Breaking away from britain
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Breaking Away from Britain. Unit 1 Lesson 1A: Origins of the American Nation: The New World. L.E.Q.: How did European exploration and colonization effect Native American and European cultures?. Drill:

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Breaking Away from Britain

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Breaking Away from Britain

Unit 1 Lesson 1A: Origins of the American Nation: The New World


L.E.Q.: How did European exploration and colonization effect Native American and European cultures?

Drill:

Based on these images, what conclusions do you have about the interactions between Europeans and Native Americans?


Pop Quiz: Regions of the U.S.

  • Which states make up the Northwest region of the U.S.?

    Washington, Oregon

  • Which state is also a peninsula?

    Florida

  • Which state is in the Southwest region and bordered to the east by Louisiana?

    Texas

  • How many states are have a polar climate?

    one = Alaska

  • What is the climate of most states in the Southeast region?

    Humid subtropical


Pre-Columbian America

  • The first human inhabitants of North American came from northeast Asia during an Ice Age, approximately 15,ooo years ago

  • As the Ice Age ended these Asian descendants began to develop distinctive regional cultures

    - some remained nomadic

    - some relied heavily on farming

  • Each group/tribe developed their own languages, social organizations, governments, and religious beliefs and practices = civilization

15,000 years ago


Pre-Columbian America

  • Native population was between 5-10 million

  • 350-500 different languages b/w the two continents

  • Pre-contact societies were diverse and complex


Early Modern Europe

  • After the Middle Ages (500-1400 C.E.) Europe experienced an age of intellectualism known as the Renaissance (advances in technology, weaponry, and science)

  • Motives for exploration:

    - God: spread Christianity

    - Glory: bring honor to country and increase power and control

    - Gold: increase wealth of the country and status


Columbus

  • Arrived in the Caribbean in 1492, his purpose: conquest and exploitation

  • “I cold conquer the whole of them with fifty men and govern them as I pleased.”

    (entry from Columbus’ journal – 13 October 1942)

  • Effects of Columbus’ voyages:

    - Other European leaders fund expeditions to the Americas

    - Europeans begin to see themselves as superior

    - Columbian Exchange


Homework:

Sum it Up:

Describe the effects of European exploration on both the Native Americans and Europeans.

Read pages 4-6 of Lesson 1: Origins of the American Nation and take notes


**Colonize: come to settle among and establish political control over

L.E.Q.: How did European exploration and colonization effect Native American and European cultures?

Drill:

Brainstorm

Why were Europeans able to colonize the Americas with relative ease?

European colonists arrive in America to appropriate land.

Cartoonist: Madden, Chris


Colonization Made Easy:

  • Decrease in Native populations: Explorers and conquistadors brought diseases with them that killed 90% - 96% of the Native Americans living on the eastern coast of North America

  • Land was already settled: Native Americans already settled the land = homes, farm lands, irrigation systems, pottery, tools

  • Acculturation: Native American and European cultures began to blend with Native populations learning to use new technologies, such as firearms and utilizing horses

  • Increase in Native warfare: Europeans played Native Americans against each other; sell of other Natives as slaves and the fur trade increased conflict


Colonization of North America

Colonization of South America


North America

Europe


A.K.A. Raw Materials

L.E.Q.: How did European exploration and colonization effect Native American and European cultures?

Drill:

What is mercantilism? In the case of European colonization, who benefited most from this economic system?


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