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Identity. People use various things to identify themselves. EG Color of hair Gender Race Style of clothing Teams they are on Entertainment preferences (cowboy music or rap) … Is being Canadian a part of your identity – what is a Canadian.

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People use various things to identify themselves

People use various things to identify themselves

  • EG

    • Color of hair

    • Gender

    • Race

    • Style of clothing

    • Teams they are on

    • Entertainment preferences (cowboy music or rap)

  • Is being Canadian a part of your identity – what is a Canadian


  • Stereotypes: Lumberjack, fur trader, igloo, eat blubber, ride dog sled

  • Don’t know Jimmy, Sally or Suzie (small population)

  • Explaining our differences: PM instead of President, bilingual (not American = British spelling/pronunciation - zed), peacekeepers vs policing, diversity vs assimilation

    • Pronouncing about

      • Proudly sew flag (world likes Canadians)

  • Beaver

  • Explaining Canadian terms: toque, chesterfield

  • Describing us: 2nd largest landmass, first nation of hockey, the best part of North America

  • “Thank you” (polite)

  • What is a canadian

    What is a Canadian?

    Symbols of other nations

    Symbols of other nations

    National identity

    National Identity

    • Key Features of Canadian Identity

      • Geography

        • Northern location, next to US

        • 2nd largest country

      • Natural Resources

        • Wealthy, don’t depend on others

      • Society

        • urban, modern

      • Cultural make-up

        • Bilingual, multicultural

      • World Position

        • Middle power, peacekeeper

    The canadian national anthem

    The Canadian National Anthem

    What images/symbols are there in our national anthem – how does it compare to other anthems like the French or American?

    “We Are the Beaver”


    • The US is the eagle, Russia is the bear,Australia is the kangaroo, cause they're kind of weird down there.Yeah, India is the tiger, that stands so proud and tall,But Canada is the greatest of them all.We are the beaver, we're furry and we're freeYeah, we are the beaver, we got two big front teethYeah, we are the beaver, we can chew right through small treesWe are the beaver.You might think a rodent is a pretty lame choiceFor a national animal, but don't you listen to that voice.No, cause all them birds and predators, just take from the landBut the beaver, always gives a dam.We are the beaver, we got cute little webbed feetYeah, we are the beaver, it's bark we like to eatYeah, we are the beaver, a nickel we complete..The eagle flies the sky above and swoops down on its preyThe big bear will maul anyone who dares gets in its wayThe tiger is the greatest of the hunters today.But the beaver it can build dams. Yeah,The beaver it can build dams.We are the beaver, we slap our tails when danger is nearby.We are the beaver, we got waterproof hides.Yeah, we are the beaver, we got big bums and beady eyes.We are the beaver, we are the beaver, we are the beaver.We are the beaver, our name is often used as a double-entendre We are the beaver, cause in Canada both French and English belongYeah, we are the beaver, and the subject of this song We are the beaver, we are the beaver, we are the beaver.


    Canadian Symbolism on Money

    Institutions like the bank of canada and the canadian mint celebrate the symbols of canada

    Institutions like the Bank of Canada and the Canadian Mint celebrate the symbols of Canada

    • Wilfred Laurier

    • West Block of Parliament

    • Winter sports and famous Canadian hockey story

    Bank of canada symbolism

    Bank of Canada Symbolism

    • John A. Macdonald

    • Library of Parliament

    • Canada’s military history including peacekeeping and Vimy Memorial


    • Head of State – Queen

    • Center Block of Parliament

    • Pacific First Nations imagery


    • Mackenzie King

    • Parliamentary Clock Tower

    • Focus on human rights, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Famous Five


    • Robert Borden

    • East Block Parliamentary Offices

    • Themes of Canadian exploration in the past (canoe) and today (satellite)

    Myths defining canadian identity

    Myths Defining Canadian Identity

    Myths are common tales or beliefs that we hold true as Canadians – often they are stereotypes held by Canadian and other countries (they often have a piece of truth – think about the stories that are often told at family gatherings and how they change over time.


