Anthrax, Smallpox and Multiple Vaccinations: What We Know and Do Not Know. Omowunmi (‘Wunmi) Osinubi, MD, M.Sc., MBA, FRCA. Adjunct Assistant Professor Department of Occupational and Environmental Health UMDNJ-School of Public Health & Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Omowunmi (‘Wunmi) Osinubi, MD, M.Sc., MBA, FRCA.
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health
UMDNJ-School of Public Health & Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Occupational Health Physician
War Related Illness and Injury Study Center
Encephalitis Virus Era)
Ebola/MarbugBiological Warfare Agents of Concern
The Anthrax Letters
Patient at rest, bilateral mild ptosis, disconjugate gaze, symmetric facial muscles.
Requested to perform max. smile. Ptosis, disconjugate gaze, mild asymmetric smile.
? Efficacy against inhalational anthrax
? Manufacturing quality control problems
? Short and long-term side effects
? Vaccine components and adjuvants
“Squalene” vs Aluminium hydroxide hypotheses
? Military policies that first mandated vaccinations, punished refusals for vaccinations and later retracted mandatory vaccination
? Indications for vaccinations was not uniformly applied
? Vaccinations performed in “secrecy”, inadequate informed consent, and incomplete documentation of anthrax vaccinations
? Variability in vaccines used
(cited by the 2002 IOM report on AVA)
So Why Should We Care Era)about Veterans’ Vaccination concerns?
Because they cared for us
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