Towards the cooperation in central asia via energy saving and renewable energy
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Towards the Cooperation in Central Asia via Energy Saving and Renewable Energy. Integrating Central Asia into the World Economy: The Role of Energy and Transport Infrastructure Washington, 21-22 October, 2007 Kanat Baigarin, Dr. Climate Change Co-ordination Centre.

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Towards the cooperation in central asia via energy saving and renewable energy

Towards the Cooperation in Central Asia via Energy Saving and Renewable Energy

Integrating Central Asia into the World Economy: The Role of Energy and Transport Infrastructure

Washington, 21-22 October, 2007

Kanat Baigarin, Dr.

Climate Change Co-ordination Centre


General information some regional organizations and program in central asia

General Information: Some regional organizations and Program in Central Asia

  • OCAC (CA Cooperation): KZ,KR,RU,TJ, UZ

  • OCAREC (CA Regional Economical Cooperation): AZ,CHI,KZ,KR,MO,TJ,UZ

  • CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States)

  • OEC (Economical Cooperation): AF,AZ,IR,KZ,KR,PA,TJ,TU,TRK,UZ

  • EEC (Euro-asian economical community): BE,KZ,RK,RU,TJ,+UZ

  • ShOC (Shanghai organization for Cooperation): CH,KZ,RK,RU,TJ,UZ

  • UEA (Unified Economical Area): BE,KZ,RU,UK

  • SPECA (Special UN Program for CA Economy): AF,AZ,KZ,RK,TJ,TRK,UZ


General information review of ca states participation in regional cooperation

General Information: Review of CA States participation in Regional cooperation


General information map of central asia

General Information: Map of Central Asia


Kazakhstan export import priorities

Kazakhstan: Export-Import Priorities

  • Exports:$35.55 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Exports - commodities:oil and oil products 58%, ferrous metals 24%, chemicals 5%, machinery 3%, grain, wool, meat, coal (2001)

  • Exports - partners: Germany 12.4%, Russia 11.6%, China 10.9%, Italy 10.5%, France 7.4%, Romania 4.9% (2006) Imports: $22 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment 41%, metal products 28%, foodstuffs 8% (2001)

  • Imports - partners:Russia 36.7%, China 19.5%, Germany 7.4% (2006)


Uzbekistan export import priorities

Uzbekistan: Export-Import Priorities

  • Exports:$5.51 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Exports - commodities:cotton, gold, energy products, mineral fertilizers, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, textiles, food products, machinery, automobiles

  • Exports - partners:Russia 23.9%, Poland 11.8%, China 10.5%, Turkey 7.5%, Kazakhstan 6%, Ukraine 4.7%, Bangladesh 4.4% (2006)

  • Imports:$3.99 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, ferrous and non-ferrous metals

  • Imports - partners:Russia 27.8%, South Korea 15.6%, China 10.4%, Kazakhstan 7.3%, Germany 7.1%, Ukraine 4.8%, Turkey 4.5% (2006)


Turkmenistan export import priorities

Turkmenistan: Export-Import Priorities

  • Exports:$5.421 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Exports - commodities:gas, crude oil, petrochemicals, cotton fiber, textiles

  • Exports - partners:Ukraine 47.2%, Iran 16.3%, Azerbaijan 4.3% (2006)

  • Imports:$3.936 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs

  • Imports - partners:UAE 13.7%, Azerbaijan 11.8%, Turkey 9.9%, Ukraine 8.1%, Russia 8%, Germany 6.9%, Iran 6.7%, China 5.7% (2006)


Kyrgyzstan export import priorities

Kyrgyzstan: Export-Import Priorities

  • Exports:$701.8 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Exports - commodities:cotton, wool, meat, tobacco; gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, hydropower; machinery; shoes Exports - partners:UAE 35.7%, Russia 20.2%, Kazakhstan 13%, China 11.7% (2006)