    • ‘Rugged Canadian’

      • Frontier Spirit

      • Conquering the unknown


    • Myth that we are anti-war and providers of peace, always involved in UN peacekeeping

      • Lately, we have moved away from peacekeeping

      • - Afghanistan is a combat operation

    • Canadians are ‘Peacekeepers’

    Canada played an important role early on through Lester Pearson


    • Canada as an ‘inclusive’ nation

      • We pride ourselves on welcoming all outsiders

        • Prejudice against Chinese immigrants

        • Japanese Internment

        • Refusal of Jewish refugees

        • Preference of immigrants from Northern European countries until the 1960’s

    What creates our identity a shared history

    What creates our identity – a shared history?

    Establishing canada pg 73 78

    Establishing Canada pg 73 - 78

    London Conference 1866-67 drafted British North American Act

    Expo song—can’t resist

    2010 Olympic Song video

    War of 1812

    War of 1812

    Looking back

    Looking Back

    WAR 1812

    We beat the USA!

    Sort of

    RMR – War 1812

    RMR – War 1812 also

    Arrogant Worms

    Confederation of canada

    Confederation of Canada

    • Louis Lafontaine (Francophone) and Robert Baldwin (Anglophone) cooperate with each other to create better democracy in Canada

      • Union of Upper and Lower Canada – the first representative government in Canada

    Confederation (BNA Act) – 1867

    - “The Dominion of Canada”

    - Prime Minister John A. Macdonald

    - Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,

    Ontario, Quebec

    How many Canadians know these details??

    Canadian railway

    Loyalists Landing - 1873

    Canadian Railway

    CPR establishes the Canadian Railway across the continent

    What about geography

    What about geography?

    Part of our identity is being the second largest country in the world, with a harsh climate

    But how is our geography a force that divides our nation-state into different nations?

    Big country

    BIG country

    2nd largest in world

    Cold…we’re hearty

    Canada weather – 22 min

    Wwi vimy ridge

    WWI – Vimy Ridge

    Two possible reasons World War I intensified Canadian nationalism:

    1) Pride in Canada’s accomplishments on the battlefield promoted Canadian patriotism

    2) Canadians reacted to the sheer slaughter on the Western Front by adopting an increasingly anti-British attitude

    Canada day

    Dominion Day

    Canada Day

    Canada adopts own flag in December 1964

    flag debate

    Charter of rights and freedoms canadian constitution

    Charter of Rights and Freedoms & Canadian Constitution

    Fundamental Freedoms

    Legal, mobility, democratic, and equality rights

    Collective rights

    ‘Patriation' of the constitution


    “In the psychological sense, there is no Canadian nation as there is an American or French nation. There is a legal and geographic entity, but the nation does not exist. For there are no objects that all Canadians share as objects of national feeling.”

    (Charles Hanley)

    Canada as a civic nation

    Canada as a Civic Nation

    Things americans have noticed about us

    Things Americans have noticed about us:

    A few interesting facts

    Canada has more donut shops per capita than the United States does.

    Canadians consume more Kraft Dinner (aka Kraft Macaroni & Cheese) per capita than any other nationality on earth.

    The CBC's evening news anchor is bald and doesn't wear a toupee.

    Contests run by anyone other than the government have "skill-testing questions" that winners must answer correctly before they can claim a prize. These are usually math problems, and are administered to get around the law that only the government can administer lotteries.

    The big mass-market beers are Molson and Labatt, and they're stronger than US beers. The major cigarette labels are milder than American ones.

    There are billboards advertising vacations in Cuba, and Cuban cigars are freely available.

    Nobody worries about losing a life's savings or a home because of illness.

    Teenagers can drink legally. The drinking age in Quebec, Manitoba, and Alberta is 18; it's 19 in the rest of the country.

    Potato chips come in flavo(u)rs such as salt and vinegar, ketchup, and "all dressed"

    Cars (especially on the Prairies) have electrical plugs sticking out from under the hoods. These are for block heaters, to prevent engines from freezing when it's -40.

    People give distances in times, not miles.

    People ask whether you'd like "a coffee" rather than "some coffee."


    Canadian language

    arena - An ice rink with seats around it. Could be any enclosed area with seats for viewing surrounding it, but the implication is that it's primarily for hockey.

    arse, bum - One's hind quarters. "He kicked me in the bum."

    bag - versus "sack," especially in US midwest

    beater - An old beat-up car.

    Central Canada - Refers to southern Ontario, actually 1300 miles east of the centre of Canada. But in their minds...

