Stairway to HEven : Our Role in Making Social Mobility a Reality. Keith Kinsella: Widening Participation Coordinator Access and Partnership Unit. What is Social Mobility?.
Keith Kinsella: Widening Participation Coordinator
Access and Partnership Unit
What is Social Mobility?
"Rich, thick kids do better than poor, clever children before they go to school. Unfortunately, despite the best efforts of our society, the situation is getting worse."
Can we come up with a good definition?
Absolute Social Mobility
Relative Social Mobility
Your comparative chances of being socially mobile.
Middle class students have a much better chance than working class students.
Since the 1970s relative social mobility has declined in the UK
(The Spirit Level, Wilkinson and Pickett 2009)
OECD Data. The higher the bar the more impact our parents income has on our ability to become socially mobile. In Denmark who your parents are has the least impact on our chances of ‘climbing the ladder’.
1) You can do okay without a degree, 40k is a lot of money.
2) With the new fees its ‘game over’ for social mobility through HE.
3) There are too many graduates now, a degree is worthless.
Your earning potential is greatly increased if you go to university…. Many jobs that didn’t need a degree in 1970 now require one….. On a very basic level it is a foot in the interview door.
OECD data shows we are far behind many other countries…… Too many graduates?
Technological changes and outsourcing of routine white collar work will mean a contraction in jobs that used to be filled by school leavers at 18
Some jobs (security guards, cleaners etc. cannot rely on machines 100% and will expand to service the top of the hour glass)
(‘The Way We’ll Work: Labour Market Trends and Preparing for the Hourglass’, University Alliance, 2012)
School leavers are still applying......
The communities we work with have low HE progression…..
The gap remains but is lower for those doing vocational courses on FSM. This could be because the students from higher-income backgrounds do not have a tendency to choose vocational routes hence the statistics are not inflated by their presence.
The applications by the poorest sections of society to elite universities has remained at only 3%!!! Further analysis shows that you are 15 times more likely to apply and be accepted to such institutions if you come from the wealthiest backgrounds.