Adverbial Clauses. Language for Chapter Four (SB1) 1.Adverbial Clauses of Time: （时间状语从句） when, while, as, before, after, since, until, as soon as, every time, each time, the moment, by the time…. I.when 1)When he comes here tomorrow,I will call you. (at the time that)
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1.Adverbial Clauses of Time:
when, while, as, before, after, since,
until, as soon as, every time, each time,
the moment, by the time…
1)When he comes here tomorrow,I will call
you. (at the time that)
2)Henry is in charge of the office when
Mr.Smith is away. (during the time that)
1)While he was walking in the street,
he met Tim. (分词短语）
While walking in the street,he met Tim.
Walking in the street ,he met Tom.
2)He learned to speak English while he was
3)I like tea while she likes coffee.
III. as (一边...一边,随着）
1)As they were picking tea,the girls were
2) She sang as she worked.
1)It won’t be long before he finishes his writing.
1)After he (had) finished his work,he left there.
He (had) finished his work before he left here.
After finishing his work,he left here.
Having finished his work,he left here.
VII. until (till) (up to the time that)
1)He will not go to bed until(till) his
2)Until she told me, I had no idea of what
they had said.
3)It is not until his mother comes home
that he will go to bed.(强调结构）
1)As soon as she got home,she began to cook.
On getting home,she began to cook.
*IX. every time,each time,the moment
1)Every time/each time I catch a cold,I
have pain in my back.
2)There was an applause the moment (as
soon as) she appeared on the stage.
X. by the time
1)By the time he arrived,the train had already
2)By the time he comes,we will already have left.
1.They walked out of the room ___the
meeting was over.
2.They must stay in school ____they are
3.Take the medicine ____you go to bed.
5.It is more than five years ____we started to
6._____he talked on,he got more and more
7.We should strike ____the iron is hot.
because, since, as,
now that, for
1)The ship changed its course because there
was a storm.
The ship changed its course because of
2)Because he was ill,he didn’t go to school.
He was ill ,so he didn’t go to school.
Being ill, he didn’t go to school.
1)Since you are ill,you’d better go to see
2)Since you do not understand ,I will
1)As she was late for class,she had to say
2)As Jane was the oldest in this family,
she had to look after the others.
1)Now that class is over,let’s go to play
He must be ill, for he is absent today.
1.The teacher must be strict with you ____
they want you to make great progress.
2.____your father is well again,you no longer
have anything to worry about.
3.The day breaks,_____the birds are singing.
1)If he had worked harder,he would have passed
2)If you work harder,you will succeed.
Work harder, and you will succeed.
Work harder,or you won’t succeed.
Working harder,you will succeed.
1)We can’t write to Mary unless she tells us
We can’t write to Mary if she doesn’t tell us
*III.as long as(只要 )
1)I will never give up learning as long as I live.
2)You may borrow the book as long as you
keep it clean.
We’ll let you use the room on condition that
you keep it tidy.
You’d better take your raincoat with you in case
You may find him where his parents live.
5.Adverbial Clauses of Purpose
so that /in order that
They set out early so that (in order that) they
might arrive there in time.
They set out early in order to( so as to)
arrive there in time.
6.Adverbial Clauses of Result
1) It is so good a story that I’ll never forget it.
It is such a good story that I’ll never forget it.
2)such+adj.+名词 +that clause
3)so +adj./adv. +that clause
4)so + many/few + 复数名词 +that clause
1)He doesn’t work so hard as you do.
2)There is as much ink in bottle A as in bottle B.
3)The more you worry,the less you’ll succeed.
4) Gold is much heavier than any other metal.
8.Adverbial Clauses of Concession·让步状从
1)Although(Though)he is old ,he works hard.
He is old,but he works hard.
2)Even though (even if)yousay so,I don’t
believe it. (即使 )
*3. Difficultasthe work is,we’ll finish it on time.
Though the work is difficult,we’ll finish it on
4.Whenever(No matter when) you come to
our country,you will be warmly welcomed.
5.Wherever(No matter where) he goes,he always
brings two bodyguards with him.
Exercises:Fill in the blank with a conjunction.
(where, unless, if, as, such…that, even though , as if, now that)
1.A driver should slow down ___the
roads are narrow.
2.___you mail the letter today, it won’t arrive
3.___he has time,he will come and see us later.
4.Tom made __great progress ___his headmaster praised him at the school meeting.
5.___his father knew what he had done, the boy was going to be in trouble.
6.We will stay a little longer ___it is very late.
7.She pretended to laugh loudly ___the story at the school meeting.
were very funny.
8.Poor ___his English was,yet Mr.Li made
himself understood in England.
9.You should do ___your parents ask you to do.