious diseases:

    • Use new sterile needles and syringes for all medications.

    • Use separate halters and lead shanks for each horse or, at least, limit their use to one group of horses.

    • Keep horses coming to the farm for short periods of time separate from the resident horses


    Parasites
    PARASITES diseases:

    • Strongyles (bloodworms)

    • Ascarids (roundworms)

    • Bots

    • Pinworms

    • Strongyloides (threadworms


    Signs of parasitism
    Signs of Parasitism diseases:

    • Dull, rough haircoat

    • Lethargy

    • Wt. Loss

    • Coughing &/or nasal discharge

    • Tail rubbing

    • Colic

    • Summer sores


    Ascarids parascaris equorum
    ASCARIDS diseases:(Parascaris equorum)


    Ascarid
    ASCARID diseases:

    • Small Intestine

    • Signs

      • Respiratory problems

      • Pot belly


    Pinworm oxyuris equi
    PINWORM diseases:(Oxyuris equi)

    • Large intestine

      • Adults: gut contents

      • Larvae: mucosa

    • Hair loss on base of tail


    Large strongyle
    LARGE STRONGYLE diseases:

    • Adults: cecum & large colon

      • Suck blood

      • Ulcers

    • Larvae: abdominal tissues & organs

      • Severe tissue damage



    Small strongyle

    Large intestine – cecum & colon diseases:

    Irritate intestinal wall causing thickening & nodules

    Dark or black manure, soft feces with foul odor

    SMALL STRONGYLE


    Bots gastrophilus intestinalis g nasalis g hemorrhoidalsis
    BOTS diseases:(Gastrophilus intestinalis, G. nasalis, G. hemorrhoidalsis)


    BOTS diseases:

    • Stomach, gums

    • Inflammation, perforation of stomach wall, gum irritation


    Stomach worm habronema muscae h microstoma drashia megastoma
    STOMACH WORM diseases:(Habronema muscae, H. microstoma, Drashia megastoma)

    • Stomach, injured skin

    • Signs

      • Gastritis

      • Summer sores

    • Damage

      • Tumors of wall

      • Ulcers in skin


    Tapeworm anoplocephala magna
    TAPEWORM diseases:(Anoplocephala magna)

    • Small intestine, cecum

    • Ulceration of ileocecal valve, intestine inflammation


    Threadworm strongyloides westeri

    Small intestine diseases:

    Mare’s milk

    Erosion of intestinal mucosa, inflammation of intestines

    Worms disappear by 6 months of age

    THREADWORM(Strongyloides westeri)


    Management for control of internal parasites
    MANAGEMENT FOR CONTROL OF INTERNAL PARASITES diseases:

    • Proper manure disposal

    • Pastures

    • Feed

    • Water


    Management for control of internal parasites1
    MANAGEMENT FOR CONTROL OF INTERNAL PARASITES diseases:

    • Drug control

    • Rotational Dewormers

      • Optimum – Every 6-8 wks

      • 4X/year – Strongyles, ascarids, pinworms

      • 2X/year – Above + bots

    • Daily wormer


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