Costa Rica’s history and experience as an environmental leader in the developing world. Jennifer E. Romero March , 2012. What contributes to this image and its practice?. Outline. Introduction Historical review Conclusions. www.dviaje.info.com. Introduction.
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Costa Rica’s history and experience as an environmental leader in the developing world
Jennifer E. Romero
What contributes to this image and its practice?
biodiversity (Gámez, 1993)
found in the whole of the US
by sugarcane, coffee and bananas+cattle
Who have been the political catalyst for conservation?
Who started the environmental groups, who created the regulatory agencies, who convinced the politicians, who led the protests?…the foreign influence disappears.
Until the decade of 1940, government policies directly encouraged deforestation, requiring settlers to ·”improve” wild areas as a precondition for ownership and providing credit to convert forests to pasture and cropland
Costa Rican and foreign scientists
security in the region during the war
1960`s, the short term view came to be challenged by individuals trained in ecology and wildlife biology
as the appropriate policy response
training + personal commitments
1969: The forestry Law (led by Álvaro Rojas)
1970s dramatic increase in social activism and environmental policy reform
Wildlife increasingly under threat
1973 Amigos de la Naturaleza
1980s Balance-of-payment problems
Allow environmental organizations to buy private commercial debt at discounted rates and retire the debt in exchange for promises of domestic conservation investments
1990s, a greenest society: hundreds of environmental organizations were formed; sustainable development as economic model
“President Figueres devoted more attention to the environmental cause than had any head of state in Costa Rican History”