2. A General View of Belgorod. Belgorod is a city with a glorious history which preserves its national and cultural traditions.. Belgorod is a University City. 3. Many evidences of Belgorod\'s further history were lost In the course of centuries. In 1593 under the edict of Tsar Fyodor the city was rebuilt as a new fortress on the eastern border of Moscow State. In the first half of the XIII century it occupied a central place in the defensive line of Belgorod region. .