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War on the Home Front - Production + Financing

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War on the Home Front - Production + Financing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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War on the Home Front - Production + Financing Within weeks of Pearl Harbor, the US redirected production of many products. Production of bicycles, soda cans, refrigerators, toothpaste tubes and 300+ other items was cut back or banned.

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War on the Home Front- Production + Financing

  • Within weeks of Pearl Harbor, the US redirected production of many products.
    • Production of bicycles, soda cans, refrigerators, toothpaste tubes and 300+ other items was cut back or banned.
    • Auto manufacturers converted production to tanks and war supplies.
    • New industries were created… Our supply of natural rubber (from SE Asia) was cut off, so new companies were created to design synthetic rubber.
    • America’s production of war materials matched the total output of Germany, Italy and Japan combined.
    • Because of increasing demand, the government started rationing a number of products including sugar, butter, gasoline, shoes and coffee.
  • The US also had to find new and innovative ways to finance the war:
    • The government increased taxes and extended the income tax to include middle and lower income families.
    • The government sold war bonds.
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War on the Home Front– Women in the Workforce

  • With men oversees, more women than ever before entered the labor force.
    • “Rosie the Riveter” became a national symbol of the contribution women were making to the war effort.
      • Rosie the Riveter: a cultural icon and advertising success which symbolized feminism and women’s economic power as part of the effort to mobilize America for war
  • Many of the female laborers had children at home. The government offered training courses, funded child-care centers and ideas about equal pay for equal work started to spread.
  • Although at first most women considered their new employment temporary, by war’s end 80% said they wanted to keep their jobs.
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War on the Home Front– Social Change

  • To support the growing labor and production needs, society started to change.
    • Between 1941-1945, one of every five American relocated to another part of the country.
    • Prejudice increased towards African Americans, Okies and other re-locating families.
  • People were loyal to President Roosevelt. He was elected 4 times as our President (the only President ever elected 4 times):
    • 1932
    • 1936
    • 1940
    • 1944…
  • Unfortunately, FDR did not see the end of WWII. He died April 12, 1945, less than one month before VE Day. Vice President Truman became our 33rd President and learned about a secret weapon the US was building… the a-bomb.
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