Consumption voluntary simplicity
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Consumption & Voluntary Simplicity. Source: elephantjournal.com. All of our “stuff” makes an impact. Emissions are produced…. 55% emissions related to consumption. What do we mean by stuff?. Anything that is produced, which you purchase, use and then dispose of. Cars Clothes Appliances

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Consumption & Voluntary Simplicity

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Consumption voluntary simplicity

Consumption & Voluntary Simplicity

Source: elephantjournal.com


All of our stuff makes an impact

All of our “stuff” makes an impact


Emissions are produced

Emissions are produced…


55 emissions related to consumption

55% emissions related to consumption


What do we mean by stuff

What do we mean by stuff?

  • Anything that is produced, which you purchase, use and then dispose of.

    • Cars

    • Clothes

    • Appliances

    • Food

    • Books

    • Magazines

    • Forks

    • Lamps

    • Pens

    • Electronics

    • Clocks

    • Etc.


Greenhouse gas sources and sinks associated with the material life cycle

Greenhouse Gas Sourcesand SinksAssociated with the Material Life Cycle


Creating stuff creates emissions

Creating stuff creates emissions

  • Where does it come from?

  • How is it produced?

  • What emissions are associated with producing this item?

  • What emissions are associated with transporting this?

  • What emissions are associated with the sales/marketing of this?


Using some stuff causes emissions

Using some stuff causes emissions

  • Are emissions created when this is used?

  • Does it require a power source?

    • Electronics


End of life emissions

End of life emissions

  • What happens to it after you’re finish using it?

  • What is it made of?

    • Does it decompose?

    • How many different materials are in it?

    • Can they be

      • Reused?

      • Recycled?

  • Does it go to the landfill?


Waste produces emissions

Waste produces emissions

  • Landfills produce methane

  • Harms wildlife

  • Requires space


Recycling reduces emissions

Recycling reduces emissions

  • Saves energy inputs

  • Reduces the need to extract virgin material

    • Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 2000lbs CO2

    • Recycling steel and tin cans saves 60-74% of the energy used to produce them from raw materials and reduces associated air and water pollution by the same percentages

    • Oregon saved 28 Trillion BTU by recycling in 2004 (2.5% state’s total energy use)


Results energy by process

Results – Energy (by process)

Total Solid Waste Disposed, Recovered & GeneratedPounds Per Person Per Day 1992 - 2005

8

8.4

7.5

3.8

3.5

8.0

7

7.7

7.5

6.5

7.2

7.2

6

6.6

3.3

6.1

2.8

3.2

2.7

5.5

5.7

2.3

5

2.0

4.5

1.5

1.5

4

Pounds Per Person Per Day

3.5

3

4.6

4.5

2.5

4.5

4.4

4.3

4.3

4.3

4.2

4.1

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2003

2004

2005

Key

= Recovered

= Disposed

0.0

= Generated

Recovery + Disposal = Generation

Recycling is Up in Oregon, But So is Waste Generation

45


Composting reduces emissions

Composting reduces emissions

  • Methane produced in landfills come primarily from food and yard waste

  • Decomposition in compost is aerobic

    • Produces some CO2 (but has a much lower impact)

  • Decomposition in landfills is anaerobic

    • Produces Methane


Some materials

Some materials

  • Paper

  • Metals

    • Recycling aluminum saves 95% of the energy needed to produce new aluminum

    • Recycling steel and tin cans saves 74% of the energy used to produce them

    • About 70% of all metal used just once and is discarded

  • Plastics


Consumption voluntary simplicity

LANDFILL

95% of total energy used and pollution generated comes before can is even created!


The life cycle of a cd or dvd

The Life Cycle of a CD or DVD

  • Working in groups of two see if you can create a lifecylce of a CD or DVD.

  • Write the steps on a paper and be ready to share with your classmates.

  • After everyone has shared we will see the EPAs version.


Most landfill content shouldn t be there

Most landfill content shouldn’t be there


So what s the problem

So What’s The Problem?

  • Resource & Environmental Issues

  • Personal Debt +

  • Stress +

  • Happiness In Question

  • Impacts On Quality of Life

  • Throw away Culture – Use It Once Mentality

  • Corporations Using Planned Obsolescence Model

  • Economy Tied To Growth Model

  • Having ‘Stuff’ Can Be Equated With ‘Status’

  • Media Promotes Consumption Model

  • Policies Encourage Growth & Consumption


Consumption and waste ethics

Consumption and Waste:Ethics

35 times more resources for him

…than him


Options for change

Options for Change


Close the loop

Close the loop!


Conscious consumption deciding

Conscious Consumption: Deciding

  • Deciding to buy

    • Do you really need it or just want it?

    • Am I trying to fulfill an internal need with an external thing?

    • What would I do if I didn’t have this?

    • What impact did this have?

    • What else could I use?


Once you decide to buy ask

Once you decide to buy, ask:

  • Do you want to support this company?

  • Green alternative?

  • Local alternative?

  • Recycled content? How much?

  • Recyclable?

  • Will use emit GHGs?

  • How long will it last?

  • How much packaging?


When you re using it ask

When you’re using it, ask:

  • Is it using energy?

  • Can it be unplugged?

  • Can it be recharged?

  • Does it really have to stay cold/hot?


When you re done with it

When you’re done with it

  • Reuse

    • Reuse for another purpose

    • Donate to a charitable organization

    • Sell on Craigslist, etc.

  • Recycle

    • Turn it into something else

  • Compost

  • Dispose


Activities

Activities


Analyze your consumption

Analyze Your Consumption

  • Look At Your Decisions……..

    • Cloth vs. Disposable

    • Paper vs. Plastic

    • Disposable Cups

    • Paper Use

    • Styrofoam

    • Cotton vs. Synthetic

  • Use More Than Once

    • Recycled Content

    • Buy It Used

    • Repair Stuff

    • Re-gift

    • Buy Durable Goods

      CLOSE THE LOOP


Pairs activity

Pairs Activity

  • Think of one gift your received this past Holiday season.

  • Do you still have it? If so, what are the qualities that made you keep it?

  • Think about a gift you did not keep, what are the qualities it had that made you not keep it?

  • How could you change the throwaway gift problem next year?


Reduce waste at the source

Reduce Waste at the Source

Recycling is not enough!

  • ► Recycling still takes energy, makes pollution:

  • Reduce vs. Eliminate Impacts

  • ► Most environmental impacts occur in the “pre-disposal” stages (i.e., extraction, processing, transportation, marketing).

  • Reduce: eliminate impacts upstream & downstream

  • Reuse: using a product in its original form, without the repulping, melting, grinding, or other mechanical or chemical reformulation associated with recycling.

  • e.g., reusing a personal computer saves 5 - 20 times more energy than recycling it; reusing a corrugated box saves 3 - 4 times more energy than recycling it.

  • Recycle: mechanical or chemical reformulation of materials.


4 steps in conscious consumption

4 steps in conscious consumption

  • Reduce Waste at the source

    • Consider whether it’s a need or a want. Buy less

    • Buy recycled & recyclable goods

  • Reuse

  • Recycle as necessary

  • Compost food and yard waste


Consumption voluntary simplicity

For more info on the link between material consumption, recovery, landfilling, and waste, visit:

www.deq.state.or.us/lq/sw/globalwarming.htm

The Resource Innovation Group

www.theresourceinnovationgroup.org


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