  • Imports:$1.177 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Imports - commodities:oil and gas, machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs Imports - partners:China 56.8%, Russia 15.1%, Kazakhstan 8.1% (2006)


Tajikistan export import priorities

Tajikistan: Export-Import Priorities

  • Exports:$1.16 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Exports - commodities:aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles

  • Exports - partners:Norway 13.9%, Russia 13%, Turkey 12.2%, Uzbekistan 9.4%, US 6.4%, Italy 5.3%, Iran 5.2%, Greece 4.2% (2006)

  • Imports:$1.513 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

  • Imports - commodities:electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs

  • Imports - partners:Russia 21.2%, China 17.2%, Kazakhstan 10.6%, Uzbekistan 9.6%, Azerbaijan 7.3%, Ukraine 5.2%, Turkey 4% (2006)


General information

General Information:


Towards the cooperation in central asia via energy saving and renewable energy

The structure of power plants installed capacity in Kazakhstan:

General capacity – 18,190 МW; The Northern zone -13,130 MWThe Western energy zone - 2,070 MWThe Southern Energy Zone-2,990 MW Thermal gas-turbine and steam-to-gas stations – 395 MW (2%); Hydraulic power stations 2230 MВт (12%) Thermal steam-power plants that use organic fuel – 15,565 MW (86%);

Kazakhstan


Kazakhstan has a high potential for energy saving

Kazakhstan has a high potential for energy saving:

A weighted energy consumption for production of some energy intensive products:

Kazakhstanthe United States

copper 1,442 kWh/tons 300 kWh/tons

rolled iron 190 kWh/tons23 kWh/tons

steel 650 kWh/tons 152 kWh/tons

aluminum 670 kWh/tons 240 kWh/tons


Towards the cooperation in central asia via energy saving and renewable energy

Wind power potential estimates -a total capacity of 2,000 МW(500MW up to 2030)

Attractiveness of these projects:

immediate proximity to the existing power lines;

high level of demand for energy;

especially good conditions in the area of the Djungar Gates and the Shelek Corridor in the Almaty Oblast


Towards the cooperation in central asia via energy saving and renewable energy

Wind potential in North KazakhstanIsovents of annual average wind speed for North Kazakhstan based on the period 1951-11977(Wind Energy in Kazakhstan, part1:Market Development Study,1998)


Example pilot wind ps 5mw in djungar gates

Example- Pilot Wind PS-5MW in Djungar Gates

The Kazakhstan / UNDP/GEF Project «On Overcoming Barriers to Development of Wind Power Engineering in Kazakhstan» (1997-1999), GEF possible grant for construction of a WPS-5 MW $ US 1,000,000

Pre-feasibility completed. Almatyautomatica JSC completed work on installation of a 500 kW wind power station in the Druzhba Railway Station area.

Supported from the Government of Kazakhstan. Need to develop legislative documents ( privileges and taxes) to implement the Project and to promote RE

Proposed as JI/CDM project: total project cost : US $ 5.2 million

Annual Emission Reductions- 21,211t CO2

ERs Eligible for CDM (2004 –2012) 190,899 t CO2

ERs Eligible for JI( 2008-2012) 106,055 t CO2


Instalation of djungarwps 500kw by jsc almatyavtomatika

Instalation of DjungarWPS-500kW byJSC AlmatyAvtomatika


Hydro power potential estimates at 170twh yr

Hydro power potential estimates at 170TWh/yr

Construction of 450 small hydropower plants of a total capacity of 2,500 МW with production of 11 TWh/year

At present the country use about 8 TWh/year.

The preference - construction of new ( Mainak HPP-300MW and Kerbulak HPP-500MW); construction and also rehabilitation of small and middle-size HPPs which are economically wise.

The Almaty Oblast – the best perspective for development of small HPPs ( but dependent on large energy imports from other regions )

Current delivery system for baseline estimation (displacement of fossil fuel fired plants)


The bartogay hydropower site

The Bartogay hydropower site


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