Injuries to the Head and Neck. PE 236 Juan Cuevas, ATC. Anatomy Review. Skull The skull has 8 cranial bones & 14 facial bones. Cranial bones have articulations called suture joints. Anatomy Review (continued). Soft tissue structures protect the cranium.
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Juan Cuevas, ATC
cranial bones &
14 facial bones.
called suture joints.
Central Nervous System (CNS)
The Neck (cervical spine)
Even minor head trauma can result in serious injury.
Direct injury to the head involves a blow to the head that causes injury at impact site.
Indirect injury to the head results from damaging forces traveling to the head from other parts of the body.
Treat every head injury as if there is a neck injury and vice versa.
Depressed skull fracture:
Concussion is “a clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient impairment of neurologic function secondary to mechanical forces.”
Second Impact Syndrome (SIS) can be a serious problem!
Results when an athlete with a head injury receives another head injury before the symptoms of the first injury have resolved.
Involves rapid and catastrophic brain swelling.
SIS can result in death.
Any athlete sustaining a head injury, no matter how minor, should be monitored by a physician before being cleared to return to participation.Head Injuries in Sports (continued)
Coaching personnel must take great care when conducting an examination of an athlete suspected of having a neck injury.