Identity. People use various things to identify themselves. EG Color of hair Gender Race Style of clothing Teams they are on Entertainment preferences (cowboy music or rap) … Is being Canadian a part of your identity – what is a Canadian.
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What images/symbols are there in our national anthem – how does it compare to other anthems like the French or American?
“We Are the Beaver”
Canadian Symbolism on Money
Myths Defining Canadian Identity
Myths are common tales or beliefs that we hold true as Canadians – often they are stereotypes held by Canadian and other countries (they often have a piece of truth – think about the stories that are often told at family gatherings and how they change over time.
Canada played an important role early on through Lester Pearson
What creates our identity – a shared history?
London Conference 1866-67 drafted British North American Act
Expo song—can’t resist http://archives.cbc.ca/society/celebrations/topics/100-531/
2010 Olympic Song video
We beat the USA!
RMR – War 1812
RMR – War 1812 also
Confederation (BNA Act) – 1867
- “The Dominion of Canada”
- Prime Minister John A. Macdonald
- Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,
How many Canadians know these details??
Loyalists Landing - 1873
CPR establishes the Canadian Railway across the continent
Part of our identity is being the second largest country in the world, with a harsh climate
But how is our geography a force that divides our nation-state into different nations?
2nd largest in world
Canada weather – 22 min
Two possible reasons World War I intensified Canadian nationalism:
1) Pride in Canada’s accomplishments on the battlefield promoted Canadian patriotism
2) Canadians reacted to the sheer slaughter on the Western Front by adopting an increasingly anti-British attitude
Canada adopts own flag in December 1964
Legal, mobility, democratic, and equality rights
‘Patriation' of the constitution
“In the psychological sense, there is no Canadian nation as there is an American or French nation. There is a legal and geographic entity, but the nation does not exist. For there are no objects that all Canadians share as objects of national feeling.”
Canada as a Civic Nation
A few interesting facts
Canada has more donut shops per capita than the United States does.
Canadians consume more Kraft Dinner (aka Kraft Macaroni & Cheese) per capita than any other nationality on earth.
The CBC's evening news anchor is bald and doesn't wear a toupee.
Contests run by anyone other than the government have "skill-testing questions" that winners must answer correctly before they can claim a prize. These are usually math problems, and are administered to get around the law that only the government can administer lotteries.
The big mass-market beers are Molson and Labatt, and they're stronger than US beers. The major cigarette labels are milder than American ones.
There are billboards advertising vacations in Cuba, and Cuban cigars are freely available.
Nobody worries about losing a life's savings or a home because of illness.
Teenagers can drink legally. The drinking age in Quebec, Manitoba, and Alberta is 18; it's 19 in the rest of the country.
Potato chips come in flavo(u)rs such as salt and vinegar, ketchup, and "all dressed"
Cars (especially on the Prairies) have electrical plugs sticking out from under the hoods. These are for block heaters, to prevent engines from freezing when it's -40.
People give distances in times, not miles.
People ask whether you'd like "a coffee" rather than "some coffee."
arena - An ice rink with seats around it. Could be any enclosed area with seats for viewing surrounding it, but the implication is that it's primarily for hockey.
arse, bum - One's hind quarters. "He kicked me in the bum."
bag - versus "sack," especially in US midwest
beater - An old beat-up car.
Central Canada - Refers to southern Ontario, actually 1300 miles east of the centre of Canada. But in their minds...
The West - Refers to any point from Manitoba (actual centre of Canada) west to the Pacific Ocean.
chesterfield - A couch, or sofa, or whatever you call it where you are.
corner store – convenience store, usually on a corner in a residential neighbourhood of a city.
deke - To move quickly
DUI - Driving under the influence; same as DWI, although limits in Canada are 0.08 vs. 0.1 in US
eavestrough - A gutter, the sort that is attached to houses and funnels rain water down a pipe.
elastic - rubber band
go missing - to disappear, become misplaced
Grade Oner,Twoers, Threers… - First, Second, Third…Grader
holiday - A vacation or a trip. Also used in the American sense, meaning a day off work or school.
housecoat - robe, bathrobe
keener - Someone very eager and enthusiastic. Sometimes in the sense of brown-noser, suckup
klick - Kilometer, or kilometer per hour.
lineup - line.
pencil crayons – colored pencils
Robertson screws - Screws with a square hole rather than a straight or X-shaped one. Robertson screws are just about impossible to strip, unlike Phillips-head. They'd be popular in the States except that Henry Ford wanted exclusive rights to them, and Robertson refused to sell.
runners - sneakers, running shoes
second-last - Next to last
ski-doo - Generic term for snowmobile.
snowbird - Canadian who flees to southern United States (usually Florida) for some/all winter.
tea towel - dish towel
toque - Rhymes with "kook." A kind of hat, everywhere in wintertime.
track pants - sweat pants
washroom - bathroom
back bacon - Canadian bacon. Sometimes rolled in peameal (like cornmeal, but from peas).
butter tart - A very small (single-serving) pie. They taste like pecan pies without the pecans.
chocolate bar - Candy bar. Popular Canadian brands include Aero, Crispy Crunch, Crunchie, Coffee Crisp, Caramilk, Bounty. Mars Bars have darker chocolate and no nuts. Other Canadian candies include Smarties (imagine very sweet M&Ms in brightly colored boxes, not the sweet-tart chalky things), Mackintosh toffee.
homo milk - Homogenized milk. Known in the States as whole milk. Nobody here thinks twice about what images milk cartons with the word "HOMO" in big letters on the side conjure up in the minds of Americans
Nanaimo bar - A confection, named for the town of Nanaimo on Vancouver Island in British Columbia, that resembles a brownie but is topped with a layer of white butter cream icing and another of solid chocolate.
pop - soda.
poutine (pron. poo-TEEN) Quebecois specialty. French fries covered in cheese curds and gravy.
Rockets – Smarties; small, chalky candies packaged in rolls wrapped in clear plastic.
Smarties - a candy resembling M&Ms. They do melt in your hand, and they're a lot sweeter.
Shreddies - A brand of breakfast cereal, vaguely resembling Chex.
Timbits - Do(ugh)nut holes from Tim Horton's.
A broadcast created during the 2010 Olympics
Organizations that Promote Canadian Nationalism
Canadian Programming (unique from American stations)
Formed by the Canadian government to protect and expand Canadian cultural identity
National History Museum
National Art Gallery
Museum of Civilizations
CBC News in Review – 2010 New Governor General Coat of Arms