    The West - Refers to any point from Manitoba (actual centre of Canada) west to the Pacific Ocean.

    chesterfield - A couch, or sofa, or whatever you call it where you are.

    corner store – convenience store, usually on a corner in a residential neighbourhood of a city.

    deke - To move quickly

    DUI - Driving under the influence; same as DWI, although limits in Canada are 0.08 vs. 0.1 in US

    eavestrough - A gutter, the sort that is attached to houses and funnels rain water down a pipe.

    elastic - rubber band

    go missing - to disappear, become misplaced

    Grade Oner,Twoers, Threers… - First, Second, Third…Grader

    holiday - A vacation or a trip. Also used in the American sense, meaning a day off work or school.

    housecoat - robe, bathrobe


    keener - Someone very eager and enthusiastic. Sometimes in the sense of brown-noser, suckup

    klick - Kilometer, or kilometer per hour.

    lineup - line.

    pencil crayons – colored pencils

    Robertson screws - Screws with a square hole rather than a straight or X-shaped one. Robertson screws are just about impossible to strip, unlike Phillips-head. They'd be popular in the States except that Henry Ford wanted exclusive rights to them, and Robertson refused to sell.

    runners - sneakers, running shoes

    second-last - Next to last

    ski-doo - Generic term for snowmobile.

    snowbird - Canadian who flees to southern United States (usually Florida) for some/all winter.

    tea towel - dish towel

    toque - Rhymes with "kook." A kind of hat, everywhere in wintertime.

    track pants - sweat pants

    washroom - bathroom



    back bacon - Canadian bacon. Sometimes rolled in peameal (like cornmeal, but from peas).

    butter tart - A very small (single-serving) pie. They taste like pecan pies without the pecans.

    chocolate bar - Candy bar. Popular Canadian brands include Aero, Crispy Crunch, Crunchie, Coffee Crisp, Caramilk, Bounty. Mars Bars have darker chocolate and no nuts. Other Canadian candies include Smarties (imagine very sweet M&Ms in brightly colored boxes, not the sweet-tart chalky things), Mackintosh toffee.

    homo milk - Homogenized milk. Known in the States as whole milk. Nobody here thinks twice about what images milk cartons with the word "HOMO" in big letters on the side conjure up in the minds of Americans

    Nanaimo bar - A confection, named for the town of Nanaimo on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, that resembles a brownie but is topped with a layer of white butter cream icing and another of solid chocolate.

    pop - soda.

    poutine (pron. poo-TEEN) Quebecois specialty. French fries covered in cheese curds and gravy.

    Rockets – Smarties; small, chalky candies packaged in rolls wrapped in clear plastic.

    Smarties - a candy resembling M&Ms. They do melt in your hand, and they're a lot sweeter.

    Shreddies - A brand of breakfast cereal, vaguely resembling Chex.

    Timbits - Do(ugh)nut holes from Tim Horton's.


    A broadcast created during the 2010 Olympics


    Organizations that promote canadian nationalism

    Organizations that Promote Canadian Nationalism

    Hudson s bay company

    Hudson’s Bay Company

    • British Royal Charter - 1670

    • Oldest Corporation in North America

    • Fur traders, Rupertsland

    • Sold land to create the NWT

    Cbc canadian broadcasting corporation

    Canadian Programming (unique from American stations)

    Formed by the Canadian government to protect and expand Canadian cultural identity

    CBC: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

    • Hockey Night in Canada

    • Dragons’ Den, Heartland etc.

    • Road to Avonlea, Corner Gas, Little Mosque on the Prairie

    • 22 Minutes, Rick mercer, SCTV, Kids in the Hall2





    National History Museum

    National Art Gallery

    Museum of Civilizations

    Glenbow Museum

    Military Museums

    Air canada

    Air Canada

    • Need for easy communication and transit across a giant nation-state

    • Formed to foster development of air travel in Canada (modernization)

    • Formerly a Crown corporation - now publically owned

    • Notice the symbolism on the plane and the logo……

    Rcmp royal canadian mounted police

    RCMP – Royal Canadian Mounted Police

    • Founded to bring order to the west (NWMP)

    • Scarlet Uniforms and Stetsons are recognized the world over as Canadian

    • Musical Ride

    Assignment creating a coat of arms

    Assignment: Creating a Coat of Arms

    CBC News in Review – 2010 New Governor General Coat of Arms

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